Australian International Academic Centre: AIAC Journals
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    Poetry Preferences of Secondary School Students - The Case of Trabzon Province

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    In this case study which focuses on secondary school students (5th, 6th, and 7th grades), the goal was to investigate students’ preferences in poetry. In this study, the singular research designs have been employed. The context of the study was Trabzon city, and the participants were students in secondary schools in Ortahisar, Akcaabat and Yomra provinces in 2018-2019 academic year. The study was conducted with 490 students. Frequency and percentage calculations were made on the data obtained from opinion surveys and the results were analyzed. The study showed that in all three levels, three themes stood out: War of Independence and Ataturk, National Culture, and Reading Culture. Based on the findings, it was concluded that secondary school students like these three themes more and therefore prefer them more. Students prefer poems with 19-22 lines, both with rhythm and free verse and they prefer mostly rhyming poems. Also, title was found to be an important factor in poem preference and that students love and prefer poems with words they know, and lastly knowing the poet and that they know the poem beforehand also affected their preference positively

    Preservation and Transmission Guidelines of Salar Vocal Folk Music

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    The Salar vocal folk music is a unique intangible cultural heritage of the Salar ethnic minority in Qinghai Province, China. The objective of this interdisciplinary study is to investigate the role of education and literacy in the preservation and transmission of Salar vocal folk music in Qinghai Province, China. The research site, Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, serves as a cultural epicenter where Salar traditions have thrived for centuries, providing an authentic setting for immersive fieldwork. Key informants include Salar musicians, educators, community leaders, and government officials who play vital roles in the preservation and transmission of this heritage. Data was collected through participant observation, interviews, and documentation of Salar vocal folk music performances. Musicological analysis and preservation and transmission theory were applied to the data, revealing the historical roots, cultural significance, and current challenges faced by Salar vocal folk music. The study culminates in guidelines for the preservation and transmission of this tradition, emphasizing government suppor

    Vocal Techniques Literacy in Huai Opera for School-Based Education in Shanghai Municipality, China

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    Huai Opera is a traditional Chinese operatic form known for its distinctive vocal techniques, melodic tunes, and captivating storytelling, originating from the Huai River region in China. The study’s primary objective is to investigate vocal technique literacy in Huai Opera for school-based education in Shanghai Municipality, China. Anchored in musicology and ethnomusicology, this research is conducted within the School of Huai Opera, encompassing the Southern and Northern Schools, known for their distinctive regional influences and vocal styles. Two key informants, a seasoned Huai Opera performer and vocal instructor and an accomplished ethnomusicologist, lend their unique insights to shed light on the multifaceted nature of vocal technique literacy in Huai Opera education. The structured interviews and systematic observations that were used to collect data are carefully analyzed to show the different breathing techniques, vocal techniques, and rhythms that makeup Huai Opera’s vocal technique literacy curriculum. The study’s findings underscore the significance of integrating traditional arts into contemporary education systems to preserve cultural heritage and enrich students’ educational experiences. It emphasizes the need for innovative pedagogical approaches and highlights the role of traditional arts in nurturing cultural engagement among youth

    Preservation and Literacy Transmission of Pipa and Guzheng Duets in Pu Dong Style

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    The research focuses on the preservation and transmission of Pipa and Guzheng duets in the Pu Dong style. Qualitative research methods such as interviews, observations, and questionnaires were used. Fu Huaqiang and Sha Lijing are the study’s key informants, both of whom have great skill and experience in Pipa and Guzheng duets in the Pu Dong style. The following findings were obtained: These duets have played an important role in the preservation of cultural heritage by conserving age-old customs and conveying cultural information. The Pu Dong-style Pipa and Guzheng Duet, in particular, demonstrate the dedication to both maintaining traditional music and expanding the genre via creativity. These duets’ growth demonstrates their adaptability in contemporary circumstances, representing the growing tapestry of Chinese cultural expressions while keeping their classical foundations. Furthermore, the incorporation of traditional Chinese and Western musical components in works such as “Dao Chui Lian” indicates the tenacity of cultural preservation and the critical function of creative transmission in keeping traditions active and relevant. Furthermore, the Pipa and Guzheng duets play significant roles in Chinese folk festival rituals, highlighting their contributions to cultural legacy preservation and musical literacy transmission within the context of Chinese ritual culture

    Notes from the Editors

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    You are reading the first issue in the twelfth volume of IJELS. The articles in the current issue fall into 4 different areas of literacy, including, linguistic literacy, music and art literacy, social science literacy, and thinking and literacy. Our authors in this issue come from Bahrain, Bangladesh, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Japan, KSA, Turkey, and Thailand

    Strengthening Education and Literacy through the Transmission Process of Suzhou Pingtan Chinese Opera in Jiangsu, China

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    Suzhou Pingtan is a traditional Chinese opera originating from Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, known for its melodic tunes, storytelling, and expressive performances. The objective of this study was to explore the transmission process of Suzhou Pingtan Chinese Opera in Jiangsu, China, and its impact on education and literacy. This study utilizes a combination of fieldwork, interviews, and questionnaires as research tools were used to gather data from three key informants, two main informants, and three general informants. The data collected are analyzed through qualitative methods, including content analysis and thematic analysis. The research findings reveal ten main modes of transmission, including the inclusion of Suzhou Pingtan in the national intangible cultural heritage list, the establishment of inheritors, the Suzhou Pingtan Art Festival, the enhancement of performance level and frequency, the development of Suzhou Pingtan School, the establishment of Suzhou Pingtan Museum, the expansion of performance venues, the integration into primary and secondary schools and universities, international transmission, and strong government support. The study suggests the importance of continued support for educational initiatives, the preservation of performance venues, and the cultivation of young audiences to ensure the sustainability and wider appreciation of Suzhou Pingtan

    An Investigation into Flipped Learning Classroom (FLC) of EFL Sixth Grade Students’ Grammar Literacy Development: Implications for Student-Centered Approach

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    The educational landscape has undergone tremendous change due to the rapid development of technology, with virtual learning emerging as a prominent teaching method. In this regard, the Flipped Learning Class (FLC) model has recently been adopted as a cutting-edge approach. In this model, traditional classroom activities are logically reversed compared to tasks in conventional classrooms, often integrating teaching materials in the form of videos or PowerPoint presentations. The objective of this study is to clarify the impacts of FLC instruction on sixth-grade students’ grammar literacy, comparing it to traditional face-to-face teaching through two distinct methodologies. Quantitative research approach was employed for this study. From a pool of 120 male sixth-grade elementary students aged 12-13, 100 were selected based on their scores in the Quick Oxford Placement Test. These students were divided into control and experimental groups. The control group experienced traditional face-to-face teaching without a social platform, completing homework at home. Conversely, the experimental group underwent FLC instruction using the Shad application as a social platform. A two-month teaching program was designed to cover the main English Grammar teaching objectives. As the primary instruments of the study, an English grammar test was used as both pretest and posttest for data collection. The pre-test was administered to both groups at the beginning of the study. After 16 sessions of teaching grammar to sixth-grade students, the post-test was given to assess any differences between the two groups due to the treatment. Independent-Samples t-tests were used to compare the means of the independent groups (experimental vs. control) for the post-test. The results indicated that the experimental group performed significantly better than the control group. Additionally, the findings suggest several pedagogical considerations for educators, learners, curriculum developers, and administrators. Educators, policymakers, and institutions can leverage these findings to optimize instructional approaches and enhance students’ self-efficacy, academic literacy, and positive perceptions of the flipped learning experience in virtual learning contexts. Further study is recommended to explore the prolonged impacts of FLC model and assess its adaptability in various educational settings

    Lam in Ubon Style: The Process of Transferring Learning to Inherit the Performing Arts

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    The objectives of this research were to study (1) the development of knowledge on the aesthetics of Lam in Ubon Style, and (2) the process of transferring knowledge to inherit the performing arts of Molam Morlam-Ruang-Tor-Klon in Ubon style. Data from documents and fieldwork were analyzed and presented using descriptive analysis. The results showed that there are developments and changes according to the eras, divided into the old era before 1937, a few numbers of performers; the changing era into theatrical performance; the modern Morlam era brought popular musical instruments to play; and the current Morlam era, in which light and sound technology is used to help in the performance of three aspects of aesthetics: melody, poetry, and aesthetics of singing techniques. Regarding the process of transferring knowledge, the results indicated that two national artists have provided knowledge by practicing the performing arts in singing, dancing, and poetic gestures. Improvements are made in each area to enhance learners’ skills development. The study provides significant insight and implications for developing learners’ skills in performing arts at home

    Cultural Transmission of Dazu Vocal Music in Chongqing

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    Dazu vocal music, a unique and cherished intangible cultural heritage, serves as the focal point of this research conducted in Chongqing, China. The study’s objective is to investigate the contribution of cultural transmission of Dazu vocal music in Chongqing through education and literacy. The research site, Dazu City, is the epicenter of this cultural treasure, encompassing various educational institutions from primary to tertiary levels that engage with this art form. Two key informants, comprising experienced instructors and cultural representatives, offer valuable insights into the educational initiatives and literacy practices supporting Dazu vocal music. Research tools, including observation and interview forms, are employed for data collection, culminating in a detailed analysis of the cultural transmission process. The study’s results underscore education’s pivotal role in preserving Dazu vocal music, fostering hands-on learning, and promoting cultural documentation, with literacy facilitating accessibility beyond oral traditions. These efforts positively impact the local community by enhancing cultural identity and pride. Despite challenges such as an aging practitioner population and shifting cultural dynamics, collaboration among stakeholders emerges as a promising strategy for ensuring the tradition’s continuity. In conclusion, this research highlights the importance of education and literacy in preserving intangible cultural heritage, offering insights applicable to similar endeavors worldwide

    Literacy Transmission of Guqin Culture at the Wangji School in Henan Province, China

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    This research investigates the literacy transmission of Guqin culture at the Wangji School in Henan Province, China, through the lenses of ethnomusicology and transmission theory. The goal is to gain an understanding of the educational opportunities provided by this institution and its function in preserving and advancing this ancient Chinese musical tradition. Located in Henan, a province known as the “Cradle of Chinese Civilization,” the Wangji School serves as a vital hub for Guqin education, performance, and transmission. Key informants provide perspectives on the diverse backgrounds and pedagogical approaches of Guqin instructors at the school. Using thematic analysis to look at observations and interviews as data shows that there is a focus on copying, expressing oneself, and combining lifestyle elements. The research highlights the school’s commitment to cultural preservation, fostering an inclusive learning environment, and employing online outreach. In conclusion, the Wangji School emerges as a beacon of Guqin culture, bridging tradition and innovation to ensure the continuity and vitality of this cherished musical tradition, offering valuable lessons for the preservation of cultural heritage in contemporary educational settings

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