University of Akron

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    9429 research outputs found

    Exploring Artifacts and Documents in Collective Creativity Workshops Applied to Future Studies

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    In a context of uncertainty, organizations use creativity methods to anticipate future challenges in relations with the long-term evolutions of the society. These approaches consist in bringing together people with complementary points of view to multiply the diversity of ideas. This paper focuses on the process of transformation and selection of ideas and artifacts from a collective perspective in the unprecedented circumstances that occurred during the pandemic. We question how ideas are grounded in the documents and artifacts produced at the key moments of the creative process from the perspective of the facilitators and the participants. In this paper we aim to understand the artifacts and documents involved in the creative process by means of the “Semiotics of Cooperative Transactions” theory (Zacklad, 2020). We use the concept of cooperative transactions by Dewey (Zacklad, 2020). A transaction is an abstract structure that manifests itself through a series of conversations and interactions that facilitate cooperation (Zacklad, 2020). We differentiate an artifact from a document that lasts beyond the creative process. And we identified barriers to the perpetuation of originality

    Faculty Senate Chronicle April 4, 2024

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    Minutes for the regular meeting of The University of Akron Faculty Senate on April 4, 2024

    Sugardale Marketing Research - Group 5

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    Sugardale research findings for group

    What Is a Lesbian Document? Platforming Archival Description, Documents, and History in Sweden

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    As Joanna Drucker (2014) convincingly argues, “Most information visualizations are acts of interpretation masquerading as presentation (p. 10). This article investigates the visuality and built-in argumentations of the Alvin interface for digitized Swedish cultural heritage, focusing on how the platform defines a document and the effects this definition has on the accessibility and interconnectedness of documents related to lesbian and feminist histories. This paper addresses how (failed) systematization and an emphasis on large quantities of documents and metadata breathes new life into outdated historiographies and renders documents and information related to feminist and lesbian histories and connections between these histories invisible. In doing so, platforms reinstitute divisions and stereotypes about feminist and lesbian history criticized by Adrienne Rich in her seminal essay “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence.” Platform designers must begin to take seriously queer and feminist researchers\u27 emphasis on context and the need to build flexibility, interconnectivity across private/public boundaries, fuzziness, and incompleteness into cultural heritage platforms from the outset

    Revisiting Robert Pagès: Documents and Culture

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    An introduction to the life and work of Robert Pagès (1919–2007), French social psychology researcher and theorist of documentation. From 1946 to 1948 Pagès was a student in the program in documentation directed by Suzanne Briet that later became the Institut National des Techniques de Documentation (INTD). A 1947 thesis was published in 1948 as an article entitled “Transformations documentaires et milieu culturel” (Documentary transformations and cultural context). It received little attention until recently. The article, now reprinted and translated, examines the rise of new media and how they have largely displaced lived experience and bookish knowledge in a society that has become increasingly planned and coordinated. A notable feature of this article is his distinction between unique, particular objects, which he called “autodocuments,” and specimens that are representative of whatever group they are specimens of. A second thesis of classification was published in 1955 as Problèmes de classification culturelle et documentaire. Pagès founded and directed a laboratory for social psychology. He developed an indexing language (named CODOC) with interesting syntactic and notational characteristics for materials collected in the laboratory. Pagès writings and leftwing political activism are briefly noted

    Faculty Senate Chronicle March 7, 2024

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    Minutes for the regular meeting of The University of Akron Faculty Senate on March 7, 2024

    The Effects of Phoslock and Water Treatment Residual on Phosphate Concentration Levels and Phosphate Adsorption

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    Eutrophic, nutrient enriched water can induce adverse effects like harmful algal blooms (HABs) in aquatic ecosystems. Numerous studies have been conducted to control nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen in order to mitigate the growth rate of HABs. During the spring semester of 2023, a research project investigated if the bentonite clay product, Phoslock, was able to remove phosphorus when it was added to distilled water and surface water under laboratory conditions. The researchers noted potential deficiencies in Phoslock’s ability to decrease the concentration of phosphorus while maintaining the initial value of adsorbed phosphorus. Expanding from this past research, two additional four-week studies will be conducted this fall with the same water sources, Phoslock, and a water treatment residual (WTR). The water treatment residual was collected from a Northeast Ohio water treatment facility and contains potassium aluminum sulphate (alum) and powder activated carbon (PAC). The study will investigate the ability of 1.6 grams of WTR-Phoslock to remove various concentrations of phosphate. With the introduction of this new variable, researchers will note if the WTR improves Phoslock’s ability to adsorb phosphorus and reduce the concentration

    Faculty Senate Chronicle February 1, 2024

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    Minutes for the regular meeting of The University of Akron Faculty Senate on February 1, 202

    Beyond the Ban: One Major Challenge Facing the FTC Non-Compete Rule

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    This article analyzes the implications of President Biden\u27s Executive Order 14036 and the subsequent notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to ban non-compete agreements. It examines the legal basis for the NPRM, including Sections 5 and 6(g) of the FTC Act, and anticipates potential challenges to its implementation, most notably under the major questions doctrine. It explores the broader ramifications of the NPRM for labor and employment law, emphasizing its potential to reshape administrative agency regulation and the regulatory landscape. It concludes by analyzing the rule under the major questions doctrine and the possible outcomes of a challenge to the rule in its current form, which have the potential to fundamentally alter the current labor and employment law landscape and redefine the role of administrative agencies. *This article was awarded first prize in the 2023 Dr. Emanuel Stein and Kenneth Stein Memorial Law Student Writing Competition by the New York State Bar Association’s Labor and Employment Law Section

    High School Students\u27 Perceptions of Banned Books

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    This research study consisted of interviews with twelve students ages 14-18 at a Northeastern Ohio high school to determine their opinions regarding banned books and content restrictions in schools. With book bans increasing and becoming a divisive topic, many adult figures such as parents, politicians, educators, and school administrators have made their opinions known, but student perspectives are often disregarded. This study seeks to further the research on opinions of book bans by extending these questions to students to fill this gap in research and gain deeper insight into the perception of high school students in regard to school curriculum. There is a long withstanding history of literature restrictions in the United States, and it has continued today with many figures challenging texts utilized in the education system. Currently, the Board of Education, parents, and educators have the greatest control over the school curriculum, but students want to make their voices heard and be given the opportunity to impact their own education. These figures often speak for the students and make decisions without their input, leading to topics such as those relating to diversity, violence, sexual content, and profane language being frequently restricted. However, through these interviews, it has been found that most students have no issue with this subject matter, and the adults creating the curriculum have eliminated this content based on the false pretense that it will negatively impact adolescents. These students are old enough to speak for themselves, and they want to make their views known so that they can have control and exert influence over their own education to ensure that they have a positive, beneficial school experience with valuable literature

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