Abstract Ð Four experiments testing for telepathic communication of emo-tions, evoked by slides, between a group of ª sendersº and a group of ª re-ceiversº using a total of 210 undergraduate students as subjects, are reported. Analysis of variance of aggregated data showed a significant difference among: a) believers in telepathy (n = 53), scoring below chance level, b) un-decided (n = 105), scoring above chance level, and c) non-believers (n = 48), who did not deviate from chance level. Except for a minor deviation in the first experiment, the same pattern was obtained in all four experiments. The first picture presented exhibited a significant positive deviation from the value expected by chance. Hit score showed an inverted U-formed relation-ship to rated involvement, with negative scores for very high involvement values. Scores on an ª opennessº test, administered at the end of Experiment 4, did not show any relationship to performance, except for a significant neg-ative correlation between a belief-in-telepathy item and hit score. In general, the results from the first three experiments were replicated in the fourth ex-periment, where all conceivable experimental errors had been eliminated. A so-called Monte Carlo Method, which is free from all statistical assumptions, confirmed the results obtained by traditional methods. Except for sampling error, no probable ª naturalº explanation of the findings could be found
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