Kennesaw State University

DigitalCommons@Kennesaw State University
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    Advancements in South Korea\u27s Multilingual and Multicultural Initiatives: Perspectives from Bilingual Immigrant Coaches and Korean Government Officials working in Health Family Support Centers

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    Health Family Support Centers in South Korea play a pivotal role in promoting multilingualism and multiculturalism in South Korea that practices Korean-only assimilation policies. With an increased influx of multicultural immigrants, these centers provide assistance and services to immigrants. These centers also serve as a hub for both immigrants who have gained proficiency in the Korean language and culture also work there as bilingual coaches and translators, and dedicated Koreans fostering cultural harmony. Thus, it is crucial to examine experiences and perspectives of employees striving for immigrant equity in South Korea at these centers. This study explores the perspectives and experiences of employees in Health Family Support Centers across South Korea, specifically eight bilingual coaches in different cities and five government officials in the northwest region of Seoul. Data was collected through individual interviews lasting 70 to 120 minutes with the bilingual coaches, originating from countries like China, Japan, and Vietnam, along with a 130-minute focus group interview with government officials. It aims to understand how these experiences contribute to our knowledge of challenges and opportunities in promoting equity for immigrants and implications for policies related to multilingualism and multiculturalism in ethnolinguistic minority family contexts. Thematic coding in our qualitative analysis revealed that the coaches found their work rewarding but faced challenges like heavy caseloads, lack of early childhood education expertise, and coaching in incompetent languages. Korean government officials, drawing on their experiences as directors, noted issues such as insufficient resources including funds for employees, heavy caseloads with both proficient and non-proficient tasks, employee numbers, awareness, and the need to support immigrant mothers. This research has broader implications for policies and programs supporting ethnolinguistic minority families and children in promoting multilingualism and multiculturalism beyond South Korea

    The Voice-To-Text Implementation with ChatGPT in Unitree Go1 Programming.

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    The application of large language models (LLMs) has become more widespread as they are increasingly being integrated in various ways. LLMs, such as ChatGPT, are revolutionary models capable of processing large amounts of data to output human-like texts as well as executable code. This research explores these applications as it investigates the implementation of ChatGPT with the Unitree Go1 Robot Dog, specifically focusing on integrating voice prompts to instruct the Unitree Go1 robot dog. The methodology involves creating an interface to facilitate communication between the ChatGPT API and the Unitree Go1 SDK. To achieve this integration, a second WiFi adapter was utilized to bridge the communication between the robot dog and LLM. The code is then generated for user inspection and executed upon approval. This connection simplifies the process to control the robot dog allowing users with limited knowledge to execute commands. Additionally, those with coding experience can utilize this to expedite the process of software development. Research in this technology holds immense potential for enabling users to explore and experiment with different functionalities of the robot dog, contributing to enhanced comprehension and testing capabilities within the field of robotics

    Mind Games: Meditation\u27s Impact on Cognitive Abilities & Athletic Performance

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    This study assesses the impact of a four-week mindfulness and meditation program, leveraging a YouTube guided meditation, on cognitive flexibility, attention, and overall well-being in KSU student-athletes. Amidst the pressures of athletic commitments, academic responsibilities, and personal life management, student-athletes face unique challenges that may affect their mental health and cognitive functioning. This research fills a notable gap by exploring the potential benefits of a short, accessible, self-guided meditation regimen. Participants will undergo baseline evaluations using cognitive tasks such as the Stroop and Sustained Attention to Response Task, along with comprehensive questionnaires to assess aspects of mental health and well-being, including mental toughness, life satisfaction, metacognition, stress, mindfulness, and sleep quality. The experimental group will engage three times a week in guided meditation sessions via YouTube, with adherence monitored through survey usage data. Comparative analyses will be performed on pre- and post-intervention measures against a control group to evaluate the program\u27s effectiveness. Anticipated findings aim to demonstrate the short-term mindfulness intervention\u27s efficacy in enhancing cognitive and emotional well-being among student-athletes. This research contributes to the understanding of non-pharmacological interventions in sports psychology, offering evidence for integrating mindfulness and meditation into athletic training programs to support student-athlete mental health and cognitive performance

    STEM Peer Augmented Success & Support (STEM-PASS)-Using TI-Robotic Kits and EEG-enhanced Brain Augmented Technology Research of Attention

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    This research was conducted to investigate attention and learning related issues. Electroencephalography (EEG) techniques were used to analyze the effects of immersive content on learning outcomes and the efficacy of differing music genres within the learning environment. Examination of the impacts of components, such as the Eriksen Flanker Task, Music, and Immersion Technologies (VR and AR), were studied using EMOTIV Tools such as EPOC Flex, EPOC X Headsets, zSpace 3D laptop, and Oculus Quest 2 Headset. Participants were fitted with the above Tools and put through the Eriksen Flanker Tasks which utilizes congruent, incongruent, and neutral stimuli to evaluate attention. This test was completed once without music, three times with unique music, and then once more without music. Participant data was analyzed in MATLAB for Alpha, Beta, and Theta waves, which are associated with attention and concentration. Analysis showed that activities requiring minimal engagement like 3D Cube observation without manipulation were associated with passive focus, while activities accompanied by distraction required a higher degree of cognitive effort for focus to be maintained. Overall, this research produced an enhanced understanding of attention dynamics in immersive environments

    Design and Development of Flexible Robots

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    Compliant mechanisms incorporate flexible members which imitate the motion behavior we see in the nature. The flexible links bend to create relative motion between the two neighboring links when subjected to input force, torque, or displacement. They provide several advantages due to their inherent properties such as less number of requirement to achieve desired outcomes, less friction, and thereby improved performance and accuracy. Additionally, due to the advances in additive manufacturing, development of compliant mechanisms is made simpler. Some of the preferable filaments are polyurethane thermoplastic (TPU) and polypreplane (PETG). In this research I worked on the redesign of a soft robot and a compliant five mechanism. The compliant five bar mechanism is designed to be utilized as an actuator to bend the flexible beams while driven by a single motor with gears and a linkage system. The 6 degrees of freedom robot is built and a sensor is attached to the top plate to obtain the mathematical model of the robot using experimental data

    Patterns of Violence Exposure Before and After COVID: Connections with Externalizing Behaviors

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    Adolescent exposure to violence (ETV) has been shown to be related to a host of negative youth outcomes, including poorer mental and physical health, desensitization to violence, increased externalizing, and lower educational attainment. The COVID-19 pandemic had a substantial impact on adolescents’ lives, including family, school, and social contexts (Loades et al., 2020). Concerns were also raised regarding the potential for increases in ETV during COVID restrictions (Ragavan et al., 2020). Research on pre/post COVID differences in ETV remains limited even nearly 4 years after the World Health Organization declared a “global health emergency.” This study uses data from the Arizona Youth Survey (AYS) to compare patterns of ETV pre-COVID (2018) and post-COVID (2020), as well as whether these patterns of ETV are differentially related to youths\u27 externalizing behavior. AYS is a school-based biennial survey conducted with 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students across the state of Arizona. Students reported their demographics, behavior, and family, school, and community risk and protective factors based on the Communities that Care student survey. This study used latent class analysis to identify patterns of ETV and their relations with externalizing. We found 6 classes of youth ETV, differentiated by the extent and type of violence exposure. Patterns of ETV were similar pre- and post-COVID, as were their relations with externalizing behavior. One class with higher ETV had moderate externalizing. There were no clear differences in rates of externalizing when comparing pre- and post-COVID classes. ETV during critical developmental periods can have a lasting impact on wellbeing and development (Mueller & Tronick, 2019). Our analyses did not find substantial differences in patterns of ETV before and after the COVID pandemic. Current prevention and intervention efforts may benefit from understanding the unique psychosocial risk and protective factors of youth who exhibit low externalizing despite high ETV

    Ode To Man

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    This is a metal song I wrote and recorded as an interpretation of Walt Whitman\u27s poem Song of Myself, part 32. Whitman writes about how he envies animals and their pure, blissful nature. I decided to write from the perspective of the animals, instead throwing shade towards humanity and its flaws. This piece was created in response to a prompt that asked students to adapt a poem into a new form of media. Students analyzed both the poem\u27s original purpose and meaning, as well as the adaptation process, in order to understand the components of storytelling and how to communicate effectively to an audience in multiple genres

    Inappropriate Inheritance of Histone Methylation Perturbs Muscle Structure and Function

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    The genetic makeup of living organisms can be passed down through generations via DNA. How tightly this DNA is wrapped around nucleosomes can also be inherited and affect gene expression. In eukaryotic cells, DNA is wrapped around histone proteins, which can be post-translationally modified. For example, when these histone proteins are methylated, it affects transcription of the specific genes that are associated with the histone protein. Generally, H3K4, H3K36, and H3K79 methylation are associated with active transcription, while H3K9 and H3K27 methylation are associated with repressed transcription. Histone modifying enzymes are responsible for adding and removing histone methylation marks and cooperate with one another to regulate proper gene expression during development, including establishing germline versus somatic cell fate. When these histone modifying enzymes don’t function properly, germline genes can become ectopically expressed in somatic tissues. During maternal reprogramming, SPR-5, an H3K4 demethylase, removes the active H3K4me modification, while MET-2, a methyltransferase, adds a repressive H3K9me modification. It has been shown that this maternal reprogramming is antagonized by the H3K36 methyltransferase MES-4, which maintains transcriptional memory across a subset of germline genes over generations. The maternal loss of SPR-5 and MET-2 allows for MES-4 to maintain transcriptional memory unchecked, resulting in ectopic expression germline genes in somatic tissues. The double mutants spr-5; met-2 have shown significant developmental delay and muscle defects due to this aberrant expression. Recently, we conducted motility assays on spr-5; met-2 mutants and spr-5; met-2 mutants rescued by mes-4 RNAi feeding. We observed a significant decrease in the motility of spr-5; met-2 mutants, and that motility levels returned closer to wild type levels when we knocked down mes-4. In addition, motility assays were conducted on single mutants in early generations (both spr-5 and met-2). Interestingly, spr-5 mutants showed similar motility levels to wild type while met-2 mutants showed significantly lower motility levels. These mutants were stained in order to show possible muscle myofilament defects compared to those defects seen in the double mutant stains. RNA sequencing was conducted in order to look at gene expression levels. Interestingly, there was an overall dampening in the expression levels of muscle genes needed for proper development of muscle, which rescued under mes-4 RNAi. We expect phenotypes to get worse over generations as H3K4 methylation accumulates in these mutants. These results will give us insight into how errors in maternal reprogramming can lead to tissue-specific phenotypes during development, that are also expressed in human patients

    Examination of how inappropriate inheritance of histone methylation affects muscle function

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    Histone methylation is a post-transcriptional modification to the N-terminal tails of histone core proteins that regulates DNA accessibility, and consequently, gene expression. Like DNA, histone methylation can be inherited between generations, and is highly regulated during embryonic development. At fertilization, histone methylation must undergo maternal reprogramming to reset the epigenetic landscape in the new zygote. During maternal reprogramming of histone methylation in C. elegans, H3K4me (a modification associated with active transcription) is removed by the H3K4 demethylase, SPR-5, and H3K9me (a modification associated with transcriptional repression) is subsequently added by the histone methyltransferase, MET-2. Recently, we demonstrated that SPR- 5; MET-2 maternal reprogramming antagonizes the H3K36 methyltransferase, MES-4, which maintains a transcriptional memory of a subset of germline genes between generations. Maternal loss of SPR-5 and MET-2 results in ectopic expression of MES-4 germline genes in somatic tissues and a range of severe developmental phenotypes. One of these severe developmental phenotypes is defects in body wall muscle morphology. As part of a curriculum-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) implemented in Developmental Biology (BIOL_4390K), students performed muscle motility assays to examine of inappropriately inherited H3K4me2 affect muscle function. Data from this CURE will be integrated into ongoing research in the Carpenter Lab aimed at understanding how inappropriate inheritance of chromatin states affect normal development. Our findings will provide insights into how aberrant soma-to-germline transition leads to complex developmental phenotypes that overlap with human patients harboring mutations in these same enzymes

    The Role of Sense of Purpose in Health Navigation among Marginalized Older Adults

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    A sense of purpose is a central, self-organizing life aim that guides choices and behaviors (Lewis, 2020; Mcknight & Kashdan 2009). In older adulthood, having a sense of purpose is linked with positive health (Musich et al., 2018; Lewis & Hill, 2021). Understanding how older adults who identify as socially marginalized (e.g., racially/ ethnically diverse, LGBTQ+) leverage purpose to navigate their health, for example, when setting health values, making health decisions, or adapting to health challenges may support the development of tailored resources to combat social disparities embedded in healthcare systems. This study used qualitative thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2012). to explore the role of purpose in marginalized older adults’ current health navigation and include how purpose and health navigation change across adulthood. Nineteen older men and women who identified as socially marginalized (Mage = 66.5) participated in semi-structured interviews Analyses revealed that older adults draw on purpose to guide health by maintaining personally meaningful, health-related (e.g., health education, caregiving) vocations into late life and by modeling positive health behaviors for others. Further, the role of purpose in health navigation changed across their adulthoods: participants described shifts from adversity-driven purpose to wellness-focused purpose, translating early adversity into current health motivation, and finding space for their authentic purpose when health was considered to stabilize. Findings demonstrate that, for marginalized older adults, their relationship with their health may improve across the lifespan as they overcome adversity and health becomes enmeshed in purpose. Findings support refining health interventions to account for the role of purpose for older adults who have faced undue social hardship

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    DigitalCommons@Kennesaw State University is based in United States
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