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    The Most Beautiful Experiment in Physics: How the Double Slit Remained Relevant for Over Two Centuries

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    My senior thesis is a historical analysis of various double slit experiments performed between 1801 and 2023. Starting with Thomas Young’s simple yet brilliant original in 1801 and culminating with a time dependent variation published in April 2023)in Nature, I look into the scientific impacts of these experiments as well as the ingenious methods required to complete them. In addition to the original and time dependent experiments, I will cover various other versions that represent breakthroughs or firsts concerning the particular media used to conduct the experiment. These include the first double slit using electrons, large molecule diffraction, single electron interference, and a controlled electron experiment that Richard Feynman had come up with as a thought experiment and dismissed as impossible a handful of decades earlier

    Mathematical Art Exhibit

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    As teacher-centered classrooms continue to lose their effectiveness at all levels of mathematical learning in the United States, teachers should use a more student-centered approach by implementing math-related art in the classroom. Implementing math-related art in the classroom is a great tool for engaging students in effective mathematical learning. It requires students to use their critical thinking on how to apply mathematical ideas, principles, rules, and properties to design and create art while also allowing the students to freely express themselves. Adding math-related art can transform a math lesson into project-based learning. Teachers can also use math-related art as a summative assessment as students think outside the box in using their mathematical reasoning to implement math-related ideas in their art. I hope as people observe the Mathematical Art Exhibit, they will see mathematical ideas, principles, rules, and properties transformed into art that I expressed and abstracted freely. Then connecting those free expressions to student learning. Promoting critical thinking as each canvas displays acrylic paint in a way that balances love for mathematics with love for student learning

    An effective multi-site course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) implemented by early adopters

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    CUREs are an effective approach for providing research opportunities to undergraduate students. However, the implementation of CUREs across multiple institutions is still under-researched. The North American Bsal Task Force’s Surveillance and Monitoring Working Group developed a CURE called the Student Network for Amphibian Pathogen Surveillance (SNAPS). We used Roger\u27s Diffusion of Innovations as a theoretical framework to study the cognitive and affective outcomes of early adopters of SNAPS. Seventy students participated in the CURE across nine institutions. Data were collected using pre- and post-surveys. Paired t-tests showed that the SNAPS CURE was effective in improving students’ self-efficacy, content knowledge, knowledge of field sampling methods, self-reported content knowledge, and self-reported knowledge of field sampling methods. Changes in students\u27 self-reported knowledge of field sampling methods differed by institution but other outcomes were consistent across the nine institutions. Changes in students\u27 content knowledge during the CURE differed based on students\u27 demographics and class standing. Other outcomes were consistent across student demographics and class standing. Our findings suggest that a multi-institutional CURE program can be successfully scaled-up while promoting undergraduate research in STEM fields. Positive outcomes of early adopters’ implementation of CUREs can persuade additional faculty to adopt this model of instruction

    Lucky Girls

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    Lucky Girls is a contemporary song that explores the idea that life is easy for people who are lucky and one can become lucky with the right mindset. This view is present in the lyric segment “Lucky girls talk in prophecies / Maybe I should give that a try and see.” This idea in my song is my step towards becoming a lucky girl and embracing positive affirmations in my life as a singer-songwriter

    To a Land of Sleep and Dreams

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    “To a Land of Sleep and Dreams” (Nocturne) was composed for my youngest nephew Wyatt. The Nocturne was composed for him as a song that he can listen to at the end of the day before bed as a calming method. The Nocturne uses augmented chords with stable harmonic resolutions that bring a calm feeling to the evening bedtime experience. I wrote the Nocturne with neuroscience in mind, knowing that after babies listen to music, their prefrontal cortex activity looks different

    Relationship between Sickle cell trait and effects of Sickle cell disease

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    Sickle cell disease is the presence of two hemoglobin S alleles and results in sickle shaped red blood cells and other associated problems. Sickle cell trait only occurs in heterozygotes containing only one HbS allele and one normal allele (Hb). Individuals with sickle cell trait are usually asymptomatic. We aimed to assess if carriers of sickle cell trait are completely harmless from the effects of sickle cell disease. Individuals with sickle cell trait can develop sickled red blood cells through HbS polymerization. We found many different factors can contribute to sickling events occurring in individuals with sickle cell trait, such as intense physical activity and high elevations. Sickled red blood cells only carry a small portion of oxygen as normal red blood cells and because of their shape they can get stuck in the blood stream. Sickle cell trait and sickle cell disease have been known to cause acute renal failure. Sudden death syndrome can also occur in someone with the sickle cell trait. Awareness in both sickle cell disease and sickle cell trait can reduce misleading and unreliable information

    Historic Failure of the Teton Dam, Idaho and its Impacts on Future Dam Construction

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    The Teton Dam is located in southeastern Idaho 15 miles northeast of Rexburg, near the Wyoming border. The dam was intended to help with flooding and to provide hydroelectric power and irrigation to surrounding cities and farms in the Upper Snake River Valley. Construction on the dam began in the summer of 1972, and it was completed in June, 1975 with a total cost of 39million.Thedamstood305fttallandspanned3,100ftacrosswithitsintendedreservoirextending17milesupstreamwithaholdingcapacityof288,000acreft.Onlyayearlater,onJune5,1976,itexperiencedacatastrophicfailureduringitsfirstfilling.Thiscollapseoccurredduetoacombinationofhydraulicfracturingofjointedrockandinternalerosionoftherightembankmentofthedam.Theoutburstofwaterexceededaflowrateof1,000,000ft3/secandresultedin11fatalitieswithover39 million. The dam stood 305 ft tall and spanned 3,100 ft across with its intended reservoir extending 17 miles upstream with a holding capacity of 288,000 acre-ft. Only a year later, on June 5, 1976, it experienced a catastrophic failure during its first filling. This collapse occurred due to a combination of hydraulic fracturing of jointed rock and internal erosion of the right embankment of the dam. The outburst of water exceeded a flow rate of 1,000,000 ft3/sec and resulted in 11 fatalities with over 400 million in property damage. The failure of the Teton Dam has been a case study in engineering and led to development of the Bureau of Reclamation’s safety program that has been recognized as the worldwide standard for dam safety and risk management

    The Impact of School-Based Student Support Services, Creating Positive Change to Mental Health and Academic Success

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    In our present society, we are observing how the coronavirus pandemic perpetuated a mental health crisis among the country’s youth and their families. Although this event has mostly illuminated a chronic issue that decades of youth and families have been experiencing. The practice of this systematic review revealed that researchers and advocates for school-based support for students have been identifying and discussing this problem since the 1960s. Yet, there is still not a uniform program for school-based health services as evidenced by the variety of used interventions within the school to address student issues. Now that our world has experienced this pandemic, the sudden shelter-in-place transitions combined with an inconsistent system that was meant to support student health and academic success, has progressed into an overwhelming emergency for which there is not enough government funding nor personnel to address such an evident need. Students have endured transitions, many were not supported, participation and academic success decreased, and mental health crises increased. It was a difficult time for many, and these difficulties have not subsided. Further research is needed to present how funding for school-based health and student services is needed, if not required, for the positive development of our nation’s youth. This study is proposed to answer how/what school-based student support and health services are being implemented in high schools, and which of these interventions is most effective in reducing symptoms of acute and chronic mental health issues while improving their academic success

    Sexually-divergent differentiation and inflammatory response to osteoclasts

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    Spokane’s Debates of 1968 for Fair Housing

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    Born in 1925, James S. Black worked in the real estate industry where he would create the NAI Black company in 1958. In 1968, he was elected president of the Washington Realtors Association. Black was against Senate Bill 378. He believed that it was the right of the homeowner to choose who could buy their homes. He would be part of the 1968 debates with Carl Maxey, a well-known civil rights lawyer. Carl Maxey was born in 1924, and he would go from being kicked out of children’s homes to graduating from Gonzaga University on a Boxing Scholarship to become a lawyer. He would become a leading member of the Civil Rights Movement. Maxey was the Chairman of the Washington State Advisory Committee to the US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1968, he would be part of a series of debates with James S. Black who endorsed Referendum 35 while Maxey would be against the Referendum. Spokane was familiar with demands for equal treatment. The Haircut Protest was one of these protests, which took place in 1963 after an exchange student from Whitworth was refused a haircut based on the color of his skin in Spokane. This case would push Maxey into being the leading member of Spokane’s civil right movement as he won the case. In February of 1968 at the Kiwanis Club in Spokane, Black and Maxey debated Referendum 35. Maxey was against overturning Senate Bill 378 as he felt if such practices were allowed to continue, it would endanger America as a whole. While Black’s personal view is unknown, it can be determined that he was in favor of the Referendum like many real estate agents. They felt that it was the choice of the homeowners to choose who lived there. Senate Bill 378 was created to protect buyers from racial discrimination and would pull the license of real estate agents who discriminated. Referendum 35 was created to overturn Senate Bill 378

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