International Journal of Instruction
Not a member yet
    525 research outputs found

    Development and Validation of Alienation Scale for Secondary School Teachers to Find out Gender Differences in Alienation

    No full text
    Alienation is a psychological state in which a teacher feels and develops relatively loss of relationship with others. First and foremost, in the present study, it was found that the standardized Alienation Scale by Hardeo Ojha constructed in the year 2010 was appropriate in measuring alienation in general social context for adults above twenty one years of age and it required a few modifications to cater specifically in terms of secondary school teachers context which led to further developing and validating alienation scale on secondary school teachers. The psychometric properties of alienation of secondary school teachers were explored. The study assessed the level of alienation dimension-wise of two hundred secondary school teachers teaching in Punjab (India). The scale was made reliable and valid using Content validity, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, Average Variance Extracted, Composite Reliability. The reliability statistics using Cronbach’s alpha is greater than 0.80 of overall alienation scale (α=.878), social isolation (α=0.892), work alienation (α=0.869) and cultural estrangement (α=0.875) with average variance extracted greater than 0.40 and composite reliability greater than 0.70 for all the factors. Therefore, validity and reliability analysis showed that the scale possesses adequate homogeneity and internal consistency. Thus, the alienation scale can be considered appropriate to measure level of alienation of secondary school teachers. Secondly, for field testing the applicability of the developed and validated scale of alienation, it was administered on 500 secondary school teachers. The objective was to conduct comparative analysis of alienation and its dimensions with respect to gender. The findings revealed no significant difference with respect to gender in alienation, social isolation and cultural estrangement. Significant differences were found in case of work alienation wherein the female secondary school teachers were on the higher end in comparison to the male secondary school teachers

    Fijian Students’ Reactions to Required Fully Online Courses during Covid-19

    No full text
    The recent outbreak of the global pandemic COVID-19 required Fiji National University offer fully online courses, which is a new form of pedagogy for many students. This new form of learning benefitted many students but created obstacles for others. The purpose of this study was to investigate student perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of fully online courses due to the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey in the form of a semi-structured questionnaire was used to gather data from 138 students. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. The study found that fully online learning suits students during pandemics, natural disasters (flooding, cyclones), and political upheavals. Fully online learning also helps students who have permanent employment and have difficulty getting time off to attend face-to-face classes. It also helps maritime or remote students who have limited access to the main centre or helps lecturer/facilitator deliver instructions when he/she is out of a country or is far away. The study also confirmed that fully online learning requires robust internet connectivity and a sustainable power supply allowing students to assess course materials from the comfort of their homes at their own pace. The student's safety in terms of travel and transmission of diseases are maintained. Fully online learning classes also assist students in saving fuel costs and rushing to the classes

    Inclusive Education for Student with Special Needs at Indonesian Public Schools

    No full text
    The objective of the current study is to evaluate inclusive education services in public schools following the issuance of central and local government policies in Indonesia regarding the implementation of inclusive education. This study collected data from 47 teachers’ public schools in four cities (Malang, Batu, Solo, Boyolali) in Indonesia through questionnaires and interviews about their perception, identification, curriculum, academic staff, and management in inclusive education. Based on the results and discussions of the current study, it is concluded that the implementation of inclusive education showed a tendency towards a positive direction, especially agreement on the school administration, the provision of student education development records, the use of assessment results for modification of curriculum and learning. However, gradually improvements need to be made to create an inclusive environment, including increasing teachers understanding of the meaning of inclusive, completing student’s documentation of developmental records, gathering and evaluating pre-learning according to student characteristics, providing personnel and infrastructure according to the needs of developing the interests and talents of children with needs special needs

    Predictive Validity Study of Sustainable Leadership for Learning Questionnaire

    No full text
    The ultimate goal of this study is to test the validity of the newly developed Sustainable Leadership for Learning Questionnaire (SLLQ) in terms of predictive validity on teacher satisfaction towards teaching. Apart from that this study also to test the convergent and discriminant validity of SLLQ. To achieve the objective of the study, a cross-sectional survey design was utilized. A total of 190 teachers from national primary schools in Kedah, Malaysia was randomly selected to participate in this study. The Teaching Satisfaction Scale (TSS) were used to measure teachers’ satisfaction as criterion variable. Using PLS-SEM analysis, this study found that the Sustainable Leadership for Learning Questionnaire (SLLQ) is a valid questionnaire to predict teachers’ satisfaction towards teaching. This study has contributed to the establishment of newly constructed questionnaire namely SLLQ and also to the development of leadership literature in the context of primary school in Malaysia

    The Effectiveness of Problem-based learning with Local Wisdom oriented to Socio-Scientific Issues

    No full text
    The research aimed to know the effectiveness of problem-based learning combined with local wisdom in Acehnese called Hukum Adat Laȏt. The local wisdom is oriented to socio-scientific issues to improving conceptual knowledge and environmental literacy. This study adopted a quasi-experimental with pretestposttest control group design. In the experimental class, treatment was given using the problem-based learning model with local wisdom oriented to socio-scientific issues. In contrast, the control class was given by applying traditional learning. The population used in this study were all high school students in Aceh Besar, Indonesia. A cluster sampling technique is applied to obtain 54 students from the 2019/2020 academic year as samples. Data collection uses a test instrument conceptual knowledge and environmental literacy validated based on the Aiken index. Meanwhile, the instrument reliability is determined based on Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The data were analyzed by using Manova. The results indicate significant differences in the mean scores of the results related to conceptual knowledge and environmental literacy. The conclusion states that applying problem-based learning with local wisdom oriented to socio-scientific issues significantly impacts students’ conceptual knowledge and environmental literacy

    Accessible Flipped Classroom Model for Pronunciation Instruction: Its Effectiveness and Students’ Perception

    No full text
    The accessible Flipped classroom is a two-learning phase model that includes preclass and in-class learning phases accessible using standard information technology. The objectives of this study are to explore the effectiveness and investigate the students’ perceptions towards this model to see how the perceptions correlated with the success of the model. This study involved 59 sophomores (98.3% female and 1.7% male) between the ages of 20 to 21 from 2 English presentation classes at Walailak University. A pre-test / post-test were conducted to see the effectiveness, while a survey questionnaire of 22 closed-ended questions and 1 open-ended question was given to them at the end of the term of 12 weeks. The questions were classified into four aspects of perceptions: pre-class learning phase, in-class learning phase, word stress pronunciation, and the overall model. The results confirmed the effectiveness of this model as the average students’ posttest score (M: 8.38) was notably higher than their pre-test score (M: 7.47). Students’ perceptions of each of four aspects were also positively high. However, as bivariate correlations were performed to examine the relationships between the students’ perceptions and post-test results, no significant correlation was found. The study implied that even though the students improved by using the model, they might have needed more time to adapt to a more independent learning culture

    Effects of Mediation of Learning Interest in Improving Student Learning Achievement

    No full text
    This study aims; to analyze and examine the effects of education level, years of service, work motivation, and work discipline on learning interest; to analyze and examine the effects of education level, years of service, work motivation, work discipline, and learning interest on learning achievement; to analyze and explore the indirect effects of education level, years of service, work motivation, and work discipline on learning achievement mediated by learning interest. This research is an explanatory study, which involved samples of tutors of Packet C Study Group, Jember Regency, in total of 200 respondents. The research data were primary data obtained by online questionnaires, observation, and documentation. The analytical tool used was path analysis to determine the direct effect and indirect effect using SEM method. The results of this study found that education level, years of service, work motivation, and work discipline had a significant positive effect on learning interest. Education level, years of service, work motivation, work discipline, and learning interest had a significant positive effect on learning achievement. Learning interest was able to mediate the effects of education level, years of service, work motivation, and work discipline on learning achievement

    Assessing Transversal Competences in Professional Internships: The Role of Assessment Agents

    No full text
    The assessment process in higher education considers four aspects: assessment agents, procedure, content, and scoring. In this study, we delve into the who. We analyze the role of transversal competence assessment agents in the framework of professional internships in university master’s degree programs, comparing the suitability of their assessment based on their degree of experience in each master’s program. Four university master’s degree programs, in the field of human and social sciences, were analyzed. To ensure the degree of expert competence among the participating judges, the K coefficient was used. Two expert and two nonexpert judges independently assessed the critical incidents narrated by the students and inquired about the competences described in the curricula. The reliability index between the assessments from expert and nonexpert judges was analyzed. The results show greater reliability among the assessments of expert judges compared to nonexperts. As a result, we conclude the importance of basing the selection of assessors on objective expert competence and not on criteria more linked to academic management. It is also necessary to include the critical incident method as a systematic information collection system to explicitly assess transversal competences

    The Study on Awareness, Ability and Policy Suggestions to Meet Job Requirements of the Digital Transformation

    No full text
    The discourse that revolves around the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Vietnam has witnessed participation from policy makers, business circles, and academics. This study sought to explore the future of Vietnamese workforce’s awareness and competencies in meeting labour market needs in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. To capture these awareness and competencies, the study used the mixed method. Questionnaires were initially conducted with 800 third- and fourth-year students who were studying in four fields: social sciences and humanities, science and technology, natural sciences, and finance and banking in public and private universities in Ho Chi Minh City. Thirty lecturers and managers from private and state-owned enterprises were then invited to participate in interviews to gain a multidimensional perspective. Analyses showed the large proportion of students had heard of the Fourth Industrial Revolution primarily from the media, which led to a difference in both awareness and behaviour towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The survey students had a positive outlook on employment trends, but felt doubtful and diffident about job-seeking after graduation. From a multidimensional perspective, the study also pointed out obsolete knowledge, traditional teaching, and the shortage of connection between universities and enterprises. The present study provided significant implications for higher educational institutions in the development of future training programmes to prepare the future workforce for the digital economy

    The Effectiveness of a Training Program Based on Psychological Empowerment to Reduce Future Professional Anxiety among Students

    No full text
    The study aimed to identify the effectiveness of a training program based on psychological empowerment to reduce future professional anxiety among outstanding students at Al-Balqa Applied University. The present study was a quasi-experimental research approach. The sample of the study consisted of (60) outstanding students who had high career anxiety, as they were distributed equally into two experimental (received a training program based on psychological empowerment) and control groups. To collect data, the study adopted professional future anxiety scale to measure future professional anxiety. The scale was ensured for validity and reliability by ensuring the facial and construct validity, in addition to using test-retest and Cronbach's Alpha equation methods to ensure the reliability. Descriptive statistics and independent samples ANCOVA were used to process the study data. The results indicated that there is an impact of the psychological empowerment program in favor of the experimental group in improving future professional anxiety. In conclusion, the study revealed the effectiveness of psychological empowerment program in reducing future professional anxiety among outstanding university students. The study recommends activating academic counseling by empowering the outstanding student psychologically to reduce his/her stress and anxiety, whether related to his current academic life or future career


    full texts


    metadata records
    Updated in last 30 days.
    International Journal of Instruction is based in Türkiye
    Access Repository Dashboard
    Do you manage Open Research Online? Become a CORE Member to access insider analytics, issue reports and manage access to outputs from your repository in the CORE Repository Dashboard! 👇