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    TRANSGENDERS’ RIGHTS IN ARGENTINA: REGARDING INDIA

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    The transgender community has faced and continues to face discrimination in almost every part of the world. The inception, extent, and duration of such differential treatment coupled with violence may differ across the globe. The reason behind this could be the cultural and constitutional values of the concerned nation along with the traditional position of transgenders in the relevant society. The movement of LGBT community to assert their presence and voice their concerns can be traced in different countries. Argentina can be distinguished as a vanguard in the advancement of inclusive policies, notably with the passage of its Gender Identity Law in 2012, marking it as the inaugural nation worldwide to formally acknowledge an individual’s gender identity without imposing any prerequisites. This article provides a concise overview of the historical trajectory of the LGBT movement in Argentina, followed by an examination of the constitutional and legislative framework established to safeguard the rights of transgender individuals in the country. Subsequently, it delves into the enactment and notable attributes of the Gender Identity Law. It also provides a comparative analysis of transgender law in India vis a vis Argentina and criticises the contrasting approach followed by different States of India. It concludes with the finding that Argentina’s Gender Identity Law is quite progressive from which countries like India can take inspiration

    Delibazione e divorzio nella giurisprudenza della Cassazione: il difficile bilanciamento tra attuazione della normativa concordataria e tutela del coniuge più debole

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    Exequatur procedure and divorce in the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court: the difficult balance between implementation of the concordat legislation and protection of the weaker spouse ABSTRACT: The 1984 Agreement with the catholic church modified the rules for implementing canonical sentences of nullity of marriage in the Italian legal system, introducing several controls among wich the non-contradiction to Italian public order of such sentences has acquired increasing importance. In recent years, this requirement has been interpreted by the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court in a very restrictive manner in order to limit the recognition proceeding as much as possible, with the aim of avoiding the unfavorable economic consequences deriving from the nullity of the marriage for the spouse who would have been entitled to maintenance allowance in the event of divorce. The work focuses on the relationship between recognition of canonical nullity and divorce, analyzing the repeated interventions of the Court of Cassation to prevent that with the exequatur procedure the economic measures taken in the divorce judgment could be annulled. The protection of the weaker spouse was made even more complete by the recent ruling of the United Sections of the Supreme Court of 2021 that allowes the treatment of economic issues still pending, provided that the divorce decree between the parties was pronounced before the exequatur of the ecclesiastical sentence of marriage nullity. SOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. I tratti salienti dell’attuale procedimento di delibazione - 3. La differente tutela del coniuge nel caso di nullità e di divorzio - 4. Il rapporto delibazione-divorzio tra tesi dottrinali e orientamenti giurisprudenziali dalla metà degli anni Ottanta alla fine degli anni Novanta - 5. Gli interventi della giurisprudenza di vertice su delibazione e divorzio a partire dal 2001 - 6. L’ulteriore passo in avanti della Cassazione: dopo il giudicato di divorzio è possibile la trattazione delle questioni economiche ancora pendenti anche se nelle more sia intervenuto l’exequatur della nullità canonica - 7. Conclusioni

    Clinical tutoring for nursing students: analysis of the Barletta-Andria-Trani Health Facility experience

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    BACKGROUND: Il tutoraggio universitario da parte degli infermieri clinici è una componente essenziale e necessaria per aiutare gli studenti a raggiungere il successo nelle attività curriculari  a supporto dell’apprendimento d’aula. L’obiettivo di questo studio è stato quello di descrivere l’esperienza dell’infermiere coinvolto nell’attività di  tutoraggio clinico agli studenti del Corso di Laurea in Infermieristica di un Ateneo italiano. METODI: un questionario di indagine creato sulla base di una revisione della letteratura è stato inviato a tutti gli infermieri che svolgono attività di tutoraggio clinico all’interno della ASL Bt. RISULTATI: Il 67.44% ha riferito di non aver mai ricevuto alcun tipo di formazione specifica nonostante il 92.51% lo ritenga fondamentale per un corretto svolgimento del ruolo. L’82.13% ritiene che questa attività non sia adeguatamente valorizzata CONCLUSIONI: Quanto emerso rappresenta il punto di partenza per l’avvio di un percorso formativo mirato alla standardizzazione dei processi formativi del tutor clinico, orientato al  miglioramento del percorso di apprendimento della futura classe infermieristica.BACKGROUND: University nursing tutoring from clinical nurses is an essential and necessary component in supporting students to be successful in curricular activities in support of classroom learning. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of the nurse involved in clinical tutoring of students in the Bachelor of Science in Nursing course at an Italian university.  METHODS: A survey questionnaire created on the basis of a literature review was sent to all nurses involved in clinical tutoring within the ASL Bt. RESULTS: 67.44% reported that they had never received any kind of specific training despite the fact that 92.51% considered it essential for the correct performance of the role. 82.13% believe that this activity is not adequately valued CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained represent beginning of an educational pathway aimed at standardising the training processes of the clinical tutor, oriented towards improving the learning pathway of the future nursing class

    Henning Börm, Mordende Mitbürger. Stasis und Bürgerkrieg in griechischen Poleis des Hellenismus

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    Henning Börm, Mordende Mitbürger. Stasis und Bürgerkrieg in griechischen Poleis des Hellenismus [Historia – Einzelschriften 258], Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2019, S. 362. ISBN: 978-3-515-12311-2.Henning Börm, Mordende Mitbürger. Stasis und Bürgerkrieg in griechischen Poleis des Hellenismus [Historia – Einzelschriften 258], Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2019, S. 362. ISBN: 978-3-515-12311-2

    L’Ars Poetica in Europa e in Italia: prospettive su tradizione e fortuna dell’epistola oraziana nei secoli XVIII e XIX

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    This article aims to explore the field of the tradition of Horace’s Epistle to the Pisons in Europe and Italy between XVIII and XIX centuries, paying particular attention to the historical and cultural background along with the specific reception context. Due to the breadth of the subject, which would require a more articulate examination than the one possible here, the perspective will be limited to specific aspects. The paper considers primarily the different mechanisms of translation and poetical imitation which affect the diffusion of Horace’s production as a whole. Among those modalities it is possible to find works related to biographical research, but also parodies and artistic (such as musical or pictorial) reproductions. At this point, the analysis focuses specifically on the Ars Poetica and follows the lines of its diffusion. It examines, ultimately, the Italian context, where the reception of this Latin work is directly related to the coeval linguistic debate. Famous Italian intellectuals as well as exponents of literary movements (for instance Arcadia), but also teachers – always interested in providing their students with a correct version of the text – and common admirers seem to strongly perceive Horace’s impact. As a conclusion for this article, which would be otherwise merely descriptive, a hypothesis is displayed, in order to try to explain the potential relation between the different reception contexts characterizing each of the two centuries considered. Indeed, according to the information available, an “educative lineage” from Arcadians to teachers can be noticed, which results in a continuity of interests.Il presente articolo si propone di seguire il percorso della tradizione dell’Epistola ai Pisoni di Orazio in Europa e in Italia tra Sette e Ottocento, con particolare attenzione al contesto storico-culturale di riferimento e agli specifici ambienti di ricezione. Il tema è certo ampio e necessiterebbe di una trattazione più distesa e articolata di quella che questa sede può offrire: la prospettiva sarà, dunque, limitata ad alcune specifiche considerazioni sull’argomento. Il lavoro si sofferma primariamente sui diversi meccanismi di traduzione e ripresa che interessano l’opera oraziana tutta. Tra questi si rintracciano molteplici filoni: a partire dalla ricerca biografica, passando attraverso la vivace sfera dell’imitazione e della parodia, per approdare alle rielaborazioni musicale e pittorica. L’analisi giunge così a concentrarsi in particolare sull’Ars poetica, della quale si seguono le fila della diffusione e si ripercorrono gli episodi della fortuna in Italia, dove la ricezione dell’opera si lega alla questione linguistica ai tempi estremamente attuale. Sensibili all’influsso oraziano si rivelano tanto grandi nomi del panorama culturale italiano, quanto intere correnti letterarie, come l’Arcadia, oltre a docenti – sempre più interessati a una corretta lettura dell’opera da parte dei propri studenti – nonché semplici amatori. Funge, infine, da addentellato di uno studio che sarebbe, altrimenti, meramente descrittivo, un’ipotesi in merito a un possibile legame tra gli ambienti di diffusione dell’Ars poetica tipici di ciascuno dei due secoli. Dall’analisi condotta sui dati disponibili si evidenzia, infatti, una continuità di interessi tra arcadici e docenti riconducibile a una “discendenza educativa” di questi ultimi dai primi

    Gli interessi storico-artistici di Francesco Saverio Quadrio

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    The article addresses the historical-artistic interests of the scholar and historian Francesco Saverio Quadrio (Ponte in Valtellina 1695-Milan 1756). Quadrio is known especially for his research history of the poetry and his studies on his native land, the Valtellina. In his books he has collected and combined various information on artists and works of art. Not all the information he has collected is reliable, but his studies were nevertheless one of the sources for updating important volumes for their great international circulation, such as the studies of Johann Caspar Füssli or the famous Dictionary of Painters Pilkington. An effort has been made to understand Quadrio’s working method, investigating the origin of his hypotheses, but also the effects of these in successive historiography.L’articolo affronta gli interessi storico-artistici del letterato e storico Francesco Saverio Quadrio (Ponte in Valtellina 1695-Milano 1756), noto soprattutto per i suoi studi sulla storia della poesia e della sua terra natale, la Valtellina. Nei suoi libri Quadrio ha raccolto e combinato diverse informazioni anche su artisti e opere d’arte. Non tutte le notizie raccolte sono affidabili, ma i suoi studi sono comunque stati una delle fonti per l’aggiornamento di volumi importanti per la loro grande diffusione internazionale, come gli studi di Johann Caspar Füssli o il famoso Dictionary of Painters Pilkington. Si è perciò cercato di comprendere il metodo di lavoro di Quadrio, indagando l’origine delle sue ipotesi, ma anche gli effetti di queste nella storiografia successiva

    Debora De Fazio e Pierluigi Ortolano, La lingua dei Meme, Carocci, Roma, 2023.

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    Filosofia e poesia in Romano Romani

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    What is real in hyperrealism? Pictorial representation and layers of the visible

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    American hyperrealist painting is one of the most famous phenomena of American culture in general, but also one of the most difficult to fit into the art-historical canon. Hyperrealism causes difficulties in interpretation because it is placed between traditional mimetic painting skills and the imaginary of American popular culture. In this article, we will suggest that hyperrealism may be evaluated as primarily a philosophical problem of the understanding of reality and its transformation into a pictorial surface. We will try to foreground the neglected possibility that the “excess of the real” in a painting can be in some allegorical function: as the opposite of reality, in other words, as an absence rather than a presence. Moreover, we will point out the twofold contingency of the hyperrealist pictures: as a philosophical platform for the study of pictorial representation on the one hand and as an evidence that there is no universal theory of pictorial depiction that would establish a connection between extra-pictorial reality and representation on the other. The article will analyze why hyperrealism as an artistic style is not crucially defined by the problem of mimesis, but rather by the problem of (dis)continuity in regard to reality. Instead of asking why hyperrealist paintings are so close to human perception of the world, we try to unveil consequences of its playing on the edges of complex systems such as representation, depiction, similarity, imagination, simulation and recognition. Referring to the aspects of reality in painting, photography and conceptual art we will consider to what extent theory can influence a seemingly straightforward artistic phenomenon to gain a different kind of relevance, while providing insights into the possibilities of viewing hyperrealist paintings as both part of the cultural imaginary and philosophical objects.American hyperrealist painting is one of the most famous phenomena of American culture in general, but also one of the most difficult to fit into the art-historical canon. Hyperrealism causes difficulties in interpretation because it is placed between traditional mimetic painting skills and the imaginary of American popular culture. In this article, we will suggest that hyperrealism may be evaluated as primarily a philosophical problem of the understanding of reality and its transformation into a pictorial surface. We will try to foreground the neglected possibility that the “excess of the real” in a painting can be in some allegorical function: as the opposite of reality, in other words, as an absence rather than a presence. Moreover, we will point out the twofold contingency of the hyperrealist pictures: as a philosophical platform for the study of pictorial representation on the one hand and as an evidence that there is no universal theory of pictorial depiction that would establish a connection between extra-pictorial reality and representation on the other. The article will analyze why hyperrealism as an artistic style is not crucially defined by the problem of mimesis, but rather by the problem of (dis)continuity in regard to reality. Instead of asking why hyperrealist paintings are so close to human perception of the world, we try to unveil consequences of its playing on the edges of complex systems such as representation, depiction, similarity, imagination, simulation and recognition. Referring to the aspects of reality in painting, photography and conceptual art we will consider to what extent theory can influence a seemingly straightforward artistic phenomenon to gain a different kind of relevance, while providing insights into the possibilities of viewing hyperrealist paintings as both part of the cultural imaginary and philosophical objects

    Stato e odierne prospettive sul debito

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    Status and current perspectives on debt ABSTRACT: Ours is a world balanced precariously between hopelessly opposing forces. In such a world the long-standing and noble battle for the elimination of illegitimate debt has little hope of success. Action must be taken on the causes but do we have the capacity and the tools? This question is attempted to be answered in the five paragraphs of this update article, reiterating with further arguments the need for the United Nations General Assembly to request an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice on the consistency and adequacy of existing rules. It is appropriate to refer for the premises to an earlier article on the subject, entitled Holy See and illegitimate debt. The path to the International Court of Justice (2015-2022). SOMMARIO: 1. Coltivare la speranza in un mondo migliore - 2. L’alternativa alla violenza nella svolta latinoamericana - 3. L’improbabile via statunitense - 4. La via italiana oggi - 5. Esiste un futuro per la via africana sul debito

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