Gusau International Journal of Management and Social Sciences
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    120 research outputs found

    Role of Community Participation in Promoting Basic Education Services Delivery in Sabon Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State

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    The paper assesses the role of community participation in promoting Basic education service delivery in Sabon Gari local government area of Kaduna State. The study highlights the significant problems facing community participation, such as inadequate functioning of SBMCs, inadequate clarity of roles of SBMCs. An objective had been set to determine the role of SBMC in promoting basic education service delivery in Sabon Gari local government area. The study adopted collaboration theory, which helped in explaining the role of community participation on basic education in Sabon Gari local government area of Kaduna State. The researcher has employed primary method in collecting data for the study; the primary data has been gathered through a questionnaire and oral interview, mainly with simple percentage and chi-square statistical analysis. The study reveals that the SBMCs plays significant role in promoting basic education service delivery. The study recommends that any program/project to be executed should be identified by the community based on the felt need of the community. Boosting the level of community participation through engagement to raise awareness on basic education

    The Influence of Entrepreneurial Human Relations on Organizational Sustainability of SMEs in Edo State

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    The study aimed to evaluate the influence of entrepreneurial human relation on organizational sustainability of SMEs in Edo State. Specifically the study examined the impact of entrepreneurial innovativeness and entrepreneurial competitive aggressiveness on organizational sustainability of SMEs in Edo State. The study adopted the cross-sectional survey research design and data were primarily sourced through administered questionnaires. A sample of one hundred and fifty (150) respondents was conveniently selected for the study. The well filled and retrieved questionnaires found usable for the study were 149 copies out of a total of 150 copies administered. The STATA 16 statistical software was used for analysis of the variables as well as correlation of the variables and regression analysis carried out to test the stated hypotheses. The findings from the multivariate survey linear regression analyses revealed that entrepreneurial innovativeness (Coef. = 0.102, t = 1.77 and P > 0.05) has no significant effect on organizational sustainability of SMEs in Edo State. However, the study discovered that the variable of entrepreneurial competitive aggressiveness (Coef. = 0.562, t = 7.97 and P < 0.05) has a positive significant effect on organizational sustainability of SMEs in Edo State. Based on the empirical findings, we therefore concluded that only the variable of entrepreneurial competitive aggressiveness amongst the explanatory variables can significantly improve organizational sustainability of SMEs in Edo State. Thus, the study recommended that entrepreneurs should continue to explore various training and development programmes that will help develop creative and innovative ideas that instill efficient performance and organizational sustainability. The SMEs should intensify innovative and aggressive competitive effort by working smart, carrying workforces along, active and effective bench marketing, and proper monitoring of operational activities by regulatory bodies as these will ensure sectorial best practices and upsurge level of market share of the SMEs in Edo State, Nigeria

    Effects of Financial Performance and Firm Size on Firms’ Value: Empirical Study of Insurance Companies in Nigeria

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    The listed Insurance firms in Nigeria Stock Exchange (NSE) have been recording mixed results and that places a question on their financial performance and firm value. Over the last decades, this poor trend in the company’s firm value of the listed firms justified a relook into the financial performance and firm value of the company. Therefore, this study evaluates the Effects of Financial Performance and Firm Size on Firms ‘Value of 21 quoted Insurance Companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at the 31st December, 2020. The study covered the period of 8 years (2012-2019). Return on Assets and Return on Equity proxied financial performance; Natural logarithm of total assets proxied firm size while Tobin's Q proxied firms' value. Firm age serves as control variable which is defined as firms' incorporated period. The study uses ex-post facto research design and longitudinal panel which consists of time series and cross sectional data. The data were analyzedusing descriptive statistics and regression with the aid of STATA 15 version. The study revealed that all explanatory variables, except return on assets, firm Size and Firm Age have positive significant effect on Tobin's Q. Specifically, Return on equity has insignificant effect on Tobin's Q. Therefore, the study recommends that the management of Insurance firms in Nigeria should only use return on assets and firm size by increasing the total assets to improve the firm's value


    No full text study sought information on the reproductive opinion of people living with HumanImmunodeficiency Virus (PLWHIV) toward getting pregnant in Edo State, Nigeria. A crosssectional study design was used in this study. Purposive sampling method was used to sampleHIV positive patients using the study centres. The instrument for data collection for this studywas a self-structured questionnaire and the reliability of the instrument was computed (0.84)using Cronbach alpha coefficient. The total population for this study was 734 and the samplesize was determined by YaroYamene sample size calculation. A total of 285 participants wererecruited for the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0Result: Study revealed that 201 respondents representing (72.56%) said they have intention toget pregnant, 61 respondents representing (22.02%) said that they do not know if they hadintention of getting pregnant while 15 respondents representing (5.42%) stated that they do nothave intention of getting pregnant. Majority of the respondent utilize contraceptives and thereis a significant association between education and intention to get pregnant among PLWHIV

    Impact of Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Financial Development on Economic Growth in Nigeria: An ARDL Approach

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    Many studies have been conducted on the impact of carbon dioxide emission and economic growth in Nigeria using different techniques, however several studies did not consider the role of financial sector development in their analysis. Therefore, this study examines the impact of CO2 emission and financial development on the growth of economy in Nigeria using ARDL bounds testing technique from 1981 to 2021. The result of the bounds test to cointegration indicates that there is a long run cointegration among the variables, since the F-statistic of 23.10816 is greater than the upper bound at 1% level. The results of the estimation show that rising emission has a significant and positive impact on economic growth in Nigeria. In addition, openness and financial development has a significant and positive effect on the growth of Nigerian economy, while domestic investment has a negative but significant impact on economic growth. Based on these findings, this study makes the following recommendations; First, government should apply appropriate policy to curb emission, since increase production leads to more environmental hazards which translate to economic growth in Nigeria. Second, government should spell out the consequences for polluters and others mining companies who failed to abide by the government directives

    Effect of COVID-19 Management on the Usage of Electronic Banking Products and Customer Satisfaction in Enugu Metropolis, Enugu State, Nigeria

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    This study examined the impact of covid-19 pandemic on E-banking product usage and customer satisfaction in Enugu metropolis, Enugu State, Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design. The population of the study is 773000. The sample sizes of 15 respondents were selected using purposive sampling technique. Structured interview was used for data collection. Data was analyzed using qualitative technique. The findings revealed that covid-19 pandemic has positive impact on E-banking products usage. It was also found that covid-19 pandemic has a negative impact on customer satisfaction. Hence it was recommended that the Central Bank of Nigeria should enforce its operational guidelines on E-banking products to ensure that customers that use these products are not exploited by the banks and private operators and that their complaints are easily resolved. The policy makers and the stakeholders in the banking industry should ensure that policies are made for the continuous expansion of e-banking products in the study area, so as to increase the accessibility to the customers

    Factors Influencing Kidnapping in Shendam Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria

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    Kidnapping has become a worrisome and recurrent decimal in Nigeria. Records show the severity of this criminal trend in different part of the country recently where different category of persons are abducted. This study thus examined factors influencing kidnapping in Shendam Local Government Area, Plateau State. The structural-choice model was adopted for this study. The study employed the cross-sectional quantitative survey design to identify factors influencing kidnapping via clustered random sampling technique of residents in Shendam. Questionnaires were used for data collection. Out of 400 administered questionnaires, 374 (93.5%) were retrieved for analyses and hypothesis testing. Data was coded with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 computer software and descriptive and non-parametric inferential statistical analyses were computed. Results revealed that 69.0% of the study sample opined that kidnapping is influenced by unemployment. Results also indicated that 62.6% noted that the pattern of abduction tended to rapt on travellers; as 78.1% opined abductors targeted wealthy and affluent victims. 37.4% indicated that kidnapping levels were high, as 74.6% said that abductors capture especially targets in remote towns. 64.4% alluded to employment and empowerment as solution to kidnapping. Hypothesis test result indicated X2 (2, 374) = 8.860, p = .012. Therefore, alternative hypothesis was accepted which states that kidnapping is significantly influenced by unemployment at alpha level of 0.05. The study recommended that kidnapping could be curbed by employing and empowering the teeming population of youths who are vulnerable to subscribe to criminality because of strain

    National Institute of Leather and Science Technology and Unemployment Reduction in Zaria Local Government, Kaduna State

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    Successive governments in Nigeria had initiated several programmes and projects overtime aimed at addressing the increasing rate of unemployment among which is the National Institute of Leather & Science Technology (NILEST). NILEST was established to strengthen research in the areas of Science and Technology and training for self-reliance in footwear, leather goods and polymer technology among others.This paper assessed the impact of NILEST in reduction of unemployment in Zaria Local Government through its training in footwear and leather goods. The study used both primary and secondary data with questionnaire and interview as source of its primary data and books and journals as source of its secondary data. Findings in the study revealed that the footwear and Leather goods training has been effective and has reduced unemployment amongst the attendees of the training, however, NILEST is faced with challenges of infrastructure, obsolete machines and shortfall of training staff and all are tied to the low budgetary allocation and approval

    Impact of Corporate Governance Mechanisms on Asset Quality of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria

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    Good corporate governance practice is required for effective management of organizational resources and in the banking industry in particulars. Long after the initiative of CBN introducing corporate governance code following the consolidation exercise in 2005, efforts aimed at improving corporate governance practice in Nigerian banking industry has not yield the desired result. It is against this backdrop that the study examines the impact of corporate governance mechanisms on the asset quality of selected deposit money banks in Nigeria for a period of ten (10) years. Data for the study were quantitatively generated as retrieved from the annual financial reports and accounts of some selected deposit money banks in Nigeria. Data was analysed using regression analysis and it was discovered that audit committee and board composition contributes positively and significantly to assets quality of the deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study however, recommends among others that more efforts should be made to ensure adequate compliance to the reforms and to adhere to corporate governance principles, as well as its attractiveness and effectiveness towards improving performance

    Leverage and Financial Performance of Listed Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria

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    Consideration is given in this paper to the effect that financial leverage may have on financial results of deposit money banks that operate in Nigeria. The measurement of financial performance was done using Return on Assets (ROA), while debts (both long-term and short-term) served as the explanatory variables. The main data for analysis was derived from financial statements of the 14 banks in the sample for the ten-year period 2009-2018. Consequent upon the diagnostic tests, robust Ordinary Least Square (OLS) was chosen as the tool for the analysis. From the regression results, ROA of the banks in the sample was affected significantly by long-term debt ratio and short-term debt ratio, the former negatively and the latter positively. Principally, a conclusion of the paper is that the financial performance of banks in Nigeria is affected positively and significantly by highershort-term debt. Thus, it is recommended among other things that managers of banks should explore ways of debt of short-term nature especially in the area of customer deposit


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