RocScholar (Rochester Regional Health)
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    2072 research outputs found

    Independent predictors of mortality and 5-year trends in mortality and resource utilization in hospitalized patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma

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    Background: This retrospective study analyzed factors influencing all-cause inpatient mortality in 80,930 adult patients (2016-2020) with diffuse large B cell lymphoma using the National Inpatient Sample database. Methods: Utilizing ICD-10 codes, patients were identified, and statistical analysis was conducted using STATA. Fisher\u27s exact and Student\u27s t tests compared proportions and variables, multivariate logistic regression examined mortality predictors, and a 5-year longitudinal analysis identified mortality and resource utilization trends. Results: The inpatient mortality rate was found to be 6.56% with a mean age of 67.99 years. Several hospital- and patient-level factors including specific comorbidities such as congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, acute kidney injury, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, liver failure, pancytopenia, tumor lysis syndrome, and severe protein-calorie malnutrition were independently associated with inpatient mortality. Hospitalization costs showed an increasing trend, impacting the overall population and survivors. Conclusion: These insights may refine risk assessment, treatment selection, and interventions

    Cardiovascular Outcomes of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease in Octogenarian Population

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    Limited data are available regarding in-hospital outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in the octogenarian population with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We sought to study the cardiovascular outcomes of TAVI in CKD hospitalization with different stages at the national cohort registry. We used the National Inpatient Sample database to compare TAVI CKD low-grade (LG) (stage I to IIIa, b) versus TAVI CKD high-grade (HG) (stage IV to V) in octogenarians. Outcomes such as inpatient mortality, cardiogenic shock, new permanent pacemaker implantation, acute kidney injury), sudden cardiac arrest, mechanical circulatory support, major bleeding, transfusion, and resource utilization were compared between the 2 cohorts. A total of 74,766 octogenarian patients (TAVI CKD-HG n = 12,220; TAVI CKD-LG n = 62,545) were included in our study. On matched analysis, TAVI CKD-HG had higher odds of in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-2.5, p \u3c 0.0001), cardiogenic shock (aOR 1.22, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.39, p = 0.0019), permanent pacemaker implantation (aOR 1.14, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.23, p = 0.0006), acute kidney injury (aOR 1.19, 95% CI 1.13 to 1.27, p \u3c 0.0001), sudden cardiac arrest (aOR 1.32, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.61, p = 0.004), major bleeding (aOR 1.1, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.22, p \u3c 0.0368) and higher rates of blood transfusion (aOR 1.62, 95% CI 1.5 to 1.75, p \u3c 0.0001) when compared with the TAVI CKD-LG cohort. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the odds of cerebrovascular accident and mechanical circulatory support use between the 2 groups

    The Thriving (Not Just Surviving) Clinician

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    The Thriving (Not Just Surviving) Clinician, David L. Pierce, MD, CMO Rochester General Hospital Objective: Review a better understanding of the Healthcare Ecosystem. Discuss how to build resilience and improve career satisfaction

    Risk Prediction in Male Adolescents With Congenital Long QT Syndrome: Implications for Sex-Specific Risk Stratification in Potassium Channel-Mediated Long QT Syndrome

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    Background: Sex-specific risk management may improve outcomes in congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS). We recently developed a prediction score for cardiac events (CEs) and life-threatening events (LTEs) in postadolescent women with LQTS. In the present study, we aimed to develop personalized risk estimates for the burden of CEs and LTEs in male adolescents with potassium channel-mediated LQTS. Methods and results: The prognostic model was derived from the LQTS Registry headquartered in Rochester, NY, comprising 611 LQT1 or LQT2 male adolescents from age 10 through 20 years, using the following variables: genotype/mutation location, QTc-specific thresholds, history of syncope, and β-blocker therapy. Anderson-Gill modeling was performed for the end point of CE burden (total number of syncope, aborted cardiac arrest, and appropriate defibrillator shocks). The applicability of the CE prediction model was tested for the end point of the first LTE (excluding syncope and adding sudden cardiac death) using Cox modeling. A total of 270 CEs occurred during follow-up. The genotype-phenotype risk prediction model identified low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, comprising 74%, 14%, and 12% of the study population, respectively. Compared with the low-risk group, high-risk male subjects experienced a pronounced 5.2-fold increased risk of recurrent CEs (P\u3c 0.001), whereas intermediate-risk patients had a 2.1-fold (P=0.004) increased risk. At age 20 years, the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk adolescent male patients had on average 0.3, 0.6, and 1.4 CEs per person, respectively. Corresponding 10-year adjusted probabilities for a first LTE were 2%, 6%, and 8%. Conclusions: Personalized genotype-phenotype risk estimates can be used to guide sex-specific management in male adolescents with potassium channel-mediated LQTS

    A dedicated pathway to appropriate penicillin allergy examinations in pregnancy

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