Infrastructure Quality Measures: Trans-Atlantic Analysis and Pilot Indicators for Germany


Abstract: This paper addresses the importance of congestion and looks at ways to improve knowledge of its magnitude and development in Europe. First it addresses selected impacts of congestion: on economic development, technical innovation and transport policy design. By applying industry interviews, market studies and statistics on international trade flows and patent applications it is concluded that the attempt of people and firms to avoid adverse congestion effects even creates markets for new technologies. The paper further explores the current state of congestion monitoring in road and scheduled transport, based on detailed country reports for 27 European coun-tries and the US. Eventually, the application of a low cost procedure for establishing an initial monitoring system on trunk roads is tested and some sample results are shown. Although far from being representative, these results demonstrate that initial monitoring approaches on the basis of spreadsheet models are possible and can be extended to more sophisticated systems

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