Journal Of Advanced Zoology
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    Evaluation Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice In Parents Regarding Paediatric Oral Health Care

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    Objective:  To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practise in parents regarding paediatric oral health care.       Design:  A cross sectional questionnaire survey of 500 parents visiting dental clinics for the first time at the Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry for dental treatment of their child.  Outcome measures:  Responses were obtained for dental knowledge, attitudes and practise. Relating to the eruption and shedding of deciduous and permanent teeth, preventive aids in pedodontics, diseased conditions such as dental decay, gums swelling and crowding, frequency of consumption of refined food by their children and oral health practise.      Results:  Parents have approximately similar percentage of positive knowledge i.e.38.4% and 38.8% towards preventive oral health and oral disease respectively. In addition the positive attitude was also found to be 77.5% and 77.8% towards preventive oral health and oral disease respectively. Whereas only 11.41% showed a positive attitude towards practising the preventive oral health, in contrast with oral disease showing 35.6% parents positive practise. Conclusions:  Parents had positive attitude on the need to conserve natural teeth for their children, but they lacked adequate knowledge regarding preventive oral health and oral disease. And also very low utilization of dental services in spite of positive attitude towards dental treatments

    Evaluate The Vital Role Of Bioactive Phenolic Content Of Grape Extract In Miscellaneous Positive Health Effects On The Human Body

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    This study is for a better understanding of how phenolic compounds of grapes keep the body healthy by preventing disease. Plant-based beverages, such as fruit juice, soymilk, tea, coffee, and coconut drinks, often contain high amounts of polyphenols and total phenolic content, which can play a vital role in promoting human health. Here are some of the essential functions and benefits associated with ingredients, such as antioxidant capacity, anti-inflammatory effects, cardiovascular health, diabetes management, digestive health, brain health, weight management, etc. We used the Folin-Ciocalteu method which is an analytical technique to determine the total phenolic content by using a spectrophotometer in different samples. In that case, our result obtained was 8.632 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE) per gram of fresh grape juice and 4.154 mg GAE/g of commercial grape juice. This means that for every gram of the sample being analyzed, there are approximately 8.632 mg GAE/g of phenolic compounds are present. The value is expressed in gallic acid equivalents because gallic acid is used as a standard reference compound to quantify phenolic content. The total phenolic content of 8.632 mg GAE/g in grape juice suggested that it can play a vital role in promoting good health

    Effectiveness Of Topical Application Of Honey On Radiation Induced Mucositis In Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy At Selected Hospital In Vadodara.

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    Background: Most patients with oral cancer receive chemo radiotherapy with or without surgery for treatment and develop oral mucositis, a debilitating adverse. Currently, there is no standard regimen for the management of radiation-induced mucositis. This study aims to evaluate the effect of honey on radiation-induced mucositis. Methods: Quasi experimental study of 50 cancer patient was undertaken in chosen areas and 25 patients were in experimental group and 25 patients were in control group. The data were obtained from patients via face-to-face interviews using a pretested questionnaire, and the data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0 software Result: In experimental group the mean pretest assessment value was 1.2 and the standard deviation was 0.4 and in the control group the mean pretest assessment was 1.8 and the standard deviation was0.8. The p-value (0.0044) p<0.05 significant. That is honey application was effective to reducing the oral mucositis among patients undergoing radiation therapy in post-test. Demographic variables Age, Gender, food habits, smoking, alcohol, tobacco chewing, chewing battle leaves, education level and profession had shown no statistically significant association with the pretest grades of oral mucositis. P<0.005 Conclusion: Natural honey can be an excellent treatment for radiation-induced oral mucositis. Honey may be a simple, potent, and inexpensive medication that is widely available, and it may be a more effective therapeutic agent in the treatment of radiation mucositi

    An Analysis To Published Research On Ai’s Potential To Revolutionize The Classroom

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    This literature review investigates the potential use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the classroom, which has become a topic of increased attention due to the rise in popularity of online education. Numerous studies carried out in various educational settings, including computer science, postsecondary education, language learning, and health professions education, are assessed for their methodological integrity and practicality. While the research provides valuable insights for educators and policymakers, it also highlights challenges such as the difficulty of generalization, the significance of continuous data, and the need of ethical issues. The study emphasizes the necessity of inclusive & moral behaviors, ongoing evaluation, and professional development for educators as it relates to the incorporation of artificial intelligence (AI) and technology into education. The findings shed light on the revolutionary possibilities of AI in the classroom and call for more research, careful consideration of ethical problems, & effective strategy in order to fully exploit the benefits of this technology. This is especially important when considering the nature of education, which is dynamic and continually evolving

    Effect Of Parasitic Infection On The Enzymatic Function Of The Internal Organs Of Scomber Scombrus (Mackerel) And Euthynnus Alltteratus (Small Tuna) (Misrata, Libya)

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    The assessment of fish health has acknowledged the significance of helminthology and haematology characteristics as crucial instruments. The utilization of blood parameter measurement has been a longstanding practice in the field of fish health monitoring. The current study aimed to examine the impact of an indigenous infestation of parasites on various blood parameters, including activities of liver, kidney function tests, lipase, amylase, Creatine phosphokinase (CPK), and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH). The present study was undertaken to investigate the parasitic infection in a sample of 100 fish. The sample consisted of 50 of Euthynnus alletteratus, and 50 Scomber Scombrus. These fish were gathered from the waters of Misrata city, located in Libya. Results revealed the presence of statistically significant differences across various indices in both Euthynnus alletteratus and Scomber scombrus. A significant positive association was seen between urea values and many organs in Scomber scombrus, with the exception of the external body. Similarly, in Euthynnus alletteratus, a significant positive correlation was found between urea values and various organs, except for the external body and nostrils. The results of the study indicate that there is a positive link between creatinine levels and several internal organs in Euthynnus alletteratus, with the exception of external body tissues. A favorable correlation was seen between sodium levels and various organs in Scomber scombrus, with the exception of internal organs and the stomach. There was a positive correlation seen between potassium, Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), lipase, amylase, CPK, and total protein levels in several organs of both Euthynnus alletteratus and Scomber scombrus. A significant correlation was observed between LDH levels and several organs in both Euthynnus alletteratus and Scomber scombrus, with the exception of the external body in Scomber scombrus. In Euthynnus alletteratus, LDH levels were favorably connected with the nose, internal organs, and anterior intestine

    Assessing The Impact Of A Structured Teaching Program On The Knowledge Of Final Year B.Sc. Nursing Students Regarding Nursing Care For Patients On Mechanical Ventilators In Selected Nursing Colleges Of Gujarat.

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    Introduction: Critical illnesses can affect individuals at any age, posing life-threatening challenges that disrupt various aspects of their well-being. Such conditions have profound effects on physical, psychological, socio-cultural, and spiritual dimensions. Goal-oriented care is crucial for survival, focusing on achieving optimal physical, psychological, and social potential. Nursing plays a pivotal role in restoring an individual's life processes to dynamic equilibrium, with nurses serving as catalysts by making timely and complex decisions to promote life processes. Aim: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a structured training programme on nursing treatment for people on mechanical ventilation systems among B.Sc. nursing students in their final year. Materials & Methods: A critical evaluation was conducted using a “pre-experimental one-group pretest-post-test research design”. A convenient sampling method was employed to choose 50 final year students for the study purpose. Data collection involved the use of a well-structured questionnaire, and the effectiveness of knowledge transfer to the students was assessed through the implementation of a structured teaching program. This approach aimed to provide comprehensive insights into the impact of the educational intervention on enhancing the understanding of mechanical ventilator care among the selected nursing students. Results: The study evaluated the knowledge of “final year B.Sc. nursing students” regarding the care of patients on mechanical ventilators. In the pretest, 7 students exhibited average knowledge, while 43 had poor knowledge. In the posttest, 22 students demonstrated average knowledge, and 28 exhibited good knowledge. The overall mean percentage of knowledge in the pretest was 36.66% (SD=3.4), while in the posttest, it was 76.66% (SD=3.2) with a positive difference of 11.68 and 't' value 1.84. Interpretation and Conclusion: The post-test average score exhibited a significant increase compared to the pretest score (p < 0.05), registering an overall mean of 11.68 points. This substantial improvement underscores the significant enhancement in final year B.Sc. nursing students' comprehension of patient care on mechanical ventilators. The researcher observed that the structured teaching program effectively conveyed information to these students, demonstrating its efficacy in facilitating knowledge acquisition. This highlights the program's potential impact in fostering a more informed approach to patient care in the field of nursing

    Determination of the Risk of Oil and Gas Offshore Pipelines in Indonesia: A Risk-Based Analysis Approach for Developing Inspection Strategy Policy

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     Indonesia has a target of producing 1 million BOPD of oil and 12 BSCFD of natural gas in 2030. The strategy for achieving the production target in 2030 is transformation from resources to production, accelerating chemical EOR, massive connectivity for finding large wells, and optimizing field production. In optimizing existing field production, one of the supporting factors is production facilities, so production facilities with good integrity are needed to minimize upplanned shutdowns. One of the oil and gas installations that pose a high risk is the installation of oil and gas pipelines. The existing pipeline installation in the Java Sea, from North Cirebon to the Seribu Islands, has an area of 8300 km2 and is operated by PT XYZ. Therefore, it requires complete and accurate inspection data to find out. This research method uses a modification of the Kent Mulhbauer scoring index. The risk level of the three subsea pipelines at Company XYZ, namely 4 in Gas Line Mike Mike, 8 in Gas Line Echo pipeline, and 8 in Gas Line Mike Mike pipeline, is found to be in the very highrisk category. The inspection strategy carried out for the third pipe with a very high risk category is visual inspection (ROV), freespan assessment, cathodic protection check (CP), UT thickness inspection on the riser and elbow (topside and subsea), and UT thickness inspection on the bottom pipe sea using the NACE ICDA method for thickness taking points and inspection periods once every 4 years or based on risk-based inspection (RBI). The cost and effort of examining the strategy will be assessed directly with the level of the risk category. Because of this, so that the inspection of the strategy can be optimal, effective, and efficient, it is divided into 3 (three) risk categories, namely low, medium, and high/very high, where the selection of strategy inspection is appropriate with the level of risk. The results of this study are expected to be a reference in making a policy or regulation to carry out regular inspections of underwater pipelines by using the risk analysis method to determine the inspection strategy

    Metal Induced Oxidative Stress in Fishes: A Review

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    Fishes when exposed to various contaminants, particularly metals in their habitat can induce oxidative stress. In fishes, metals contamination results in oxidative stress by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation through redox cycling and impairing antioxidant defenses. ROS are harmful to all forms of aquatic life and can damage tissues and cellular components.Higher amount ofROS lead to varying degree of oxidative damage to the fish tissues including lipid peroxidation, protein and DNA oxidation as well as enzyme inactivation through different mechanisms as observed in different fish species. The present comprehension of how metals contribute to the onset of oxidative stress in fish is summed up in this review.

    Understanding and Treating Acute Lung Injury: Exploring The Causes, How It Affects The Lungs, and Possible Medications

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    Acute lung injury is a life-threatening condition characterized by hypoxemia, pulmonary edema, and inflammation. This comprehensive review delves into the intricate landscape of Acute Lung Injury (ALI) and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), shedding light on the multifaceted challenges and advancements in their understanding and treatment. The exploration of pathological features, pharmacological interventions, and long-term outcomes unveils the complexities inherent in managing these critical respiratory conditions. The etiology of ALI/ARDS is diverse and includes direct and indirect insults to the lungs. Key findings underscore the hurdles posed by the heterogeneous patient population, emphasizing the imperative of tailoring interventions based on individual characteristics. Ambiguities surrounding optimal timing, dosing, and duration of pharmacological interventions highlight the need for standardized protocols to ensure consistency in treatment approaches. While advancements in mechanical ventilation, fluid management, and pharmacological agents show promise, the absence of reliable biomarkers for treatment response prediction remains a significant limitation. Recommendations for clinical practice encompass personalized and targeted approaches, leveraging technological advancements for individualized care, and advocating for standardized protocols. The pharmacology of ALI/ARDS is complex and challenging, as no specific drug has been proven to be effective in treating ALI. However, several pharmacological agents have been tested or are under investigation for modulating the inflammatory response, reducing oxidative stress, enhancing alveolar fluid clearance, and preventing fibrosis. On a policy level, there is a call for increased research initiatives, specifically in biomarker identification and large-scale trials for emerging treatments. Acknowledging limitations in the evolving nature of research and study heterogeneity, this review stands as a timely and informative resource, providing valuable insights for healthcare practitioners and policymakers navigating the intricate landscape of ALI and ARDS. Implementing the outlined recommendations holds the potential to enhance patient care and guide future research endeavors in this critical field

    Enhancing Syntactic Competency Of Engineering Students In English Using CLIL

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    Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) may be seen as a type of instruction where students can study foreign languages and specialized material concurrently, depending on the subject matter.  By striking a balance between professional education and the acquisition of foreign language abilities, CLIL greatly enhances students' motivation, responsibility, and personal growth.  CLIL is a type of bilingual education where students study foreign languages and subject material at the same time. Through teaching trials, the efficacy of the CLIL technique as an academic subject for second-year mechanical engineering students was examined in this study.  Mechanical engineering second semester students are taken into consideration. Subject and English professors provided ideas for the "definitions" for the elements utilized in the Engineering Practice Lab, which were taken from the Professional English curriculum. Only mechanical engineering students taking English as a supplement are the topic of this study. The main research approach is educational experiments; alternative research methods include survey questionnaires that are used as pre- and post-tests at the start and finish of the study.  Based on the survey questionnaire responses, a statistical assessment of the students' syntactic proficiency was conducted.  The study's findings demonstrate students' interest in developing their definition-building abilities with favorable opinions on CLIL. &nbsp

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    Journal Of Advanced Zoology
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