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By means of static ab-initio computations we investigate the influence of Al on the recently discovered perovskite to post-perovskite phase transition in MgSiO_3. We examine three substitution mechanisms for Al in the two structures: MgSi → AlAl; SiSiO → AlAl□; and Si → AlH. The substitutions introducing oxygen vacancies (highly unfavorable, energetically) and water (favorable) both lower the 0 Kelvin transition pressure, whereas charge coupled substitution increases it relative to 105 GPa for pure MgSiO_3. From the transition pressures for 0, 6.25, and 100 mol% charge coupled Al_2O_3 incorporation and simple solution theories, we estimate the phase diagram of Al-bearing MgSiO_3 at low Al concentrations. Assuming the Clapeyron slope is independent of Al concentration, we find the perovskite-to-post-perovskite transition region to span 127–140 GPa, at 6.25 mol% Al_2O_3. When the upper pressure limit is bounded by the core-mantle boundary, the phase coexistence region has width 150 km

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

Year: 2005

OAI identifier:
oai:authors.library.caltech.edu:33875

Provided by:
Caltech Authors

Downloaded from
http://authors.library.caltech.edu/33875/1/2005GL023192.pdf

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