Stress wave riveting


The stress wave riveter deforms the rivet material by a high amplitude stress wave. Thus, the entire rivet is set in motion radially. The rivet expands rapidly and impacts the hole surface before the rivet tail begins to form. Unlike the oversqueezed rivets, therefore, it sets up uniform interference without distortion in the skins. Furthermore, the radial velocity is so high (over 200 in./sec) that upon impact with the hole surface it deforms the surface plastically. This is especially effective in aluminum skins. Thus the SWR combines the advantages of plastically deforming the hole and the economic advantage of a relatively nonprecision hole and inexpensive rivets like those used in oversqueezing. The additional advantage SWR offers is that it is a portable tool

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This paper was published in NASA Technical Reports Server.

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