ScholarsArchive@OSU

    Overshot stacker

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    Published April 1943. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalo

    Pre-service grief and loss preparation in CACREP accredited school counseling programs

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    Graduation date: 2004Youth today experience high degrees of loss and change, resulting in grief\ud (Goldman, 2001). Little evidence exists of school counselors' academic preparation in\ud grief counseling. The purpose of this research study was to determine how CACREP\ud school counseling programs prepare school counselors in the areas of grief and loss,\ud including course delivery methods, included curriculum areas, and reasons for exclusion.\ud A quantitative, descriptive design was utilized. The "School Counselors\ud Preparation in Grief/Loss and Substance Abuse Counseling" survey was designed for\ud data collection and sent to the 150 United States CACREP accredited school counseling\ud programs. A total of 79 programs responded, resulting in a 53% response rate.\ud Research results found that 40% of responding CACREP programs did not offer\ud any grief and loss preparation to their pre-service school counselors. Sixty percent\ud indicated providing some training. Data show that 11% of programs required a course\ud and 50% offered an elective course. Additionally, 48% of respondents taught a module\ud on grief and loss within a required course, and 13% through a module in an elective\ud course. Results found 6 respondents included all 17 suggested curriculum areas, while the\ud mean for curricula inclusion was 11 areas.\ud Research indicated 78% of programs not offering grief and loss cited a lack of\ud room to add more credits as their exclusion rationale. Furthermore 35% of respondents\ud did not offer curriculum because it was not a CACREP requirement. Lacking trained\ud staff and financial reasons were both reported by 25% of programs as reasons for non-inclusion.\ud Facing grief and loss are realities of life. Helping students to acknowledge and\ud cope with these realities is a necessary task, as loss is a normal, universal experience,\ud encountered repeatedly (Lenhardt, 1997). CACREP standards position that counselor\ud education programs will prepare students to meet the real life counseling situations they\ud will face while working in schools (CACREP, 2001).\ud Research results indicated an inconsistent delivery of appropriate training in grief\ud and loss among responding CACREP school counseling programs. Counselor education\ud programs may wish to examine if they are ethically and effectively preparing their 21st\ud century graduates. Recommendations and limitations are included

    Harvesting smooth dry peas

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    Published May 1943. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalo

    Landscape architecture

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    Published September 1940.Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalo

    Father-son partnership agreements in farming

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    Published November 1941. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalo

    On the Relationship between Aquaculture and Reduction Fisheries

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    Traditional aquaculture has to a large extent used herbivore species with limited requirements for additional\ud feeding. However, in intensive aquaculture production one farm carnivore species like salmon and also feeds herbivore\ud species with fishmeal as this increase growth. This has lead to a growing concern that increased aquaculture production\ud poses an environmental threat to the species targeted in reduction fisheries as increased demand increase fishing pressure.\ud In this paper we address this question along two lines. First, under which management regimes may increased demand pose\ud a threat to the species in question. Second, we investigate what is the market for fishmeal. Is fishmeal a unique product or is\ud it a part of the larger market for oilmeals which includes soyameal? This is an important issue since the market structure for\ud fishmeal is instrumental for whether increased aquaculture production may affect fishmeal prices, and thereby increase\ud fishing pressure in industrial fisheries

    Targeted enrichment strategies for next-generation plant biology

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    To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work.• Premise of the study: The dramatic advances offered by modern DNA sequencers continue to redefine the limits of what can be accomplished in comparative plant biology. Even with recent achievements, however, plant genomes present obstacles that can make it difficult to execute large-scale population and phylogenetic studies on next-generation sequencing platforms. Factors like large genome size, extensive variation in the proportion of organellar DNA in total DNA, polyploidy, and gene number/redundancy contribute to these challenges, and they demand flexible targeted enrichment strategies to achieve the desired goals. \ud \ud • Methods: In this article, we summarize the many available targeted enrichment strategies that can be used to target partial-to-complete organellar genomes, as well as known and anonymous nuclear targets. These methods fall under four categories: PCR-based enrichment, hybridization-based enrichment, restriction enzyme-based enrichment, and enrichment of expressed gene sequences. \ud \ud • Key results: Examples of plant-specific applications exist for nearly all methods described. While some methods are well established (e.g., transcriptome sequencing), other promising methods are in their infancy (hybridization enrichment). A direct comparison of methods shows that PCR-based enrichment may be a reasonable strategy for accessing small genomic targets (e.g., ≤50 kbp), but that hybridization and transcriptome sequencing scale more efficiently if larger targets are desired. \ud \ud • Conclusions: While the benefits of targeted sequencing are greatest in plants with large genomes, nearly all comparative projects can benefit from the improved throughput offered by targeted multiplex DNA sequencing, particularly as the amount of data produced from a single instrument approaches a trillion bases per run

    Gender-Dependent Mechanisms of Alpha-Tocopherol Protection from Benzo[a]pyrene Exposure in Rats

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    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), are environmental pollutants linked to increased disease susceptibilities. Alpha-Tocopherol (αT) supplementation decreases B[a]P-DNA adducts in smokers, particularly women; but the mechanism is unknown. To test the hypothesis that αT protection from B[a]P exposure is gender-dependent, male and female rats received 7 daily subcutaneous (SQ) injections of αT (100 mg αT/ kg body wt) or vehicle, followed by a single intraperitoneal injection of B[a]P (20 mg/kg, spiked with 3H-B[a]P) on day 9. Urine and bile were collected pre- and post-B[a]P; plasma and tissues were collected 5 or 24 h post-B[a]P. αT supplementation increased αT levels to a greater extent in females than in males. Compared to vehicle, αT supplementation increased total urinary and biliary excretion of B[a]P and/or B[a]P metabolites more than 2.5-fold in females, but decreased total excretion in males (p<0.05). αT prevented B[a]P-induced increases in urine 8-isoprostanes (males) and decreased tissue malondialdehyde levels in a tissue- and gender-dependent manner. Thus, αT protection from B[a]P exposure is gender-dependent and occurs by both antioxidant and non-antioxidant mechanisms. Further elucidation of the mechanism(s) of αT protection against environmental toxins may lead to the development of protective strategies for occupational PAH exposures

    Bachelor sewing

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    Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalo

    Bachelor sewing

    No full text
    Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalo
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