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Advance Access publication August 9, 2007 Muscarinic Receptor Dysfunction Induced by Exposure to Low Levels of Soman Vapor

By Paul A. Dabisch, Michael S. Horsmon, William T. Muse, Robert J. Mioduszewski and Ra Thomson


In the eye, it has been previously reported that exposure to a cholinesterase inhibitor results in a reduced miotic response following prolonged exposure and a decreased miotic response to the cholinergic agonists. However, no studies exist that character-ize the effect of a single low-level vapor exposure to a nerve agent on parasympathetic function in the eye or determine the threshold dose for such an effect. The present study investigated the hypotheses that a single low-level exposure to soman vapor would result in dysfunction of the parasympathetic pathway mediating the pupillary light reflex resulting from a loss of muscarinic receptor function on the pupillary sphincter muscle. Adult male rats were exposed to soman vapor in a whole-body dynamic airflow exposure chamber. Rats exposed to low levels of soman vapor dose-dependently developed miosis (threshold dose between 4.1 and 6.1 mg-min/m3). Pupil size returned to preexposure level

Year: 2007
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