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    Pengaruh faktor situasi terhadap amalan tingkah laku kitar semula dalam kalangan pelajar tingkatan enam di daerah Beaufort, Sabah

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    Kegagalan dalam menguruskan sisa pepejal boleh mengakibatkan kemerosotan sumber alam sekitar. Bagi mengurangkan penggunaan sumber asli, guna semula barangan perlu menjadi salah satu kaedah yang boleh diamalkan. Program kitar semula sering dijadikan antara aktiviti bagi menggalak dan mendidik masyarakat mengenai penggunaan semula barangan. Walaupun kesedaran pengguna sedikit sebanyak mulai meningkat melalui program tersebut, namun penyertaan dalam kitar semula masih rendah. Objektif kertas kerja ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti pengaruh faktor situasi terhadap tingkah laku kitar semula. Kajian ini akan menggunakan data yang diperoleh melalui tinjauan terhadap 259 pelajar yang terpilih secara persampelan rawak mudah dari tujuh buah pusat tingkatan enam dalam daerah Beaufort, Sabah, Malaysia. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferens (korelasi dan regresi). Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa min tahap situasi adalah berada pada tahap sederhana manakala amalan tingkah laku kitar semula berada pada tahap tinggi. Hasil analisis korelasi (Pearson) pula menunjukkan faktor situasi mempunyai hubungan yang signifikan terhadap tingkah laku kitar semula pada tahap yang sederhana. Selain itu, faktor situasi juga memberi pengaruh yang signifikan kepada amalan tingkah laku kitar semula di rumah namun pada tahap sederhana. Penemuan ini mempunyai implikasi yang ketara khasnya bagi memberi maklumat yang lebih tepat berkenaan faktor yang mempengaruhi amalan kitar semula. Hasil kajian ini dapat digunakan untuk menjana idea dan cadangan untuk meningkatkan amalan dan tingkah laku pro-alam sekitar yang menyokong kitar semula dalam kalangan pelajar sekolah

    Eastward bound: Exploring the enigmatic trade of Japanese Red Seal ships in Southeast Asia during the 15th to 17th century

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    This research aims to examine the historical influence of the Japanese Red Seal ship trade on Southeast Asia during the early modern era. This study investigates the historical origins, underlying reasons, and subsequent consequences of the Red Seal ship system for both Japan and the Southeast Asian nations that participated in it. This study centres on the trade routes of these ships within Southeast Asia, with a particular emphasis on notable destinations such as Indochina, Siam, the Philippines, Cambodia, and Tonkin (present-day Vietnam). This study aims to analyse the dynamics of commerce among Japanese merchants, Southeast Asian cultures, and European colonial powers, with a specific focus on the impact of such trade on local markets and economies in Southeast Asia and Japan. This study aims to fully comprehend the Japanese Red Seal ship trade in Southeast Asia through a meticulous analysis of historical records, archival materials, and existing scholarly works. This study significantly enhances our comprehension of Japan’s early modern international trade and its interrelations with Southeast Asia, illuminating the regional dynamics’ intricacies during that particular era. In summary, this analysis underscores the considerable importance of the Red Seal ship trade in Japan’s involvement with Southeast Asia, its extensive economic ramifications, and its central role in influencing diplomatic ties among Japan, Southeast Asian nations, and Western colonial powers during that specific era

    Perkembangan Pendidikan Teknikal dan Vokasional (TVET), Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), 1968-2020

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    Kajian ini mengetengahkan perkembangan Pendidikan dan Latihan Teknikal dan Vokasional atau singkatannya iaitu TVET (Technical and Vocational Education Training) di bawah kelolaan Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA). Pendidikan dan Latihan Teknikal dan Vokasional menggunakan metod pendidikan dan latihan yang cenderung ke arah pekerjaan yang mengutamakan amalan industri dalam pelbagai bidang berkaitan. TVET dikatakan menjadi pencetus dalam penghasilan modal insan yang berdaya saing dan berkemahiran tinggi sekaligus golongan ini mampu membawa kepada pembangunan ekonomi negara khususnya. MARA telah bertindak menubuhkan pelbagai institusi berunsurkan TVET bagi memenuhi keperluan golongan berkemahiran tinggi. Perbincangan difokuskan kepada sejauhmanakah pendidikan di bawah Institusi Pendidikan MARA (IPMa) TVET mampu memberi impak yang besar kepada negara. Objektif kajian adalah untuk menjelaskan program yang dilaksanakan, cabaran yang dihadapi oleh pihak MARA memperkasakan TVET dalam kalangan Bumiputera serta langkah yang diambil dalam menangani cabaran tersebut. Pendekatan kaedah penyelidikan yang dilaksanakan adalah secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif di mana kajian ini khususnya melibatkan sumber primer dan sumber sekunder. Sumber primer, diakses di Arkib Negara dan Arkib MARA. Oleh yang demikian, bagi menampung kelompangan sumber primer daripada Arkib MARA, kajian lapangan berbentuk temubual bersemuka dilakukan. Kajian ini dapat mengenal pasti program yang dilaksanakan, isu dan cabaran dalam memperkasakan TVET di negara kita. Maka, golongan berkemahiran tinggi dalam pelbagai bidang dapat dihasilkan sekaligus dapat memenuhi keperluan pasaran sepenuhnya. Sumber tenaga mahir dalam pelbagai bidang mampu mengangkat negara kita seiring bersama negara-negara moden yang lain sekaligus meletakkan negara menuju ke arah sebuah negara berpendapatan tinggi

    Green shadows: exploring tropes of ecophobia in jean rhys’ wide sargasso sea

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    E. O. Wilson commented that phobia is not innately present but acquired. The article highlights how the fear of nature shapes the cultural and social behaviours of Man. Wide Sargasso Sea, written by Jean Rhys, primarily portrayed as a postcolonial response to Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre, is replete with gothic imagery. Fear and anxiety of nature are commonly found as the centre of Gothicised texts throughout literary history, wreathing concerns of ecophobia, a term used by Simon Estok to define this irrational traumatic response to the natural. The article aims to explore tropes of ecophobia, fear of nature, through the two main protagonists of the novel- Rochester and Antoinette. The EcoGothic reverberations in the text highlight intersections between the biophilic human psyche and the contrasting colonial upbringing that develop into an aversion towards Nature and its subjects. The article draws from concepts of colonialism and Gothic shifting focus towards EcoGothic, ensuing the ecological destruction. Further, it discusses tropes of ecophobia which is also a trajectory of the related aversion to otherness. Ecophobic tendencies tune themselves into destruction, manipulation and domination, hastening climate degradation. The world in contemporary times suffers from anxiety related to the altering changes in the environment, and the article attempts to briefly decode the reasons for this disconnect while also putting the theories of ecophobia at the forefront in attempt to re-analyse postcolonial texts

    Patriarchal oppression in palestinian society through the institution of marriage in the novel of Noble Origins by Sahar Khalifeh

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    The institution of marriage prescribes different norms for men and women. Patriarchal and heterosexual marriage expects husband and wife to follow their set gender roles which is an inseparable part of this institution. It works in a hierarchy. The Palestinian novelist Sahar Khalifeh, who hails from the West Bank, condemns the hypocrisy of the institution of traditional marriage that oppresses women in Arab society. In her literary narratives, Khalifeh portrays the traditions and customs of Arab society which act as weapons of oppression against women. In her works, she demonstrates that it is the customs and traditional practices imposed on women that are oppressive rather than religion. The objective of the paper is to dissect the way in which the institution of marriage largely supports and upholds the patriarchal and neopatriarchal values even in an ostensibly revolutionary population such as the Palestinian society by focusing on one of the Arabic novels of Khalifeh - Of Noble Origins translated into English. This paper examines the patriarchal norms of male dominance in public spheres and also highlights how the Palestinian women resist these sexist ideologies prevailing in their society. Thus, the study of Khalifeh’s narratives in this paper is two-pronged: first, to analyse how male domination works, and second, to scrutinize how the women in her novels find ways to respond to the multi-level patriarchal domination. The paper includes a theoretical framework comprising patriarchy, neopatriarchy and male gaze. Keywords: patriarchy; neopatriarchy; gender discrimination; institution of marriage; Sahar Khalife

    The linguistic landscape of “controversial”: sentiment and theme distribution insights

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    The language used to frame controversial topics on social media has profound implications for public discourse and opinion formation, warranting a close examination of their sentiment and thematic distribution. This study investigates the sentiment and themes associated with controversial topics by analyzing Reddit posts containing the token “controversial” in their titles on three news-related subreddits, aiming to bridge a gap in existing literature by focusing on platform-specific sentiment analysis with an emphasis on content typology. A mixed-methods NLP approach instrumented via Python was employed, combining VADER-supported sentiment analysis and a qualitative content analysis using n-grams to identify and categorize themes. The sentiment analysis results indicated that most of the content had neutral sentiment, which testifies to the predominantly fact-based approach to presenting information with lack of strong emotional connotations. However, the overall compound sentiment scores were negative, which suggests a strong negative undertone in the framing of controversial topics. The theme distribution analysis revealed that Politics and Legislation was the most predominant theme, followed by Technology and Surveillance, Social Issues and Controversies, Health and Medicine, and Environment and Energy. This distribution attests to a range of societal issues that generate controversy on social media platforms. Study findings can be used by content creators and social media analysts to track online content sentiment, guide content moderation practices, and improve audience engagement. By demonstrating the potential of NLP techniques, this study also contributes to the fields of media research and language technology, which can encourage a better scholarly evaluation of online discourse

    Properties for certain class of p- valent functions related to Jackson’s operator

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    An inspiration from the fundamentals of (r,q) calculus to introduce an innovative subclass within the T(p) category of multivalent analytic functions, located within the confines of the open unit disk, is subjected to examination. The establishment of the subclass was achieved by employing Jackson’s derivative operator to enhance the comprehension of these analytical functions. This article began by investigating and establishing adequate criteria that dictate the inclusion of functions within this recently introduced subclass. To achieve this, a comprehensive coefficient characterization to facilitate a deeper comprehension of the subclass’s properties and behavior is derived. Further, various pertinent results that contribute to the broader understanding of the functions belonging to this subclass are explored. The findings and implications of these results are elucidated, underscoring the potential significance of this work in advancing the field of multivalent analytic functions and their applications. In conclusion, this paper broadens the scope of T(p) and sheds light on the distinct characteristics exhibited by the functions in this newly introduced subclass. This work sets the stage for further exploration and applications of (r,q) calculus and Jackson’s derivative operator in the domain of multivalent analytic functions

    Perubahan Dasar Pertahanan Malaysia terhadap China daripada perspektif tawar-menawar perkhidmatan awam

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    Interaksi antara kleptokrasi, tawar-menawar perkhidmatan awam, dan penggubalan dasar pertahanan masih belum diterokai secara komprehensif dalam kajian literatur sedia ada. Maka, apabila kerajaan Malaysia di era Najib Razak memesatkan hubungan ketenteraan dengan China susulan skandal 1MDB, di sebalik tindak-tanduk China menuntut perairan Malaysia dan melakukan siri pencerobohan tentera laut ke dalam wilayah negara, telah memberikan peluang untuk menganalisis fenomena sedemikian. Objektif kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji taktik kleptokrat daripada perspektif tawar-menawar perkhidmatan awam dalam mengalihkan strategi ketenteraan pro-Barat Malaysia dengan tekanan yang dikenakan oleh Amerika Syarikat dan tarikan rasuah strategik yang dilakukan oleh China terhadap kepentingan kleptokratik Najib Razak. Melalui metodologi kualitatif menerusi temu bual bersama aktoraktor penting dan data sekunder, dapatan kajian ini mendapati manipulasi tawar-menawar perkhidmatan awam ialah pembolehubah penting yang memberi kesan kepada dasar pertahanan kleptokrat. Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahawa usaha Najib menukar bentuk hubungan tawar-menawar perkhidmatan awam Malaysia daripada sistem pemegang amanah kepada sistem tawar-menawar kleptokratik telah membawa kepada pemesatan dasar pertahanan Malaysia terhadap China. Implikasi kajian ini cukup signifikan dalam memahami perubahan dasar pertahanan luar negeri dari perspektif tawar-menawar perkhidmatan awam

    The evolving social media strategies of politicians in Malaysia: a critical review

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    Scholars were optimistic about social media as a tool to reintroduce deliberative democracy. One of the features allows users to express their thoughts and participate in political discussions without being monitored or restricted by the government. It is crucial that politicians also change their communication strategies, including adaptation of social media platforms, to effectively communicate their ideas to their constituents. This study has three objectives. First, it aims to examine the evolution of political strategies used by politicians from conventional media to social media. Second, this study examines the soundbytes that are most popular in the Malaysian context. Third, we seek to understand the perception of ‘media freedom’ amongst politicians and members of the media. Using in-depth interviews with politicians from both sides – the current government and the opposition – this study concludes that Malaysian politicians use social media primarily to portray themselves as people who are loyal to their partners and family, and very religious. Less emphasis is paid on major macro and micro policy debates over social media

    RT5ELinkages of peatland degradation and rural poverty in development scenarios of peatland restoration

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    Currently, peatland degradation continues due to drainage for industrial plants (Oil palm and Acacia), so their productivity continues to decline and rural communities are very dependent on peatlands, hence the poverty problem in rural areas remains unresolved. Due to a lack of government policies that adequately recognize the benefits and functions of peatland ecosystems, it seems that the government is adopting a hierarchical and structured approach to planning and permitting peatland degradation, which is contingent upon the growth of rural economic development within these communities. This research aims to analyze the relationship between peatland degradation and rural poverty in peatland restoration development scenarios. This research was conducted between 2020 and 2023 in South Sumatra, Indonesia and the data collected was analyzed using qualitative methods. The real facts indicated that government policies were more in favor of large investors (not rural communities). In these circumstances, rural communities typically operated by the tenet of "first come, first served," making illicit logging and slash-and-burn farming acceptable forms of livelihood. Therefore, in this research compiling concepts and linkages of agricultural land degradation and rural poverty is the way to solve the problems. The government needs to restore them utilizing three key development scenarios, namely revegetation; revitalization; and empowering local farmers

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