In the eye, it has been previously reported that exposure to a cholinesterase inhibitor results in a reduced miotic response following prolonged exposure and a decreased miotic response to the cholinergic agonists. However, no studies exist that character-ize the effect of a single low-level vapor exposure to a nerve agent on parasympathetic function in the eye or determine the threshold dose for such an effect. The present study investigated the hypotheses that a single low-level exposure to soman vapor would result in dysfunction of the parasympathetic pathway mediating the pupillary light reflex resulting from a loss of muscarinic receptor function on the pupillary sphincter muscle. Adult male rats were exposed to soman vapor in a whole-body dynamic airflow exposure chamber. Rats exposed to low levels of soman vapor dose-dependently developed miosis (threshold dose between 4.1 and 6.1 mg-min/m3). Pupil size returned to preexposure level
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