Linking Biodiversity with Participation in Wildlife Watching in the United States


[Abstract] This study provides an analysis of individual participation in wildlife watching associated with biodiversity in the United States, both residentially and nonresidentially. A binary Logit choice model based on random utility theory was used for the data collected from the 2001 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation. The analysis revealed that income, age, gender, ethnicity, visiting public parks or natural areas, and plantings around home had effects on residential wildlife watching participation. It also revealed that only gender and ownership affected nonresidential wildlife watching participation. The empirical results of this study showed that trophic diversities including birds and mammals and ecosystem diversities such as lakes, woodlands, and open fields had effects on residential and nonresidential wildlife watching participation, respectively. The results of this study provide insight into the determinants of participation in wildlife watching, which can be used for planning and management purposes for wildlife resources and habitats

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