Abstract –Learning at the feeding site initiates various forms of memory which differ with respect to their temporal dynamics, contents and stability when exposed to successive experiences. Neurobiological analyses indicate that these different forms of memory reside in different parts of the brain: the non-associative memory in the antennal lobes, the associative memory in the mushroom bodies. Single-cell recordings identify neurons which participate in both forms of memory. Behavioural studies were performed to elucidate the question of how these memories guide the choice behaviour of honeybees when collecting food from scattered sites. It is concluded that memory processing in bees is highly adapted to the particular conditions in which the animal has to choose quickly between a large number of potential food sites. A dynamic model is presented which incorporates our knowledge of memory processing in the honeybee. Keywords:learning, memory, honeybee, foraging strategy, matching behaviour
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