Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan
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    174 research outputs found

    Indonesian Omnichannel Banking: How Far Do Governing Laws Protect Customer's Data Privacy

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    In the digital transformation era, banks have been working to implement a digital strategy that will lead to lower costs, better service, higher profitability, and the desired level of customer satisfaction. Utilising marketing technology for consumer engagement is essential to bringing in more customers without increasing costs. Omnichannel is the marketing strategy that offers more services to customers by having them interact with it across all available physical and digital channels at any time, resulting in higher customer satisfaction and loyalty. Customer data is significant information that may be used at any stage of the digital marketing process. The Protection of Personal Data Act of 2022 and the Act of Development and Strengthening of the Financial Sector of 2023 govern consumer data protection at all stages of marketing activities, including data processing, profiling, and collaboration with other organisations. This study reviews how far the governing laws can protect consumer private data in utilisation in the company's digital marketing program to boost utilisation of the company's omnichannel approach. The study discovered that governing laws can protect the customer's private data in the banking omnichannel approach. Customer data are governed clearly and strongly by the regulations at all marketing program phases that could potentially be exploited, so both laws will be able to prevent illegal activities of customer data optimally in the future. Lastly, customer approval is critical for the Bank's use of all customer data

    Development Model of Gender Equality Study in Inheritance Distribution of Tanah Luwu Communities

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    This research’s aims are 1. analyze the Tanah Luwu people's inheritance distribution, 2. analyze the views of Gender Equality on how to distribute the inheritance of the Tanah Luwu Tribe community, 3. analyze the model for developing gender equality in the inheritance distribution system of the Tanah Luwu people. This study uses an explorative-qualitative research method that describes the development model of gender equality studies in the distribution of inheritance for the people of Tanah Luwu by studying inheritance cases enforced concerning parts and kinship systems. The study shows that the people of the Tanah Luwu tribe generally adhere to Islam; however, they still highly respect the customs passed down from generation to generation to their families, including in inheritance. Therefore, when asked about the inheritance laws that apply, they answer Islamic inheritance laws. However, they use inheritance laws according to their wishes or the appointing system and consider it fair. Gender equality views the inheritance distribution of the people of Tanah Luwu as unfair; thus, there is concern among the heirs. Tension can lead to conflicts or disputes. The gender equality development model is the conflict management and conflict transformation approach

    A facile review concerning the Protection of an Invention in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges

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    Technological and any form of invention is a prerequisite for National development. This is concerning the fact that the reason why countries like the USA, China, Russia, and a host of other countries are regarded as developed nations is a result of their scientist and technician inventions. However, Nigeria like several African countries is regarded as a developing country given its slow pace of invention. However, despite the slow pace of invention, the legal process of also obtaining a protection or patent over an invention seems to also pose a challenge to scientists and technicians within the Nigerian terrain. It is concerning that embarks on a hybrid method of research in examining the issues and challenges as they relate to the protection of an invention in Nigeria. In this regard, 253 questionnaires were distributed to the respondent resident in the various geo-political zone in Nigeria. A descriptive and analytical method was employed in analyzing the data, and the study found that there are but few scientists and technicians involved in the technological invention. But there are challenges concerning obtaining a patent or protection of an invention in Nigeria and this in essence often discourage scientist and technician to intensify their effort toward technological invention. It was therefore concluded and recommended that for an effective and improved technological invention in Nigeria, there is a need for the Nigerian government to create an enabling environment and review the current legal framework concerning the obtaining of a patent over an invention.

    A Chance to Defend Regional Heads in The Procedure of Regional Head Dismissal as A Manifestation of The Proportionality Principle

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    The existence of regional autonomy in Indonesia is implemented through regional leaders who have the authority to run local government. When carrying out their duties, regional leaders are supervised by other state institutions as a form of checks and balances in government power. Hence, the procedure to dismiss regional leaders regulates to involve the Regional People's Representative Assembly, the Supreme Court, and the President through the Minister of Home Affairs as a form of right to dismiss. However, the existence of the proportionality principle in the procedure to dismiss regional leaders, through the right given to regional leaders to defend themselves, has yet to be regulated in the law. This article talks about two things: first, the procedure to dismiss regional leaders, and second, the legal consequences and the position of a chance to summon regional leaders to explain and defend themselves in the procedure to dismiss regional leaders. This article aims to find the importance of proportionality principles in the procedure to dismiss regional leaders. The method used in this article is legal research, with statutes, conceptual, and case approaches. The results of this research show that although the procedure to dismiss regional leaders has been regulated in law, applying the proportionality principle only exists in jurisprudences. Hence, an ius constituendum is needed to determine legal consequences and certainty regarding the procedure to dismiss regional leaders

    Distribution Of Joint Properties According To Balanced Justice Principle

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    The structure of joint property divided governed by Law No. 1 of 1974, and the Compilation of Islamic Law must fully reflect the importance of justice and legal clarity. Based on that, the issue addressed in this journal is how to design a more reasonable and legally specific partition of the joint property after divorce for the community in the relevant marital law in the future. This study is categorized as legal-normative research. According to the study's findings, the future concept of joint property law reconstruction is to incorporate the principle of balanced justice based on Pancasila into Article 37 of Law Number 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage and Article 97 of the Compilation of Islamic Law through amendments to Article 37 of Law Number 1 of 1974 and Article 97 of the Compilation of Islamic Law. The notion of balanced justice has been found in various Republic of Indonesia's Supreme Court decisions. As a result, some of the legal rules in the joint property decision must be reviewed while developing joint property law regulations

    Justice for Nature: Integrating Environmental Concerns into Legal Systems for Adequate Environmental Protection

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    This research explores the importance of integrating environmental interests into the legal system, advocating justice for nature, and realizing a greener and more sustainable world. Based on a comprehensive literature review and critical analysis of relevant sources, this study identifies the key elements needed, namely effective environmental law enforcement mechanisms, active participation of stakeholders, and synergies that link community participation with environmental law awareness. A reliable law enforcement mechanism is a key pillar in environmental protection, involving a fair and efficient judicial process supported by robust law enforcement agencies and adequate sanctions. Stakeholders, including governments, law enforcement agencies, civil society, and the private sector, play a central role in policy formation, implementation monitoring, participation in decision-making, environmental advocacy, and increased awareness of environmental law. The combination of active community participation and environmental law awareness has a positive impact on maintaining environmental sustainability, with community participation covering environmental management, engaging in decision-making, and community empowerment. In contrast, environmental law awareness strengthens law enforcement, understands environmental rights and obligations, and encourages sustainable behavioral change. Thus, this comprehensive integration paves the way to a world in which the interests of nature are heard and protected, creating a more equitable and sustainable global ecosystem

    Freedom Of Religion And Belief Under Supreme Court Verdict Study Case On Supreme Court Decision Number 17/P/HUM/2021

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    Freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) is one of the human rights stated in the 1945 Constitution. Article 29 paragraphs (1) and (2) of the 1945 Constitution. The recognition of religion guarantees the independence of each of its inhabitants to embrace their respective religions and to worship according to their religion or beliefs. The state guarantee on FoRB consists of assurance for the internal and external forums. Freedom to embrace religion or belief is an internal forum for everyone, an absolute right as regulated in ICCPR that Indonesia has also ratified. In fact, this provision is also regulated in Article 28 I paragraph (1) of the 1945 Constitution. The fulfillment of the right to FoRB is frequently discriminated against in Indonesia. The  issue of forcing to wear school uniforms with hijab for non-Muslim female students is still common in many public schools in Indonesia. The State has issued a joint decree (SKB) of 3 ministers to normalize the discriminatory status quo. However, the attempt to return it to its normal position was thwarted by the LKMM, which carried out the SKB test. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court (SC) canceled the SKB because schools have the right to carry out religious education and instilled values. The judges ratio decidendi made by the SC Justices were very dry from the perspective of freedom of religion or belief in canceling the 3 Ministerial Decrees. The judge saw the issue of forcing to wear hijab on non-Muslim students from the perspective of the majority religious thought without noticing that Indonesian society is very diverse. Therefore, the protection of the right to FoRB should also safeguard the religious minorities rights. This paper will examine decision made by judiciary power in term protecting the FoRB right. This verdict will be reviewing toward to justice consideration (ratio decedendi) and legal archicteture in filling the norm FoRB. Moreover, it will also appraise to judicial behavior based on breakfasting theory

    Preventing Human Trafficking In Indonesia: The Role Of Legal Empowerment Programs

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    Trafficking in persons or human trafficking, especially women and children, must be eradicated because it violates human dignity and human rights. This article examines and explores the root causes of human trafficking, the criminal sanctions, and the decisions of judges/trials on trafficking in persons in Indonesia to prevent trafficking in persons through legal empowerment. It is based on normative legal research, that is, legal research conducted by examining literature or secondary data. The study reveals that there are at least 10 (ten) root causes of trafficking in persons, which occur in various places in the world, including in Indonesia, namely poverty, lack or low level of education, demand for cheap labor/demand for sex, lack of the implementation of the human rights laws for vulnerable groups, lack of legitimate economic opportunities, Social factors and cultural practices, conflict and natural disaster, trafficking market as a business that generates a large profit, lack of safe migration options, traffickers. There are criminal sanctions against trafficking in persons in Indonesian legislation. This article highlights the importance of the use of legal empowerment in Indonesia to prevent trafficking in persons and address its root causes

    Gender Mainstreaming through Guarantees of Legal Protection and Access to Justice for Women and Children in Religious Court

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    Barriers to realizing accessibility for women and children in religious courts are still quite significant. Even after five years have passed since Supreme Court Regulation Number 3 of 2017 on Guidelines for Trying Women’s Cases in Conflict with the Law was published. The initial suspicion is that this is still an unresolved problem because law enforcement’s sensitivity to the needs of women and children has yet to be developed. Gender mainstreaming is then encouraged to overcome this. The problem that is the focus of discussion in this research is how to increase the accessibility of justice for women and children in religious courts. The aim is to elaborate and analyze the problem of how to increase the accessibility of justice for women and children in religious courts. The research method used is normative juridical, the research specification is descriptive analysis, and the data collection technique is library research. The research results show that most of the existing obstacles in access to justice and law for women and children after divorce still exist and still need to be resolved. The Supreme Court, as the supervisor of religious courts, has issued several regulations to overcome this problem. In fact, after several of these regulations were issued, difficulties with access to justice continued to occur, primarily related to the implementation of decisions/ executions. Gender mainstreaming by judges and religious court officials is needed to narrow the gap in access to justice and law for women and children after divorce. The urgency is because women and children are vulnerable parties, have limitations, and have extensive obstacles in accessing justice in court. Hence, they require support for convenience, priority access, simplification of business processes, and additional authority for judges in their positions (e.g., officio) when handling cases of women and children


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    In the development of criminal law globally, experts believe that preventing crime is much better than taking action. This article exemplifies several criminal cases, especially serial murder cases in Indonesia, which show the lack of quality in the crime prevention system in Indonesia. In line with these consequences, this article considers that Indonesia needs a kind of “warning” system to increase efforts to prevent crimes. Furthermore, this article refers to the experience of implementing the Osman Warning in the UK, improving the quality of crime prevention. This article concludes that there are many problems in the crime prevention system in Indonesia. In responding to these problems, this article aims to answer three concerns. First, what are the difficulties in preventing crime in Indonesia? Second, what is the extent of the obligations of law enforcement in preventing crimes? Third, what is the probability of adopting the Osman Warning concept in Indonesia? Furthermore, this article claims that the probability of implementing the Osman Warning in Indonesia is relatively high and is suitable for implementation. Finally, this article provides a view that special regulations are needed in the laws and rules to accommodate the Osman Warning in the criminal law system in Indonesia


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