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    Rivista Tinta

    Il contributo della riflessione bioetica alla gender equality

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    Bioethics organized as an institutional discipline has given a relevant contribution to the identification of the critical aspects of the traditional, paternalistic relationship between doctors and patients. In this paradigm, patients are passive addressees of decisions concerning their health and life. The different bioethical paths that have contributed to defining the current model of care focused on patients’ autonomy have been enriched with the feminist perspective and the reflection on the ethic of care. The feminist bioethics has highlighted the need for overcoming the view of an abstract patient and for considering her in the concrete dimension of existence, with her differences and specific needs. The focus on the peculiar female condition has promoted a general reconfiguration of the category of vulnerable subjects in medicine. The paper will try to explain the main steps of this analysis.La riflessione bioetica, organizzata in disciplina istituzionalizzata, ha dato un rilevante contributo all’identificazione delle criticità della tradizionale relazione di cura in chiave paternalistica, che vede il paziente come destinatario passivo di decisioni sulla propria salute e sulla propria esistenza. Le diverse vie, che la bioetica ha percorso nel definire l’attuale modello di cura in cui il paziente ha il diritto di esercitare la propria autonomia, si sono arricchite della visione femminista e dell’etica della cura. La bioetica femminista ha messo in luce la necessità di una configurazione del paziente come soggetto calato nella concreta dimensione del vivere, con le sue differenze e le sue specifiche esigenze. Dando voce alle specificità della condizione femminile ha posto le basi per una generale riconfigurazione della categoria dei soggetti vulnerabili in medicina. Nel presente contributo, si cercherà di percorrere i principali passaggi di questo percorso di analisi

    Una società scientifica contro le mafie

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    This contribution focuses on the role that SISMA, the learned society on mafias and anti-mafias, can play in the academic context. Three expected functions are emphasised: enhancing the interdisciplinary and potentially transdisciplinary matrix of research; deepening conceptual analysis as a prerequisite for grasping causal links with contiguous phenomena; the necessary link with anti-mafia policies, as the potential core for the creation of an epistemic community.Questo contributo si concentra sul ruolo che SISMA, la società scientifica di studi su mafie e antimafia, può svolgere nel contesto accademico. Se ne evidenziano tre possibili funzioni: valorizzare la matrice interdisciplinare e potenzialmente transdisciplinare della ricerca; approfondire l’analisi concettuale come premessa per cogliere i nessi causali con fenomeni ad essa contigui; il legame necessario con le politiche antimafia, quale potenziale nucleo costitutivo di una comunità epistemica

    Sulla nuova edizione del «Giornale di guerra e di prigionia», «Il castello di Udine» e altre questioni gaddiane

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    Il saggio prende in esame la recente edizione del Giornale di guerra e di prigionia di Carlo Emilio Gadda (Adelphi 2023), a cura di Paola Italia, mettendone in luce le novità e le differenze rispetto al testo critico procurato da Dante Isella (Garzanti 1992). I quaderni riemersi nel 2019, redatti da Gadda nel novembre-dicembre 1918 durante la prigionia a Celle Lager, rivelano dati cruciali sul suo rapporto conflittuale con Ugo Betti e sulle connessioni tra il Giornale e le prose belliche del Castello di Udine (Edizioni di Solaria 1934).   Delving Into the New Edition of Carlo Emilio Gadda’s “Giornale di guerra e di prigionia” and its Relation to “Il castello di Udine” and Other Works The essay examines the latest edition of Carlo Emilio Gadda’s Giornale di guerra e di prigionia (Adelphi 2023), curated by Paola Italia, highlighting its innovations and differences compared to the critical text provided by Dante Isella (Garzanti 1992). The notebooks, unearthed in 2019 and penned by Gadda during his imprisonment in Celle Lager in November-December 1918, unveil crucial insights into his conflicted relationship with Ugo Betti and the interrelations between the Giornale and the war-related prose later collected in Il castello di Udine (Edizioni di Solaria 1934)

    Come perenne metamorfosi. Orazio Costa e la mimesi

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    Orazio Costa, theater director and teacher for over thirty years at the National Academy of Dramatic Arts in Rome, is the author of a pedagogical system called mimic method. It consisted of a theory and a practice aimed at revitalizing the concept of mimesis. The practice included exercises on identification with natural phenomena, necessary for staging dramas respectful of human nature and poetic inspiration. While Avant-gardes rejected art as imitation of an object, and the new theatrical forms refused the value of the dramaturgical text within the performance, Costa defended the role of literature and the representation of human events in the theatrical ritual. Despite the accusations of traditionalism, his idea of mimesis is absolutely in line with the twentieth- century reception of the notion. Like authors such as Benjamin, Adorno, Ricoeur, the director has analyzed mimesis as an innate behavior, and he based his aesthetic positions on this conception. For Costa, art is the wonderful metaphor of the encounter between the individual and nature, which pushes towards forms of expressions comprehensible to the community.Orazio Costa, theater director and teacher for over thirty years at the National Academy of Dramatic Arts in Rome, is the author of a pedagogical system called mimic method. It consisted of a theory and a practice aimed at revitalizing the concept of mimesis. The practice included exercises on identification with natural phenomena, necessary for staging dramas respectful of human nature and poetic inspiration. While Avant-gardes rejected art as imitation of an object, and the new theatrical forms refused the value of the dramaturgical text within the performance, Costa defended the role of literature and the representation of human events in the theatrical ritual. Despite the accusations of traditionalism, his idea of mimesis is absolutely in line with the twentieth- century reception of the notion. Like authors such as Benjamin, Adorno, Ricoeur, the director has analyzed mimesis as an innate behavior, and he based his aesthetic positions on this conception. For Costa, art is the wonderful metaphor of the encounter between the individual and nature, which pushes towards forms of expressions comprehensible to the community

    Los memorialistas de la bohemia (1903-1924)

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    Son muy escasas las memorias de quienes han sido considerados componentes de la bohemia en España. Se trata de mostrar un panorama de cómo integraron ese mundo en los recuerdos de su peripecia personal. También, de espigar las motivaciones y los puntos en común, que denotan una coincidencia en el gusto por la transgresión, reflejo del Modernismo. Zamacois, Bonafoux, Dicenta y Gómez Carrillo, tres de ellos nacidos en la América española, fueron los pioneros cuyas memorias se repasan por orden de aparición, incidiendo en las noticias que ofrecen de su relación con la cohorte bohemia. Con menos extensión, se hace un recorrido, también cronológico, por las memorias y diarios de otros autores (Ortiz de Pinedo, Buscarini, Blanco-Fombona, Gómez de la Serna y Noel).  There are very few memoirs of those who have been considered components of bohemian life in Spain. The aim of this article is to give an overview of how they have integrated this world into their personal memories and, also, to glean their motivations and points in common, which denote a coincidence in the taste for transgression as a reflection of Modernism.  Zamacois, Bonafoux, Dicenta and Gómez Carrillo, three of them born in Spanish America, were the pioneers whose memoirs are here reviewed following the order of their appearance so to highlight some details about their relationship with the bohemian cohort. We also offer a less in-depth chronological analysis of the memoirs and diaries of other authors such as Ortiz de Pinedo, Buscarini, Blanco-Fombona, Gómez de la Serna and Noel. Son muy escasas las memorias de quienes han sido considerados componentes de la bohemia en España. Se trata de mostrar un panorama de cómo integraron ese mundo en los recuerdos de su peripecia personal. También, de espigar las motivaciones y los puntos en común, que denotan una coincidencia en el gusto por la transgresión, reflejo del Modernismo. Zamacois, Bonafoux, Dicenta y Gómez Carrillo, tres de ellos nacidos en la América española, fueron los pioneros cuyas memorias se repasan por orden de aparición, incidiendo en las noticias que ofrecen de su relación con la cohorte bohemia. Con menos extensión, se hace un recorrido, también cronológico, por las memorias y diarios de otros autores (Ortiz de Pinedo, Buscarini, Blanco-Fombona, Gómez de la Serna y Noel). 

    Correlation between Physical Activity Time Reported by the IPAQ and Accelerometer in Syrian Adults

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    Background: The accelerometer and self-report questionnaires have been recommended as efficient methods to measure physical activity (PA). The aim of this work is to investigate issues associated with PA assessment using the ActiGraph WGT3X-BT (AG) accelerometer and the Syrian version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short form (IPAQ-SF-SY) in adults living in Damascus city.Methods: A sample of 52 (age 18- 60 years) Syrian men (17) and women (35) in a cross-sectional study wore the AG accelerometer for seven days and completed the IPAQ-SF-SY on the seventh day. Total PA, time spends in standing and sitting assessed by IPAQ-SF-SY and AG accelerometer were compared.Results: The IPAQ-SF-SY overestimates PA time among Syrian adults. IPAQ-SF-SY reported more time of total PA [763(660) vs 607(149) min, p=0.003], vigorous PA [29(1) vs 1(0.2) min, p=0.524], moderate PA [94(76) vs 42(22) min, p=0.032], MVPA [122(106) vs 43(22) min, p=0.019], and significantly less sedentary time than AG accelerometer [447(180) vs 643(93) min, p=0.728], mean (SD) respectively. Some differences were noticed in the correlations by gender, age, BMI, education statues, and smoking for PA and sedentary behavior (SB). For all correlations, there were no significant differences between sub groups.Conclusions: Data suggest that it is important to improve the specificity and sensitivity of the IPAQ-SF-SY with Arabic-speaking subjects and further study is needed to approve the utilization of PA self-report in Arabic

    Genealogia di uno schema esistenziale: la figura dello Schlemihl in Rahel Varnhagen, Hannah Arendt e Lea Ritter Santini

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    Il presente contributo mira a gettare luce sulla figura ebraica dello Schlemihl, per come questa è venuta ad assumere, nei discorsi di Rahel Varnhagen, Hannah Arendt e Lea Ritter Santini, la funzione extra-letteraria di dispositivo di riconoscimento e schema esistenziale. È nella triangolazione dei discorsi e delle vite di queste tre intellettuali appartenenti, ognuna a suo modo, alla cultura tedesca, che la figura dello Schlemihl ha esemplarmente dispiegato la sua forza genetica, come metafora di un destino in cui, fin dal momento del suo apparire letterario nella società dei salotti berlinesi di primo Ottocento grazie ad Adelbert von Chamisso, hanno riconosciuto se stesse coloro che hanno dovuto ritagliare la propria vita sul fondamento dello sradicamento e di una esclusione primigenia. In quella che potrebbe essere compresa come una vera e propria genealogia, il riferirsi allo Schlemihl di Rahel Varnhagen, Hannah Arendt e Lea Ritter Santini restituisce il senso comune di uno sfaccettato subire e agire lo sradicamento, entro la cornice di un discorso prismatico – sotto forma di lettere, saggi e poesie – che nel nutrirsi di vita e pensiero ha saputo raccontare la marginalità nelle sue forme differenti e contigue.The purpose of this contribution is to shed light on the Jewish figure of the Schlemihl, in terms of how it has come to assume, in the discourses of Rahel Varnhagen, Hannah Arendt and Lea Ritter Santini, the extra-literary function of a recognition device and existential schema. It is in the triangulation of the speeches and lives of these three intellectuals, each in her own way belonging to German culture, that the figure of Schlemihl has exemplarily unfolded its genetic force, as a metaphor for a destiny in which, from the moment of its literary appearance in the society of early 19th-century Berlin salons thanks to Adelbert von Chamisso, those who had to carve out their lives on the basis of uprooting and a primal exclusion recognised themselves. In what could be understood as a genealogy, the reference to the Schlemihl of Rahel Varnhagen, Hannah Arendt and Lea Ritter Santini conveys the shared sense of a multifaceted undergoing and acting on uprooting, within the framework of a prismatic discourse - in the form of letters, essays and poems - that in feeding on life and thought has been able to recount marginality in its different and contiguous forms

    Collo, spalla, pancia, piede. Riflessioni sull’anatomia del vaso

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    This paper deals with one of the most transversal phenomena in numerous languages, both ancient and modern: the designation of the different parts of a vase with the same lexicon used for the parts of the human body. Focusing on four of the most commonly used modern languages in archaeological bibliography (Italian, English, French and German) and on the two classical languages par excellence (Greek and Latin), the work provides an overview of the lexicon used and the metaphors or rhetorical figures that include the figure of the vase and its parts in the ancient and modern world. In a second moment, case studies are presented, again referring to the ancient and contemporary world: on the one hand, the association of vases with the human body in archaic Greece and the case of the Etruscan canopic vessels; on the other hand, the exceptional examples of the production of anthropomorphic vases or the complete assimilation of some Central African peoples (Yungur, Mafa and Bulahay) between ceramics and the human body in the surface treatment. This article concludes by proposing some interpretative hypotheses of the phenomenon, the basic elements of which can be found both in certain cosmogonic narratives of antiquity and in the studies of cognitive linguistics of recent decades.Questo contributo prende in considerazione uno dei fenomeni più trasversali a numerose lingue, antiche e moderne: la designazione delle diverse parti di un vaso con lo stesso lessico impiegato per le parti del corpo umano. Il lavoro si concentra su quattro tra le lingue moderne più utilizzate nella bibliografia archeologica (italiano, inglese, francese e tedesco) e sulle due lingue classiche per eccellenza (greco e latino), offrendo una panoramica del lessico utilizzato e delle metafore o figure retoriche che nel mondo antico e moderno includono la figura del vaso e le sue parti. In un secondo momento vengono presentati dei casi studio relativi, a loro volta, all’antichità e alla contemporaneità: da un lato, l’associazione dei vasi al corpo umano nella Grecia arcaica e il caso dei canopi etruschi; dall’altro, gli esempi straordinari di produzione di vasi antropomorfi o di assimilazione completa nel trattamento superficiale tra ceramica e corpo umano di alcune popolazioni centro-africane (Yungur, Mafa e Bulahay). A conclusione di questo articolo vengono proposte alcune ipotesi interpretative del fenomeno, i cui elementi fondativi possono essere ritrovati sia in alcuni racconti cosmogonici tipici del mondo antico, sia negli studi di linguistica cognitiva degli ultimi decenni.&nbsp

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