Graduation date: 1997The purpose of this study was to determine if a 5-month\ud progressive-resistance exercise program would affect measures\ud of activities of daily living (ADLs) and functional stability\ud in elderly women. All subjects were ambulatory women, 80 to\ud 93 years old, who lived in assisted-care facilities. Eight\ud exercise and 7 control subjects completed the 5-month study.\ud Exercise subjects participated 3 times weekly in progressive\ud resistance of the lower extremities and upper extremities.\ud ADLs were assessed by the Barthel Index, and functional\ud stability was assessed by timed measures of rising from a\ud chair, walking, and standing, feet together, with eyes open\ud and eyes closed. All subjects were tested at 0, 10, and 20\ud weeks. Using repeated measures analysis of variance,\ud significant differences were seen only in an overall Group\ud effect (p<.0005). The Eyes Open stance (p=.02) and Walk\ud (p=.01) measures contributed most to this effect. The lack\ud of significance in other analyses may have resulted from low\ud sample size, high variation of scores, initial group\ud differences, or perhaps an ineffective treatment program
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