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A study of the relationship between school board leadership behavior and advancement of instructional quality



Graduation date: 199

Year: 1996
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Provided by: ScholarsArchive@OSU

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  1. (2) Alternative Learning Environments Sec 5 (4(c)) /
  2. (a) "Resident pupil" means any pupil:
  3. (a) The advisory committee shall include teachers, who shall constitute a majority of the 15 members, and one member from each of the following groups, at least one of whom must be a member of a minority:
  4. [The plan for] The centers (shall] may promote means of identifying, coordinating and integrating existing resources and may include:
  5. (1995). 21st Century Schools Council" means a council established pursuant to section 39 of this
  6. A 21st Century Schools Council shall be composed of teachers, parents, classified employees and principals or the principal's designee, as follows:
  7. A Certificate of Advanced Mastery implementation timeline and projected cost;
  8. A certificate, to be conferred upon students who with additional services and accommodations do not meet the Certificate of Initial Mastery standards.
  9. A child development specialist shall provide primary prevention services directly or in cooperation with others in settings in addition to the school setting:
  10. A description of systems developed to monitor the academic standards accomplished by Certificate of Advanced Mastery students as well as student attainment in work and post-secondary study;
  11. (1995). A description of the implementation of the six broad career indorsement areas of study. SECTION 44. ORS 329.860 is amended to read: 329.860. (1) (By January 1,
  12. A description of the role of business and education partnerships; and
  13. A district must admit an otherwise eligible person who has not yet attained 21 years ofage prior to the beginning of the current school year if the person is:
  14. (1991). A school district may establish a district site committee to assist in the administration of grants or in the district-wide coordination of programs. SECTION 40. Section 6, chapter 667,
  15. A student transported from one school or facility to another school or facility when the student attends both schools or facilities during the day or week; and
  16. Academic content standards" or "academic standards" means expectations of student knowledge and skills in identified content areas adopted by the State Board of Education under
  17. Access to a quality education must be provided for all of Oregon's youth regardless of linguistic background, culture, race, gender, capability or geographic Io Cation.
  18. Administrator" includes all persons whose duties require an administrative license.
  19. After-school child care; doi
  20. All 21st Century Schools Council meetings shall be subject to the open meetings law pursuant to ORS 192.610 to 192.690.
  21. All courses necessary for a Certificate of Advanced Mastery shall be available to all students.
  22. All school districts shall, as part of their local district improvement plan, develop programs and policies to achieve a safe, educational environment.
  23. Allow educators and local citizens to determine and share successful and unsuccessful school programs (the success of their own school programs];
  24. Allow educators to sustain support for reforms demonstrated to be successful;
  25. Amending the application process for school improvement grants;
  26. An amount equal to the district expenses from its local revenues for each student in average daily membership, payable by the resident district in the same year; and
  27. An evaluation of assessment strategies and staff development ,opportunities;
  28. and national standardized tests and other assessments of student learning andeducational progress;
  29. (1991). and secondary school reform as provided in [chapter 693,
  30. Approved transportation costs" means those costs as defined by rule of the State Board of Education and are limited to those costs attributable to transporting or room and board provided in lieu of transporting:
  31. Are consistent with research findings on how children learn; doi
  32. Are sensitive to individual differences such as cultural background and learning styles; and
  33. Assumes that all students can learn and establishes high, specific skill and knowledge expectations [appropriate to the students' assessed learning rates] -and recognizes individual differences at all instructional levels;
  34. At least one member shall be a classified employee; and
  35. be selected by parents of students attending the school; and
  36. Beginning teacher" means a teacher who:
  37. Board" or "state board" means the State Board of Education. doi
  38. Certificate of Advanced Mastery, to be conferred upon all students meeting state and local standards and requirements for the Certificate of Advanced Mastery in one of the areas pursuant to ORS 329.475.
  39. Certificate of Initial Mastery, to be conferred upon all students meeting state and local standards and requirements required for the Certificate of Initial Mastery pursuant to ORS 329.455.
  40. Classified employees shall be elected by classified employees at the school site;
  41. Consolidation of administration of the program under the Department of Education; and
  42. Content-based assessment" means testing of the understanding of a student of a predetermined body of knowledge.
  43. Cooperative work and study programs; doi
  44. Criterion-referenced assessment" means testing of the knowledge or ability of a student with respect to some standard.
  45. Demographic information on public school children in this state.
  46. Demonstrated consistency with the local assessments and plans resulting from ORS 417.705 to 417.790 and 4I9A.170.
  47. Department" means the Department of Education.
  48. Develop an assessment system for the Certificate of Initial Mastery and provide training fOr school staff in implementation.
  49. Developing criterion-referenced assessments including performance-based, content-based and other assessment mechanisms to test knowledge and skills;
  50. Developing professional technical education curricula, in consultation with business, labor and apprenticeship organizations and education, that offer training programs in professional technical occupations.
  51. District planning committee" means a committee composed of teachers, administrators and public members established for the purposes of ORS
  52. Drug and alcohol abuse counseling; and doi
  53. (1991). Each regional work force quality committee created under section 7, chapter 667,,
  54. economics and civics, to be implemented by the 1998-1999 school year.
  55. Efforts to improve the kindergarten through third grade curriculum and educational practices so that they:
  56. Elementary school students who live at least one mile from school;
  57. Emphasizes involvement of parents and the community in the total education of students; [(14)] (13) Transports children safely to and from school;
  58. Employers (to] recognize the need for parents or guardians and members of thecommunity to participate in the education process not only for their own children but for the edu-cational system; [and]
  59. Employment counseling, training and placement; doi
  60. Encourage parent participation. Such efforts may include but are not limited to adapting curricula and training administrators and other staff in early childhood education and child development.
  61. English as a second language or bilingual services for limited proficiency students; doi
  62. Enrolling professional technical education students in significant structured work experiences designed to assist students in achieving job-specific competence and workplace readiness.
  63. Ensure that students [exhibit the capacity] have the opportunity to demonstrate the ability to learn, think, (reason,] retrieve information and use technology; [and work effectively alone and in groups.]
  64. Ensure that students have the necessary knowledge and demonstrate the skills to read, write, problem solve, reason and communicate;
  65. Ensure that students have the opportunity to demonstrate that they can work effectively as individuals and as an individual in group settings; and
  66. Equitable distribution of available funds.
  67. Establishing criteria for Certificates of Initial Mastery and Advanced Mastery, and for benchmarks at grades 3, 5, 8 and 10; Vd) Researching and developing models for nongraded primaries;
  68. Establishing criteria for early childhood improvement programs;
  69. Establishing the Certificate of Initial Mastery program to provide every student with an opportunity to attain mastery level at a high performance standard by approximately age 16 or grade 10. Enrolled House Bill
  70. Evaluation of programs by goals set by the district for the program.
  71. Extended day services for school age children who need care or enrichment opportunities; and
  72. Facilitate the use of educational resources and innovations in the most effective manner.
  73. Family crisis and mental health counseling. doi
  74. Graduation requirements;
  75. Has demonstrated mastery of teaching skills and subject matter knowledge.
  76. Has successfully taught for three or more years as a licensed teacher in any public school;
  77. health care and social services for children to be provided through interagency agreements among school districts, health care and social service providers.
  78. Health services or referral to health services; doi
  79. Implement applied academic courses relevant to the six (occupational strands] career indorsement areas of study (of the Certificate of Advanced Mastery].
  80. Implement district or school improvement plans.
  81. In addition to a diploma, to establish the Certificates of Initial Mastery and Advanced Mastery as evidence of new high academic standards of performance (standards] for all students;
  82. In addition to the components listed in subsection (4) of this section, Early Childhood Improvement Programs may include but are not limited to the following components:
  83. In athlition to the requirements of subsection (1) of this section,] There may be established a process for industrial certification and a sequence of advanced certification that could be obtained throughout a person's career.
  84. in each school building affected by the proposal, a 21st Century Schools Council.(c) Agreed, at the direction of the 21st Century Schools Councils and, if applicable, the districtplanning committee, upon the following:
  85. Include funding for the implementation and evaluation of pilot programs in the Department of Education budget.
  86. including source and disposition of school district operating funds and salary data.
  87. including teachers, community members and representatives of business and labor, may be appointed to offer specialized information concerning knowledge and skill requirements for occupations.
  88. Index" means the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers of the Portland,
  89. Information pertaining to the characteristics of the school and school staff, including assignment of teachers, experience of staff and the proportion of minorities and women represented on the teaching and administrative staff.
  90. Is employed at the time of selection under contract primarily as a classroom teacher by a school district in this state;
  91. Is employed' at least half time, primarily as a classroom teacher, by a school district; and
  92. Kindergarten" means a kindergarten program that conforms to the standards and rules adopted by the State Board of Education.
  93. Linkages between relevant education and training providers;
  94. Local district improvement plans shall include the district's and school's. short-term and long -term plans for staff development. [(3)] (7) Local district and school goals and district and school improvement plans shall be made available to the public.
  95. Locally determined and measurable [outcomes] achievements addressing the particular needs of low income and minority students;
  96. Locally determined services and delivery;
  97. Members of a 21st Century Schools Council shall be selected as follows:
  98. Members of the business and labor community.
  99. Not more than half of the members shall be parents of students attending that school;
  100. Not more than half of the members shall be teachers;
  101. of Education and the Office ofCommunity College Services shall include intheir budget requests to the Governor-1., beginning with the 1993-1995 biennium.] funds sufficient toimplement each two-year phase of the long-range plan.
  102. One member shall be the principal of the building or the principal's designee.
  103. Operate a team, small group model school with a team of teachers remaining with the same students over a period of several years using a variety of teaching techniques and research-based cooperative small groups;
  104. Organizes instructional groupings as heterogeneously as possible to promote the attitudes and skills necessary for democratic citizenship;
  105. other members may be as the school district shall designate, including but not limited to local school committee members, business leaders, students and members of the community at large.
  106. Other representatives shall be selected by the council.
  107. Parents of children currently in prekindergarten through grade 12 of the public school system; and
  108. Parents" means parents or guardians of students currently enrolled in a public school providing education in prekindergarten through grade 12.
  109. Parents" means parents or guardians of students who are covered by this chapter.
  110. part-time job development;
  111. Planned transition from prekindergarten programs to kindergarten through grade three.
  112. (1995). Plans developed by 21st Century Schools Councils at the school building level as described in (ORS 329.705] section 39 of this
  113. Pooled resources using Job Training Partnership Act funds and cash match;
  114. Possesses a basic or standard teaching personnel service or administrative license issued by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission;
  115. Possesses a teaching license issued by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission;
  116. Preschool children with disabilities requiring transportation for early intervention services provided pursuant to ORS 343.224 and 343.533;
  117. Present to the State Board of Education and the appropriate legislative committee an annual evaluation of all pilot programs; and
  118. Programs designed to improve the adult to child ratios in kindergarten through grade three.
  119. Programs developed under this section shall meet the highest academic standards possible and provide students with opportunities for a broad range of quality work-related learning experiences.
  120. Provide for the expansion and further development of coordinated and connected professional technical instructional programs between high schools, community colleges, and apprenticeship and other training programs.
  121. Provide student leadership training and experience to students enrolled in professional technical education programs as an integral part of the program.
  122. Provides equal and open arress and educational opportunities for all students in the state regardless of their linguistic background, culture, race, gender, capability or geographic location;
  123. Provides for [a high degree of mastery] rigorous academic content standards and instruction in mathematics, [and] science, history, geography, economics, civics and English;
  124. Provides for a safe, educational environment. SECTION 5. ORS 329.035 is amended to read; 329.035. The Legislative Assembly declares that:
  125. Provides opportunities for students (to exhibit the capacity] to learn, think, reason, retrieve information, use technology and work effectively alone and in groups;
  126. Provides special education, compensatory education, linguistically and culturally appropriate education and other specialized programs to all students who need those services;
  127. Provides students with a solid foundation in the skills of reading, writing, problem solving[, listening, speaking, critical thinking] and communication[, across the disciplines];
  128. Provides students with instruction in, but not limited to, health, physical education, second languages and the arts;
  129. Provides students with the knowledge and skills that will provide the opportunities to succeed in the world of work, as members of families and as citizens (of a participatory democracy];
  130. Provides students with the knowledge and skills to take responsibility for their decisions and (to make appropriate] choices;
  131. Providing curricula that include significant [outcomes] academic achievements. (in mathematics, science, language arts, history and other subjects.]
  132. Recognize schools for their progress and achievements; and
  133. (2000). Requirements for the Certificate of Initial Mastery shall: [(a) Assure that a student has the knowledge and skills to read, write, problem solve, think critically and communicate across the disciplines, at national levels by the year
  134. Researching and developing [erixte,-,tional] public school choice plans; [and]
  135. Resident pupil" includes a pupil admitted to a school district under
  136. Restructuring curricula to integrate professional technical education and academic courses. doi
  137. Revising high school curricula to eliminate general studies programs after the sophomore year and replace the programs with college preparatory and professional technical education training programs.
  138. School district' means a school district, an education service district, a state-operated school or any legally constituted combination of such entities that submits an application under
  139. School district" means a school district as defined in ORS 332.002, an education service district, a state-operated school or any legally constituted combination of such entities.
  140. School Improvement and Professional Development program" means a formal plan submitted by a school district and approved by the Department of Education according to criteria specified
  141. Schools Council" means a body composed of teachers, classified district employees, administrators, parents of students and others, constituted under
  142. Second languages" means any foreign language or American Sign Language.
  143. Secondary school students who live at least 1.5 miles from school;
  144. selected and trained as described in ORS 329.815; and
  145. Shown to be in need of additional education in order to receive a [Certificate of Initial or Advanced Mastery] diploma.
  146. Standard school" means a school meeting the standards set by the rules of the State Board of Education.
  147. State statutes and rules and local policies and agreements relating to educational practices,with the exception of those that affect health, safety or constitutional rights under state or federallaw;
  148. Strategies for implementation of the Certificate of Advanced Mastery in small and rural schools;
  149. Student conduct and disciplinary actions; doi
  150. Student expectations and attitudes towards learning; and
  151. Student success in college, vocational and other post-secondary programs. SECTION 31a. (1) The amendments to ORS 329.555 by section 31 of this
  152. Students participating in school-sponsored field trips that are extensions of classroom learning experiences.
  153. Students who require payment of room and board in lieu of transportation;
  154. Such other information as the superintendent obtains under ORS 329.105.
  155. Such other proper purposes as may be determined by the board.
  156. Teachers shall be licensed teachers elected by licensed teachers at the school site; doi
  157. The administration of grants-in-aid for the professional development of teachers and classified district employees.
  158. the amount available for distribution under this section, an amount equal to five percent thereof shall be distributed to eligible
  159. The assessment of the educational progress of school programs and students;
  160. The board may appoint other citizens as considered appropriate by the board.
  161. The board shall establish the standards, including standards of accessibility to educational opportunities, upon which the assessment is based.
  162. The Common Curriculum Goals reviewed and revised by the board under subsection
  163. The Department of Education shall develop the statewide assessment system. in:
  164. The development and coordination of plans for the implementation of programs under this chapter at the school; and
  165. The development of a local plan of education coordination that links the Job Training Partnership Act with other education reform efforts prior to the distribution of funds;
  166. The development of educational goals for individual schools and school districts;
  167. The development of plans to improve the professional growth of the school's staff;
  168. The district application shall include:
  169. (1996). The district school board shall make rules governing the use of school buildings and grounds under this section. SECTION 49. Section 13, chapter 693, Oregon Laws 1991, is amended to read:
  170. The expansion of professional growth and career opportunities for Oregon teachers; [and]
  171. The extent and nature of parental involvement in school activities;
  172. The identification of validated educational research used to substantiate the rationale for initiating pilot programs.
  173. The improvement of the school's instructional program;
  174. The Learning Centers (shall] may also provide for the integration of existing local and community programs that provide any part of the services needed to assist individuals in obtaining the Certificate of Initial Mastery.
  175. The Legislative Assembly believes that the goals of kindeigarten through grade 12 education are:
  176. The length and structure of the school day and the school year; doi
  177. The licensing, assignment and formal responsibilities of teachers, administrators and otherschool personnel;
  178. The major activities to be carried out as part of the project, including but not limited to thenature and extent of the restructuring-of school operations and formal relationships as described inORS
  179. (1991). The Oregon Workforce Quality Council shall oversee the implementation of the following worIcforce development strategies: [(2)] (a) Professional and technical education reform, as provided in (chapter 693,
  180. The process by which each 21st Century Schools Council and, where applicable, the district planning committee will collect data and assess the progress and final performance of its program.
  181. The programs must provide a combination of work-related learning experiences and study in accordance with ORS 329.855. The program shall include a comprehensive educational component that meets rigorous academic standards.
  182. The programs shall include the following planned components:
  183. The purposes of this program include the following:
  184. The report shall contain, but need not
  185. The restructuring of the school workplace to provide teachers with responsibilities and au-thority commensurate with their status as professionals; (.1
  186. The specified measures of student learning and [educational outcomes] achievement, includ-ing but not limited to those described in ORS 329.555 (2) for each building affected by the applica-tion.
  187. The State Board of Education shall continually review all adopted standards and shall raise the standards in academic content areas to the highest levels possible.
  188. The State Board of Education shall create, by rule, a process for school distric& to initiate and propose pilot programs. The rules shall include a process for waivers of rules and regulations and a process for approval of the proposed pilot programs:
  189. The State Board of Education shall submit a report to the Sixty-ninth Legislative Assembly that includes:
  190. The State of Oregon believes that all students can learn [when offered appropriate learning opportunities,] and should be held to rigorous (intellectual] academic content standards and expected to succeed.
  191. To achieve (edttenfinnal] the highest standards of academic content and performance (and outcomes that match the highest of any in the world for all students];
  192. to be implemented by the 1995-1996 school year.
  193. to be implemented by the 1996-1997 school year.
  194. to be implemented by the 1997-1998 school year.
  195. To coordinate resources available through the community and the school.
  196. To demand academic excellence through a rigorous academic program that equips students with the information and skills necessary to pursue the future of their choice;
  197. To encourage educators, school districts and local citizens to establish measurable goals foreducational attainment and increased expectations for student performance, including but not lim-ited to improvement in such performance measures as:
  198. To establish early childhood programs and academic professional technical programs as part of a comprehensive educational system; and
  199. To parents of pupils enrolled in elementary schools to assist them in understanding their children's unique aptitudes and needs and to aid in relating home, school and neighborhood experiences.
  200. To provide an environment that motivates students to pursue serious scholarship and to have experience in applying knowledge and skills and demonstrating achievement; and
  201. To refer pupils enrolled, in the elementary school and their families to appropriate state or local agencies for additional assistance as needed.
  202. To the professional staff of the elementary school to assist them in early identification of pupils enrolled therein with learning or developmental problems.
  203. (1997). Until full statewide implementation, school districts are encouraged to use Certificate of Advanced Mastery programs that are currently being developed, but modified, if necessary, to best fit their students' and community's needs.
  204. Updating Common Curriculum Goals to meet [international] rigorous academic standards;
  205. which are focus areas that identify a high quality career related course of study which informs students about future choices and simultaneously prepares them for further education, lifelong learning and employment.

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