Wukari International Studies Journal
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    229 research outputs found

    THE IMPACT OF HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT ON AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN NIGERIA

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    This study employed the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimation technique to examine the impact of human capital development on agricultural productivity in Nigeria for the period 1981-2022. The objectives of the study were to examine the impact of aggregate investment in education on agricultural output, and aggregate investment in healthcare on agricultural output in Nigeria. The findings showed that aggregate expenditure on education has a positive and significant effect on agricultural output in Nigeria, as well as labour force participation, and life expectancy at birth having a positive and statistically significant effect on agricultural output in Nigeria. On the contrary, aggregate expenditure on healthcare and literacy rate both showed a negative and not statistically significant on agricultural output in Nigeria. This study is inclined to the fact that a high literacy rate and well- being of the citizens contribute greatly to gross domestic product in Nigeria. The study further recommended that; Nigeria government should increase funding in the education sector to sustain the positive outcome of the current spending this will improve literacy rate which is essential for economic growth and development

    EXISTENCE OF WIFE BATTERY AMONG TRADERS IN UGEP COMMUNITY OF YAKURR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

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    Wife battery remains a pressing global challenge, particularly in developing nations like Nigeria. Women, girls, who are affected suffer from mental illness, injuries that need surgical gynecological interventions and are risk for chronic physical and psychological health problems. The study employed a qualitative research design, using a purposive sampling method to select respondents. The study engages 144 participants out of which 62 are males and 82 females. Through semi-structured interviews, participants were divided into two groups; one for in-dept interview (I.D.I) and the other for Focus Group Discussion (F.G.Ds). Two theories were employed to guide the study, which include Frustration Aggression theory and Social Stress theory. Findings reveals that there is need to reform the discriminatory legislations in Nigeria especially as regards the criminal code which makes the indecent assault of a woman a less offence. Religious groups and institutions to embark on programs that will promote awareness and the negative effects of wife battery in the society. Lastly, the findings also have it that societies should begin to re-orientate men and women on the fact that all human beings are equal as the issue of placing more value on the male child than the female child is one of the reasons why this problem still persist in Nigeria

    EXPLORING THE NEXUS BETWEEN WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT PROGRAMS, EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT, AND AGE DIFFERENCES IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA

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    Poverty remains a pressing global challenge, particularly in developing nations like Nigeria. Women, constituting a significant proportion of those affected, encounter distinct challenges due to gender disparities and limited access to resources. The study aims to assess women's empowerment programs, educational attainment, and age disparities concerning poverty alleviation efforts in Nigeria within the diverse landscape of the Central Senatorial District. The study employed a qualitative research design, the study engaged 24 participants, ensuring diversity across age groups, educational backgrounds, and geographical locations. Through semi-structured interviews and two focus group discussions, each comprising six participants, the research collected rich and nuanced narratives. Thematic analysis served as the analytical lens, meticulously unraveling patterns and themes inherent in the participants' experiences. Three theories were used to support the study which includes empowerment theory, participatory model and social learning theory. Findings reveals that educational empowerment Impact," underscores how varying educational levels among women significantly influence their participation in and perceived benefits from empowerment initiatives. "Age Dynamics in Empowerment" sheds light on how age disparities shape women's interactions with these programs, indicating differing needs and outcomes across age groups. "Program Effectiveness and Accessibility" uncovers the participant’s effectiveness and accessibility of empowerment schemes "Societal and Cultural Influences" illuminates how societal norms and cultural factors intersect with program engagement, influencing women's experiences within these initiatives. The theme "Economic Opportunities and Livelihoods" underscores the significance of economic opportunities and livelihoods afforded by empowerment programs, impacting women's financial stability. Lastly, "Perceptions of Program Impact" captures the diverse perspectives regarding the actual impact of these programs on the lives of the women involved, showcasing varying degrees of positive and negative experiences and outcomes. The findings contribute substantively to the discourse on enhancing the effectiveness of empowerment programs, emphasizing the need for tailored interventions that consider educational backgrounds and age-specific needs to foster sustainable poverty reduction strategies among women

    ASSESSMENT OF SECURITY OPERATIONS ON TACKLING BANDITRY FOR SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NORTH-WESTERN NIGERIA

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    The paper assesses the role of the security in tackling insecurity that manifested in the form of banditry in the North-Western region for sustainable national development in Nigeria. The activities of the bandits in the study area also led to so many security challenges in the region which has caused a lot of sets back in all aspect. These security challenges include kidnapping for ransom, displacement of the rural dwellers, closure of schools and other social facilities, increase in abandoned farmland, and loss of lives and properties. Data was sourced from two major sources; secondary and primary sources. The secondary sources were from existing literature on Insecurity, the interview method and questionnaire were adopted as the primary source of data to generate reliable data from the selected key informants within the study area. The paper concludes that military engagement to tackle banditry have yielded positive results in tackling the security situation in the study area. Finally, the paper suggests that certain measures need to be taken in other to reduce the security challenges of the North-Western region and create an avenue for sustainable national security in Nigeria. Some of these are adequate security presence in rural areas, provision of adequate logistics in tackling banditry, the synergy between and among the security agencies, provision of adequate manpower, provisions of sophisticated weapons

    THE ROLE OF US IN CHINA – TAIWAN CRISIS

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    The United States has long played a major role in the China-Taiwan crisis and likely will remain so for many years to come. The crisis or impasse across the Taiwan Strait serves as one of the most dangerous flashpoints in the world, the one issue that could lead to military conflict at a moment’s notice among the United States, Taiwan and China today. China is fond of calling this crisis a remnant of China’s civil war and a relic of the cold war. Indeed it is. However, the crisis has evolved substantially from this historical context over the years, making the Taiwan crisis in some ways even more relevant and immediate today than ever. Many in the United States may reasonably ask why the United States cares so much about this island off China’s coast and why Washington remains committed to it even when this commitment could lead to war not only with a nuclear weapons state but also with the world’s most important rising power. Likewise, it is reasonable to ask why China cares so deeply about the island that it is willing to jeopardize many other political and economic interests to concentrate on gaining control over the territory. To bring answers to the above questions raised, this work used the power theory while data gathered were analyzed through documentary evidence method. Data used were gotten from books, journals, theses, magazines, Newspapers and internet materials. The US has played many roles that are unfortunately sustaining the China-Taiwan crisis like serving as a covert Diplomatic back up, arms supplier, ambiguous strategic policy supporter, paying subtle government official visits, firm economic relations, strong science and technological ties, international organization membership support, and socio-cultural links-all on the side of Taiwan. Be that as it may this work recommended that the US should abandon her partial strategic ambiguity (that is they will not commit to go to war to defend Taiwan, nor will they take the war option off the table if Taiwan is attacked) and other subtle supports to Taiwan and play a clear and transparent mutual meditative role in China-Taiwan crisis so that the issue between China and Taiwan can be settled amicably. A truthful mediator must prove herself or himself impartial

    LAMENT PSALMS, THE CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY AND GOVERNANCE IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIA

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    Managing and coping with distress is one aspect of human life that remains a puzzle. Different cultures and traditions have developed means of handling issues of distress. Psalm scholars have discovered that in the lament psalms ancient Israel’s answer to the issues of life’s distress. By lament, the focus is on the category of psalms located within the worship setting that bemoan distressing situations of life and plead for divine intervention. Apart from mourning, several times the psalmists' lament comes inform of protest in the face of injustice, persecution, individual and communal disasters, among others. Governance in the Nigerian state has been plagued with a number of woes including insecurity and social injustice. Thus, the need to further explore justification for the Christian community in mobilizing lament to ease distresses ushered in by contemporary security challenges, create awareness for justice and foster national cohesion. This paper written from the functionalist perspective of religion, explored how the reading of lament psalms can initiate a healing process for the distressed Nigerian church and promote social cohesion. A multidisciplinary research approach was adopted premised on form criticism and conceptual review and sourced datawas critically analyzed. The paper discovered that communal reading of lament psalms in the face of national disaster provided sharing platforms where the distressed expressed pain by composing their distresses. Thus, the work maintains the efficacy of lament in initiating a healing process, strengthening communal bonds and eliciting the hope of restoration in the Nigerian situation

    AUDIENCE PERCEPTION OF THE USE OF TELEVISION JINGLES IN CREATING AWARENESS OF E-PAYMENT SYSTEM

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    The sole purpose of the media is to share information on current affairs, news and entertainment. In this era of digitization, sharing, promoting and usage of Digital Payment System in the open marketplace is essential for the audience. The main objective of promoting the electronic payment system is to create awareness among the people especially and ensure they are conscious of the advantages of digital payment services and understand the importance of converting the country into a cashless economy. The audience perception of the use of television jingles in creating awareness of e-payment system can be a mixed bag. On one hand, television jingles have the potential to create catchy and memorable tunes that can stick in people’s minds, effectively promoting e-payment systems and increasing their visibility. On the other hand, there are several critical aspects to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of television jingles in shaping audience perception. The paper, examine the conceptional clarifications on perception, television jingles and electronic payment system also the impact of television jingles on audience perception. The study was anchored on consistency theory. It also outlines the challenges of television jingles, how it has limited span to convey information which can make it challenging to provide comprehensive information amongst others

    HOME GROWN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN RIJAU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA NIGER STATE, 2017-2022

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    The study examined the impact of a Home Grown School Feeding Program on poverty reduction in Rijau Local Government Area (HGSF). The implementation of the HGSF program in Rijau Local government was to achieve lots of objectives aside the reduction of poverty. The HGSF program was meant to increase the nutrition of school children, increase school attendance and enrollment, create job for villagers and increase local agricultural production. The study fund the HGSF program to have positive impact on the nutrition of children, school enrollment and attendance, job creation, crime prevention and on the whole reduced poverty in Rijau Local Government of Niger State

    THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ADVOCACY ON DRUG ABUSE AMONG THE YOUTHS IN OWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT

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    This paper examined Social Media as Advocate for Sensitising the Youth in Owo Local Government on the Consequences of Drug Abuse. This paper employed Agenda setting theory. Moreover, this study adopted survey design method and Owo local government areawas selected as area of the study. The population of the study was 341,400and this consisted of the total population of the selected area. However the study considered 400 participants which make up the sampling size and this was derived from 341,400entire populations of the selected local government areas through Taro Yamane formula. The findings of this study revealed that, social media advocacy has played vital roles in sensitising the youth on the negative effects of drug abuse.  The study further revealed that, attitudinal change, public enlightening on the effects of drug abuse are necessary tools to reduce or eradicate drug abuse in the study area. Finally, the study recommends that, media should give much preference to issues relating to drug abuse as it will help to sensitise the general public on the negative effects of drug abuse. That, government at all level should consider social media as a functional medium of sensitising the general public on issue relating to drug abuse onpersonal health

    PULLED`UP BY THEIR BOOT STRAPS: A HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF HOW MUSLIMSI N SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA FARED IN COLONIAL NIGERIA

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    Islam and Christianity, though not indigenous to Nigeria, are the two major religions in the country. Their paths crossed in the colonial period. The study examines what happened in South West Nigeria when the paths of the two religions crossed in the colonial period. The ambivalence of the British colonial officers, which made them promote Islam in the North and stifle it in the South-West, aroused the curiosity of the writer. Using historical and descriptive methods and relying on primary and secondary sources, it was found that if not for the measures taken by South-West Muslims, Islam could have been eclipsed by Christianity in the area. The paper concludes that Islam was deep-rooted in the South-west region. As a result, it produced dyed-in-the-wool Muslim faithfuls, which is why they did not lose focus despite all that the Christian missionaries and British colonial officials did

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