Journal Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa (UST)

    PEMAKAIAN MAJAS DALAM NOVEL ANAK SEMUA BANGSA KARYA PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER: STUDI STILISTIKA

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    The objectives of the research are to find out: (1) the use of figurative language, (2) the function of each figurative language to build the essence of the novel. The research is descriptive qualitative. The research data are the series of events using figurative language. The source is a novel entitled ‘Anak Semua Bangsa’ by Pramoedya Ananta Toer published by Hasta Mitra Jakarta. The research instrument is independent research concentrating on the types and the functions of figurative language. The technique of collecting data is observation; meanwhile, the technique of analyzing data is descriptive qualitative. Based on the analysis, research results can be drawn. Firstly, 70 (97.2%) of 72 figurative languages are a figure of speech. Secondly, 35 (50%) of 70 figure of speech, are simile and epic simile, 6 (8.6%) hyperbolic, and 1 (1.4%) synecdoche. The functions of simile are to express purity, surprise, and description. The functions of metaphor are to raise internal emotion and build concrete sense. The dominant functions of personification are to revive imagination, explain elaboration, and reflect the inanimate objects. The functions of hyperbolic are to strengthen the meaning and empower the impression. The function of synecdoche is to point out the essential part of an object. 

    EFEKTIVITAS PESTISIDA NABATI TERHADAP HAMA PENGOROK DAUN (Liriomyza sp.), PERTUMBUHAN, DAN HASIL TANAMAN KRISAN (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat)

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    Lalat pengorok daun (Liriomyza sp.) merupakan salah satu hama penting yang menimbulkan kerugian kualitas pada budidaya krisan. Petani biasa menggunakan pestisida kimia sintetis untuk mengendalikannya. Pestisida nabati sebagai salah satu alternatif pengendalian yang ramah lingkungan dan sesuai dengan pedoman PHT masih belum dilaksanakan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui efektivitas pengendalian pestisida nabati terhadap pengendalian hama pengorok daun (Liriomyza sp), pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman krisan (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat). Penelitian telah dilaksanakan di kubung (rumah plastik) lahan milik petani di Dusun Karang, Desa Gerbosari, Kecamatan Samigaluh, Kabupaten Kulon Progo, DIY. Ketinggian tempat ± 500 m dpl, jenis tanah latosol cokelat, suhu antara 20 - 300 C, kelembaban antara 80 - 90 %, pH tanah 5 - 6. Penelitian dilaksanakan mulai bulan September 2014 sampai dengan Januari 2015.Penelitian lapangan disusun dalam Rancangan Acak Kelompok Lengkap (RAKL) 2 faktor dan 3 ulangan. Faktor pertama adalah konsentrasi pestisida (P) terdiri dari 3 taraf yaitu : Pestisida nabati konsentrasi 0,5 % (P1), Pestisida nabati konsentrasi 1 % (P2), dan Pestisida kimia konsentrasi 0,1 % (P3). Faktor kedua adalah frekuensi pemberian pestisida (F) terdiri dari 2 taraf yaitu: Frekuensi pemberian pestisida seminggu 2 kali (F1), dan Frekuensi pemberian pestisida seminggu 1 kali (F2). Variabel yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, panjang tangkai bunga, diameter bunga, diameter tangkai bunga, bunga dan daun (bekas serangan hama dan penyakit), keadaan tangkai bunga, intensitas serangan Liriomyza sp., keefektifan relatif pengendalian.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan tidak terjadi interaksi pengaruh antara macam pestisida dan frekuensi pemberian terhadap semua parameter yang diamati. Keefektivitas Relatif Pengendalian (KRP) pestisida nabati (90,47%) dengan pestisida kimia (85%) berpengaruh sama dalam mengendalikan serangan Liriomyza sp. pada pertumbuhan tanaman krisan. Frekuensi pemberian pestisida nabati dibandingkan kimia berpengaruh sama terhadap semua parameter pertumbuhan, hasil, dan kualitas bunga potong krisan, tetapi menghasilkan lebih tinggi pada diameter tangkai bunga, diameter bunga, dan keadaan tangkai bunga

    PENGARUH DOSIS DAN KONSENTRASI PUPUK HAYATI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN KACANG HIJAU (Vigna radiata L.) VARIETAS VIMA-1

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    The research aims to study the interaction, effectivness dosage and concentration of biofertilizer diversity, to growth and production of mungbean. This reasearch was conducted in Wedomartani, Special Region of Yogyakarta in Oktober to Desember  2015, altitude of 120 m above sea level, temperature 24-32o C, relative humidity (RH) 73-89%, C2 Climate and Annual rainfall + 2.000 mm. The type of soil used Regosol and Kambisol, pH 6-7. The research was arranged in RCBD (Random Complete Block Design) in two factorial with three replicaton. The first factor was Rhzobium sp.’ dosage, with two level were 7,5 gram, and 15 gram per kg seedling. The second factor was liquid biofertilizer’ concentration , with four level were 0 %, 2,5%, 5%, and 7,5 %. Growth observation variable were plant height, number of nodules, nodule weight, number of effective nodule, number of leaves, leaf area, fresh weight, dry weight, and the number of pods. Production observation variable were fresh pod weight, dry pod weight, the amount of fresh seeds per pod, pods weight per plot, 100 seeds weight, harvest index, and leaf area index. Statistical analysis conducted on all data observations using ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) at the significant level of 5% followed by DMRT (Duncan’s Multiple Range Test) at the significant level of 5%. The results showed the combination have interaction and effectivness in adding biofertilizer diversity in growth and production of mungbean. The best treatment dosage and concentration in growth and production was 7,5g/kg Rhizobium sp., and 7,5% liquid biofertilizer’ concentratio

    PENGARUH MACAM PUPUK DAN INTERVAL PENYIRAMAN PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR (POC) TERHADAP HASIL TANAMAN TOMAT CHERRY (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) DALAM POLYBAG

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui macam pupuk dan frekuensi penyiraman POC yang efisien pada budidaya tanaman tomat cherry dalam polybag, serta untuk mengetahui interaksi antara jenis pupuk dan frekuensi penyiraman. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di lahan Tegelan, Desa Majasto, Kecamatan Tawangsari, Kabupaten Sukoharjo dan berlangsung dari Januari hingga Mei 2014. Metode penelitian ini adalah percobaan faktorial 2x3 yang di susun dalam Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Faktor utama dalam dalam penelitian ini adalah jenis POC yang terdiri dari dua level yaitu : POC berdasarkan Ijin Departemen Pertanian L650/ORGANIK/DEPTAN-PPI / V / VIII/ 2010 (P1) dan berdasarkan pada penelitian Sunaryo tahun 2012 (P2). Faktor kedua adalah frekuensi penyiraman yang terdiri dari tiga level yaitu; frekuensi penyemprotan setiap dua hari (F1), frekuensi penyiraman setiap 4 hari (F2), dan frekuensi penyiraman setiap 6 hari. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada beda nyata pada pertumbuhan tanaman dan hasil dari tanaman tomat antara perlakuan macam pupuk dan frekuensi penyiraman, namun pada perlakuan memperlihatkan hasil berbeda nyata terhadap tanaman kontrol

    PENGARUH PENGOLAHAN TANAH DAN DOSIS PUPUK NPK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL KACANG TANAH (Arachis hypogea L.)

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    This research was aimed to find out the influence of soil treatment and NPK fertilizer dosage on the growth and yield of peanuts (Arachis hypogea L.).  This research was carried out on the observation area of the Pusat Inovasi Agro Teknologi  of Gadjah Mada University (PIAT UGM), Kali Tirto Village, Berbah District, Regency Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta. The research location is located at an altitude of 115 masl with rainfall of 60 mm / month, the average temperature ranges from 25-35ᵒC, air humidity 50%, soil type of inceptisol. This research was conducted in May - August 2018, this research was arranged Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) method consisting of 2 factors, namely the processing of soil and the dose of NPK fertilizer. Observations were analyzed by DMRT at the level of 5%. The first factor is land cultivation consisting of 3 levels, namely without tillage, minimal tillage, maximum tillage. The second factor is the dose of NPK fertilizer using 3 levels, namely the dosage of 100 kg / ha, 150 kg / ha, 200 kg / ha. Each 1 unit combination treatment was repeated 3 times in each plot of land. This research consisted of 9 variables including number of leaves, plant height, flowering age, number of flowers, fresh weight, plant dry weight, yield of plant pods, weight of 100 seeds, and yield per hectare. The results of the analysis showed no interaction except for the flowering age variable with no tillage treatment and 200 kg / ha NPK fertilizer dosage which produced flowers at 20,40 days, while flowering age occurred at the minimum treatment of minimal tillage and 200 kg NPK fertilizer dosage / ha which produces flowers at 24,13 days. Soil treatment has a significant effect on the variable number of flowers. The treatment of NPK fertilizer dosage significantly affected the dry weight variabl

    PENGARUH PEMBERIAN DOSIS UREA DAN KONSENTRASI RHIZOBAKTERI BAMBU TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN BUNCIS (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

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    The aims of the study was to determine the right dosage of urea fertilizer and the concentration of bamboo rhizobacteria on the growth and yield of beans. This research was carried out in the prosperous central Lestari Makmur located in Agrorejo Village, Sedayu District, Bantul Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta. The location of this study is altitude of  ± 88 meters above sea level (mdpl), soil type is regosol, with soil pH of 5,5 - 6,7, the avarage temperature is 26-32 0C and rainfall 1,654.00 mm per year. This research was conducted in March until May 2018. The study was arranged in a factorial randomized complete block design (RAKL) of three replications. The first factor was the dose urea fertilizer (D) which consists of three levels, namely: 20, 30 and 40 kg per ha-1. The second factor was the concentration of bamboo rhizobacteria (R) which consists of three levels namely: 2.5; 5.0 and 7.5%, so that 27 treatment units are obtained.  Observation variables include stem lenght, plant fresh weight, plant dry weight, number of pod per plant, pod lenght, pod weight per plot and pod weight per hectare. The results of the study were analyzed by variance at 5% real level, followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test at 5% level. The results showed there were an interaction between the dose of urea fertilizer and concentration bamboo rhizobacteria on pod weight per hectare of beans plants. The giving doses of urea fertilizer up to 40 kg ha-1  did not affect the growth and yield as well as the concentration of bamboo rhizobacteria up to 7,5%. The combination of 20 kg ha-1 urea fertilizer and 5,0%  bamboo rhizobacteria concentration gave higher pod yield per hectare than the control (without treatment

    EFEK DOSIS PUPUK KANDANG DAN SUMBER NITROGEN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT TANAMAN LIDAH BUAYA (Aloe vera L.) DI LAHAN PASIR

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    The study aims to know the dose of manure and nitrogen source on growth of aloe vera seed in sandy soil. The experiment was conducted in Cangkring vilage, Poncosari, Serandakan, Bantul, D.I Yogyakarta, in 25 meter above sea level and the temperature is 30 ºC - 35 ºC. The research was done in January – May 2017. This reseach arranged in randomized Complete Block Design with 3 repetitions. The first factor  is manure dose consisted of 2 levels namely : (K1) 15 ton.ha-1, (K2) 30 ton.ha-1. The second factor  is nitrogen source consisted of 4 levels : (N1) urea, (N2) ZA, (N3) NPK dan (N4) KNO3 450 each 450 kg.ha-1. The analysis of data used Analysis of Variance at level of 5%, is continued with Duncan’s Multiple Range Test 5%. The result showed that there was no interaction between dose of cow manure and nitrogen source to all variable except the height of plants. The dose of cow manure did not influence the growth of the aloe vera seedling, like as nitrogen source

    CONTRIBUTION OF SOYA TEMPE (Glycine max) INDUSTRIAL INCOME OF HOUSEHOLD SCALE TO CRAFTSHIP HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN SOYA TEMPE (Glycine max) in IMOGIRI DISTRICT, BANTUL REGENCY

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    The aims research to contribution of soya tempe industry income to household income of soya tempe craftsmen in Imogiri Sub-district, Bantul District, the purpose of this research are to knowing the production cost and income from soya tempe industry of household scale and to contribution of soya tempe industry income to household income of soybean tempe craftsman in Imogiri district, Bantul regency in July 2017. The research method used is descriptive. The method of determining the location was done intentionally in Imogiri District. Determination of the number of samples is done proportionally. While the sampling method using random sampling with a sample of 32 people.Data analysis method used is the method of income analysis and T-test.The analysis result shows that the average of soybean tempe industry income obtained by the soybean tempe craftsmen in one month is Rp 1.351.435,00, meanwhile the income outside of tempe industry business Rp 990.841,00 and the total income of soybean craftsman in one month Rp 2.342.276,00 so it can be seen that the income of soya tempe industry has contributed 57.7% to household income of soybean tempe craftsmen in Imogiri District. Test result t-test obtained t count = 2.212 and t table = 2.03951, so t count is greater than t table with 95% confidence level, then Ha accepted and rejected Ho. Thus, soybean tempe industry income contributes ≥50% to household income

    PROSPEK USAHATANI PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) DILAHAN PASIR KABUPATEN KULON PROGO

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    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prospek usahatani pepaya lahan pasir di kabupaten Kulon Progo. Penelitian ini dilakukan di kecamatan Panjatan pada bulan April – Mei 2016. Metode yang digunakan untuk pemilihan lokasi penelitian adalah random sampling, sedangkan metode pemilihan sampel digunakan  metode snowball dengan jumlah petani sampel 40 orang. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah metode analisis pendapatan dan analisis kelayakan R/C ratio. Dari hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa jumlah rata-rata pendapatan usahatani pepaya lahan pasir di kecamatan Panjatan  per usahatani Rp 29.970.686,07 dan per hektar Rp 282.843.909,6. Hasil analisis kelayakan di peroleh hasil R/C sama dengan 7,1, sehingga usahatani pepaya lahan pasir di kecamatan Panjatan layak diusahakan dan memiliki prospek yang bagus. Untuk  menguji hipotesis digunakan uji T-test. Dari hasil uji T-test diketahui bahwa t hitung lebih besar t tabel, dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% usahatani lahan pasir di kecamatan Panjatan menguntungkan dan layak diusahakan sehingga memiliki prospek yang bagus. Prospek usahatani dilahan pasir kabupaten Kulon Progo ada beberapa hal yang mendukung yaitu mudah dalam pemasaran, ketersedian input, dan teknik budidaya yang sederhana. Kata Kunci : Prospek, Lahan Pasir, Pepaya

    ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI TEMBAKAU DI KECAMATAN IMOGIRI KABUPATEN BANTUL

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh faktor-faktor produksi terhadap produksi tembakau di Kecamatan Imogiri. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Imogiri Kabupaten Bantul, lebih tepatnya di Desa Selopamioro. Pelaksanaan penelitian pada bulan Mei hingga Agustus 2015. Metode dasar yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Teknik penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasi. Metode penentuan daerah penelitian dilakukan secara purposive dan penentuan petani sampel dilakukan dengan metode random sampling dan kajian penelitian menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Jenis data yang dianalisis menggunakan data primer yang diperoleh langsung dari responden dan data skunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variabel variabel luas lahan, pupuk SP36, pupuk ZA, pupuk kandang dan pestisida tidak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap produksi tembakau,. Variabel bibit dan tenaga kerja memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap produksi tembakau. Hasil uji F menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan variabel bebas secara bersama-sama dapat menunjukkan pengaruh terhadap faktor produksi tembakau. Nilai R2 sebesar 0,99 berarti bahwa sebesar 99 persen variasi produksi tembakau dapat dijelaskan oleh variabel luas lahan, tenaga kerja, bibit, pupuk SP36, pupuk ZA, pupuk kandang, dan pestisida, sedangkan sisanya yaitu 1 persen dijelaskan oleh sebab-sebab lain diluar model. Secara individu bibit merupakan faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap produksi tembakau. Kata kunci : Tembakau, Faktor-Faktor Produksi, Desa Selopamioro Kab. Bantul
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