Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA (Science Education Graduate Program University of Mataram)
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    Efektivitas Metode Jarimatika Berbantu Kartu Bilangan Terhadap Hasil Belajar Materi Perkalian Siswa

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    Perkalian dasar merupakan kemampuan berhitung yang perlu dikuasai siswa kelas III untuk dapat menyelesaikan soal perkalian lanjutan atau perkalian susun. Namun, hal ini menjadi salah satu permasalahan berhitung karena siswa keliru dalam mengingat hasil perhitungannya, sehingga diperlukan metode berhitung untuk membantu menentukan hasil perkalian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas metode jarimatika berbantu kartu bilangan terhadap hasil belajar materi perkalian siswa kelas III SDN 15 Mataram Tahun Ajaran 2023/2024. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen jenis quasi eksperimental tipe nonequivalent control group design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu seluruh peserta didik kelas III SDN 15 Mataram. Teknik sampling yang digunakan yaitu sampling total dengan sampel sebanyak 21 peserta didik kelas III/A sebagai kelas eksperimen dan 23 peserta didik kelas III/B sebagai kelas kontrol. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini yaitu tes hasil belajar berupa tes pilihan ganda dan isian (pre-test dan post-test). Teknik analilsis data dilakukan terlebih dahulu dengan uji normalitas dan homogenitas terhadap data pre-test dan post-test sebagai prasyarat melakukan uji hipotesis dan N-gain. Pengujian hipotesis penelitian menggunakan perhitungan uji Independent Sample t-Test. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan (4,82)>(2,02) pada signifikansi 5% dengan dk = 42 yang artinya ย diterima dan ย ditolak. Maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada perbedaan antara rata-rata nilai post-test kedua kelas yang artinya metode jarimatika berbantu kartu bilangan efektif ditinjau dari nilai post-test setelah pemberian perlakuan. Hal ini dapat dibuktikan dengan hasil uji N-gain yang didapat adalah 71,6% dengan kategori cukup efektif untuk pembelajaran yang menerapkan metode jarimatika berbantu kartu bilangan

    Analisis Sikap Ilmiah Peserta Didik Melalui Pengalaman Kegiatan Praktikum Pembelajaran Kimia

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    This research aims to analyze and determine the profile of scientific attitudes of class XI students at SMA Negeri 1 Woja, West Nusa Tenggara based on chemistry practicum experience. This research is aquantitative descriptive research with the method used is the survey method. The research instrument used was a closed questionnaire, then analyzed quantitatively by calculating the percentage of the overall score or average value and categorized. The results of the research show that the scientific attitude in the aspect of curiosity got a score of 87.55% with very good criteria, honesty attitude got a score of 83% with good criteria, Objectify attitude got a score of 85.85% with very good criteria, perseverance got a score of 85.96% with very good criteria, conscientiousness got a score of 85.65% with very good criteria, Openness attitude got a score of 87.56% with very good criteria, Being critical thinking got a score of 84.44% with good criteria, responsibility got a score of 87.39% with very good criteria. So it can be concluded that students' scientific attitudes through chemistry practical experience have a score of 75.37% with good criteria.Kimia merupakan salah satu bidang studi sains yang sangat erat kaitannya dengan kegiatan eksperimen dan praktikum. Tentunya kegiatan praktikum sangat membutuhkan keterampilan dan sikap ilmiah. Aspek sikap ilmiah yang digunakan yaitu sikap ingin tahu, jujur, objektif, tekun, teliti, terbuka, kritis, dan tanggung jawab. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mengetahui profil sikap ilmiah dari peserta didik kelas XI di SMA Negeri 1 Woja, Nusa Tenggara Barat bedasarkan pengalaman praktikum kimia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan berupa angket tertutup, kemudian dianalisis secara kuantitatif dengan menghitung persentase skor keseluruhan atau nilai rata-rata dan dikategorikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sikap ilmiah pada aspek rasa ingi tahu mendapat nilai 87.55% dengan kriteria sangat baik, sikap jujur mendapat nilai 83% dengan kriteria baik, sikap objektif mendapat nilai 85.85% dengan kriteria sangat baik, tekun mendapat nilai 85.96% dengan kriteria sangat baik, teliti mendapat nilai 85.65% dengan kriteria sangat baik, sikap terbuka mendapat nilai 87.56% dengan kriteria sangat baik, berpikir kritis mendapat nilai 84.44% dengan kriteria baik, tanggung jawab mendapat nilai 87.39% dengan kriteria sangat baik. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa sikap ilmiah siswa melalui pengalaman praktikum kimia memiliki perolehan skor sebesar 75.37% dengan kriteria baik. &nbsp

    Unraveling the Seismic Signal Anomaly at Mount Rinjani Station: In-Depth Exploration with the Detrended Fluctuation (DFA) Analysis Method in Connection with the 2018 Big Earthquake on Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara

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    We analyzed the seismic signals of the Mount Rinjani station to identify possible seismic anomalies before a series of major earthquakes on Lombok Island in 2018. We observe anomalies before earthquake events Mw >= 5.90. This research applies the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) method to investigate possible earthquake precursors associated with the analyzed earthquake. The results showed a relationship between scaling seismic signals (ฮฑ) that exceeds the threshold of ฮฑ values during the analysis period, and there is a deviation of the root mean square fluctuations in the corresponding scaling that should be rising but constant. The value of ฮฑ with constant root mean square fluctuations occurs one to three days before the preliminary earthquake Mw 6.40 (28/07/2018) UTC and eight to 10 days before the main earthquake Mw 6.90 (05/08/2018). The Mw 6.90 earthquake had the most magnitude and could significantly contribute to the appearance of seismic anomalies.Rentetan gempa bumi di Pulau Lombok pada tahun 2018 terjadi pada bulan Juli hingga Agustus yang mengakibatkan banyak korban jiwa dan kerusakan berbagai infrastruktur. Gempa bumi awal terjadi pada tanggal 28 Juli 2018 (UTC) dengan magnitudo Mw 6,4. Kemudian gempa utama (mainshock) terjadi tujuh hari setelah gempa pendahuluan yakni 5 Agustus 2018 berkekuatan Mw 6,9. Gempa susulan terjadi pada 9 Agustus 2018 berkekuatan Mw 5,9 dan pada 19 Agustus 2018 berkekuatan Mw 6,9 dan Mw 6,3. Upaya untuk mengurangi dampak gempa bumi seperti yang terjadi di Pulau Lombok pada tahun 2018 adalah dengan mengetahui tanda-tanda awal sebelum gempa terjadi. Salah satu cara untuk memperkirakan waktu gempa adalah dengan mengidentifikasi anomali pada data sinyal seismik yang dapat dianggap sebagai prekursor. Pada penelitian ini data sinyal seismik yang bersumber dari stasiun Gunung Rinjani tahun 2018 diolah dengan metode Detrended Fluctuation Analysis. Berdasarkan hasil pengolahan data, gradien detrend sinyal seismik (ฮฑ) teridentifikasi anomali satu hingga tiga hari sebelum kejadian gempa awal. Namun, masih diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk memastikan anomali tersebut dengan mengolah data beberapa tahun sebelum dan sesudah tahun 2018

    Analisis Keberlanjutan Dan Strategi Pengembangan Wisata Desa โ€œEmbung Pedangโ€ Di Desa Kepohkidul

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    Tourism development in East Java is considered appropriate because it will have an impact on the economic activities of village communities. Kepohkidul Village, Kedungadem District, Bojonegoro Regency has a tourist attraction, namely "Embung Pedang". This research aims to find a tourism strategy for Embong Pedang, Kepohkidul Village. The method used is Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) analysis. The research was conducted in Kepohkidul Village, Kedungadem District, Bojonegoro Regency from October to November 2023. The resulting index value shows that each dimension calculated sequentially has various statuses, namely the ecological dimension which is very sustainable, the economic, social and infrastructure dimensions which are still not sustainable, and the institutional dimensions are considered poor or unsustainable. The conclusion is sustainability index are not yet optimal in terms of dimensions, the sustainability of tourism needs to be improved especially in technology adoption to increase tourism in the village of "Embung Pedang".Pariwisata dapat menjadi industri andalan untuk daerah yang tidak memiliki sumber daya alam migas, hasil hutan dan industri manufaktur. Pengembangan pariwisata di Jawa Timur dinilai tepat karena akan berdampak pada kegiatan ekonomi masyarakat desa dan hal ini tentu dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat di sekitar obyek wisata. Desa Kepohkidul Kecamatan Kedungadem Kabupaten Bojonegoro mempunyai objek wisata, yaitu โ€œEmbung Pedangโ€ yang saat ini sedang dianggarkan pengembangannya melalui Dana Desa. Potensi wisata selayaknya dikelola semaksimal mungkin sehingga potensi wisata memberikan manfaat yang besar bagi kesejahteraan masyarakat, dan dapat dilestarikan melalui langkah atau upaya pelestarian yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat itu sendiri sehingga pariwisata menjadi cara atau upaya mengelola potensi daerah. Untuk mewujudkannya, diperlukan identifikasi keberlanjutan dari aspek ekologi, ekonomi, sosial, kelembagaan dan infrastruktur yang ada untuk menentukan aspek yang memerlukan perbaikan dan pembangunan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan strategi keberlanjutan wisata Embong Pedang, Desa Kepohkidul. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis Multidimensional Scaling (MDS). Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Kepohkidul Kecamatan Kedungadem Kabupaten Bojonegoro pada bulan Oktober hingga November 2023. Nilai indeks yang dihasilkan menunjukkan bahwa masing-masing dimensi yang dianalisis secara berurutan memiliki status yang bermacam-macam yaitu dimensi ekologi yang sangat berkelanjutan, dimensi ekonomi, sosial dan infrastruktur yang masih kurang berkelanjutan dan dimensi kelembagaan yang dinilai buruk atau tidak berkelanjutan. Maka dari itu banyak perbaikan yang perlu dilakukan untuk meningkatkan keberlanjutan wisata desa โ€œEmbung Pedangโ€

    Development of Student Cognitive Learning Outcomes Tests Based on Differentiated Learning

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    Differentiated learning is the core of the independent curriculum now. The aim of this research is to develop an instrument for measuring the cognitive learning outcomes of high school students based on differentiated learning on elasticity material and to obtain its characteristics. Differentiation, in this case, is differentiation of student learning styles. The instrument grid is arranged based on indicators of cognitive learning outcomes, which are then used to compile question items. The test instrument consists of two test sets, each of which has 9 items including two anchor items so that the total number of items is 16 items and has been validated by 6 experts. The validated instrument was tested on 252 respondents spread across high schools in the low, medium and high categories. Dichotomous data were analyzed using the Partial Credit Model (PCM). The trial results showed that all 16 items and the differentiated learning-based student cognitive learning outcomes test instrument were proven to be valid, fit the PCM model, and reliable, which means all items were in the good category. Thus, the test instrument developed meets the requirements for measuring the cognitive learning outcomes of high school students on elasticity material based on differentiated learning.Differentiated learning is the core of the independent curriculum now. The aim of this research is to develop an instrument for measuring the cognitive learning outcomes of high school students based on differentiated learning on elasticity material and to obtain its characteristics. Differentiation, in this case, is differentiation of student learning styles. The instrument grid is arranged based on indicators of cognitive learning outcomes, which are then used to compile question items. The test instrument consists of two test sets, each of which has 9 items including two anchor items so that the total number of items is 16 items and has been validated by 6 experts. The validated instrument was tested on 252 respondents spread across high schools in the low, medium and high categories. Dichotomous data were analyzed using the Partial Credit Model (PCM). The trial results showed that all 16 items and the differentiated learning-based student cognitive learning outcomes test instrument were proven to be valid, fit the PCM model, and reliable, which means all items were in the good category. Thus, the test instrument developed meets the requirements for measuring the cognitive learning outcomes of high school students on elasticity material based on differentiated learning

    Differentiated Learning Integrated with Social Emotional Awareness and Digital Learning Media in Improving the Students Motivation and Learning Outcomes

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    This learning is designed to facilitate the individual learning needs of different learners by integrating social and emotional awareness. The purpose of this research to improving the motivation and learning outcomes. This research uses the development of the ADDIE model. The results show an increase in student learning outcomes and student learning motivation in class XI IA2 SMA Negeri 1 Krueng Barona Jaya. Student learning outcomes with paired sample T-test test obtained sig. (2-tailed) 0.00 <0.05. Is a significant difference between biology learning outcomes in pre-test and post-test data. Students' responses through plasma membranes in class XI IA2 SMA Negeri 1 Krueng Barona Jaya is Very Good, with a percentage of 91.91%

    The Application of Different Fertilizers and Depths in The Rearing of Seaweed Caulerpa racemosa Using a Concrete Tank

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    This study used a concrete tank to analyze the interaction between different fertilizers and depths in C. racemose seaweed rearing. This study was experimental, using a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 2 factors, namely fertilizer (P) and depth (K). The fertilizers consisted of NPK (P1) and sap (P2), and the depths (K) consisted of 5 cm (K1), 10 cm (K2), and 15 cm (K3). Each treatment was repeated 3 times, so we had 18 combined treatments. The study was done at the Cultivation Laboratory of the National Innovation Research Agency (BRIN), Lombok, Indonesia. Research procedures included preparing material and tools, rearing C. racemosa, and harvesting C. racemosa. Research parameters included final weight, final length, specific decline rate, and survival rate. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. The results showed that the interaction of different fertilizers and depths affected the final weight, specific decline rate, and survival rate of C. racemosa. Meanwhile, the final length of C. racemosa was only influenced by different fertilizers. The best treatment happened in the interaction of NPK fertilizer and a depth of 15 cm, which gave a survival rate of 89%, a final weight of 88.66 g, and a specific decline rate of -10.67%/dayThis study used a concrete tank to analyze the interaction between different fertilizers and depths in C. racemose seaweed rearing. This study was experimental, using a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 2 factors, namely fertilizer (P) and depth (K). The fertilizers consisted of NPK (P1) and sap (P2), and the depths (K) consisted of 5 cm (K1), 10 cm (K2), and 15 cm (K3). Each treatment was repeated 3 times, so we had 18 combined treatments. The study was done at the Cultivation Laboratory of the National Innovation Research Agency (BRIN), Lombok, Indonesia. Research procedures included preparing material and tools, rearing C. racemosa, and harvesting C. racemosa. Research parameters included final weight, final length, specific decline rate, and survival rate. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. The results showed that the interaction of different fertilizers and depths affected the final weight, specific decline rate, and survival rate of C. racemosa. Meanwhile, the final length of C. racemosa was only influenced by different fertilizers. The best treatment happened in the interaction of NPK fertilizer and a depth of 15 cm, which gave a survival rate of 89%, a final weight of 88.66 g, and a specific decline rate of -10.67%/da

    An Article Pengembangan Modul Pembelajaran Berbasis Etnopedagogi Suku Sasak pada Materi IPAS Bab 5 Kelas IV

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    Kurikulum merdeka menekankan pentingnya integrasi budaya lokal dalam materi pembelajaran di sekolah. Sementara itu, proses pembelajaran IPAS Bab 5 kelas IV di SDN 38 Cakranegara belum menunjukkan adanya integrasi budaya lokal dalam materi yang dipelajari. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengembangkan modul pembelajaran berbasis etnopedagogi suku Sasak pada materi IPAS bab 5 untuk peserta didik kelas IV yang valid dan praktis. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode penelitian Research & Development (R&D) dengan model 4D. Prosedur penelitian adalah sebagai berikut: pendefinisian (define), perancangan (design), pengembangan (development), dan penyebaran (disseminate). Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah angket validasi ahli media dan materi serta angket respon guru dan peserta didik. Analisis data dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Desain pengembangan modul pembelajaran berbasis etnopedagogi suku Sasak ini terdiri dari tiga bagian yakni pendahuluan, isi modul, dan penutup. Penelitian ini menunjukkan persentase hasil uji validasi ahli media sebesar 87,53% dengan kategori sangat valid, ahli materi sebesar 82,23% dengan kategori sangat valid, respon peserta didik sebesar 88,91% dengan kategori sangat praktis, dan respon guru sebesar 89,99% dengan kategori sangat praktis. Berdasarkan hasil uji validasi ahli materi dan media yang diperkuat oleh hasil respon guru dan peserta didik dapat disimpulkan bahwa modul pembelajaran berbasis etnopedagogi suku Sasak pada materi IPAS bab 5 kelas IV dinyatakan sangat valid dan sangat praktis untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran

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    According to the WHO data in 2019, nearly all of the global population resides in areas that do not meet the WHO guidelines for air quality. This study is to address the issue of indoor air pollution through the use of Photobioreactor technology and Hydrilla Verticillata plants. The experimental findings demonstrate that the rate of photosynthesis and production of oxygen bubbles by the Hydrilla plants are significantly influenced by adequate light intensity and exposure to CO2. By employing this innovative Photobioreactor technology, it is anticipated that indoor air quality can be enhanced, thereby contributing to the resolution of air pollution problems. This research adopts a combination of descriptive and experimental methods, utilizing a prototype scale for conducting experiments. Secondary data, in the form of published scientific articles from both international and national journals, serve as the source of data. The collected data is then qualitatively analyzed through descriptive means. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that this research offers valuable insights into the use of Hydrilla plants in innovative technologies for the improvement of air quality and human health, particularly by implementing photosynthesis processes within Photobioreactor technology

    Pengembangan Bahan Ajar IPADigital Bermuatan Etno-STEM Proses Pembuatan Jajanan Tradisional Sidoarjo Materi Gaya dan Gerak Benda untuk Melatih Literasi Sains pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

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    This study aims to develop digital science teaching materials with Ethno-STEM content to train elementary students' scientific literacy. The research method used is the ADDIE Research and Development (R&D) model (Analyze, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation). The results of the feasibility of digital science teaching materials obtained a percentage of 92.42% with very feasible criteria. The effectiveness of digital science teaching materials was declared effective by the results of the paired t-test which showed that there was an average difference in the pretest and posttest data, and the n-gain results scored 0.40 with the criteria of being effective. The results of the student response questionnaire after the learning process obtained a percentage of 90.35%; as well as the results of the teacher's response questionnaire after the learning process obtained a percentage of 90.62%. The results of student and teacher responses obtained very positive criteria. The conclusions of this study are that digital science teaching materials with Ethno-STEM content are effective in training scientific literacy for grade IV elementary school students.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan bahan ajar sains digital dengan konten Ethno-STEM untuk melatih literasi sains siswa SD. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Penelitian Pengembangan (R&D) model ADDIE (Analyze, Design, Development, Implementation dan Evaluation). Hasil kelayakan bahan ajar IPA digital memperoleh persentase sebesar 92,42% dengan kriteria sangat layak yang diperoleh dari rata-rata hasil uji validasi materi, bahasa, media dan keterbacaan oleh siswa, uji praktikalitas oleh siswa, uji praktikalitas oleh guru, dan juga tes pelaksanaan siswa. Keefektifan bahan ajar IPA digital dinyatakan efektif berdasarkan hasil uji t berpasangan yang menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan rata-rata data pretest dan posttest, serta hasil n-gain memperoleh nilai 0,40 dengan kriteria sedang/efektif. . Hasil angket respon siswa setelah proses pembelajaran diperoleh persentase sebesar 90,35%; serta hasil angket respon guru setelah proses pembelajaran memperoleh persentase sebesar 90,62%. Hasil respon siswa dan guru memperoleh kriteria sangat positif. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah bahan ajar sains digital dengan konten Ethno-STEM efektif dalam melatih literasi sains siswa kelas IV SD

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