Gang crime and resulting public fear became a major policy focus during the 1990s, yet few studies specifically focus on fear of gang crime. Guided by social disorganization theory, we test three theoretical models about the individual thought processes leading to fear of gang crime. Using structural equation models, we find that each of these three theoriesFdiversity, disorder, and community concernFis an important predictor of gang-related fear. In addition, we find that the indirect relationships between demographic characteristics, theoretical variables, and fear depend upon which model is tested. Fear of Gangs and Crime Policy Crime has been a major focus of political campaigns for years ( Johnson 1997; Warr 1995, 2000), but during the 1990s, policy-makers routinely cited gang violence and the fear it invoked in the public as a primary justification for harsher laws and punishment policies (e.g., Clinton 1997; Senate 1994). Throughout the 1990s
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