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    P2 7 What do stars do best? Shine!

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    In the film ’Stardust’, the magical realm of Stormhold encounters a fallen star in the form a humanΒ woman. In the final encounter against the evil witch, she does what stars do and shines as brightΒ as she can to destroy said witch.By modeling the β€˜starlight’ as surface power density (surfaceΒ irradiance) equivalent to the sun at 6.41Γ—10^7Wmβˆ’2, we determined a radiation pressure actingΒ on the witch to be 1.48Γ—10^βˆ’3Pa at a distance of 3 m. For a radiation pressure strong enough toΒ destroy human skin, we calculated a surface irradiance of 1.17Γ—10^18Wmβˆ’2

    A3 3 Clarkson's Chernobyl Incident

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    This paper investigates the effectiveness of Jeremy Clarkson’s method of opening his car boot to run out of fuel before arriving in Chernobyl. We use air resistance and power equations to find that with the boot open, the car uses 6.83 l/hr when travelling at 110 km/hr. This is an approximate 85% increase to the normal efficiency of the car

    A3 2 Steak du Soleil

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    In this paper we have explored the possibility of cooking the perfect steak using only solar radiation and have posed the question: How close to the sun would have to be to cook the perfect steak? We found that you would need to be approximately within 220000 km and that is far closer than any human could withstand. We concluded that using solar radiation was not a viable method of cooking a steak

    A5 9 Stellar replacements

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    In this paper we investigated what the impact that replacing the Sun with other main sequence stars, with the same apparent bolometric magnitude, would have on the incoming radiation at the surface of the Earth. We considered the effects of atmospheric absorption on the black body radiation of the stars. We found that the relationship between star type and incoming radiation peaks at Sun-like stars and then drops off for smaller and larger classifications

    How Many Earths Are Needed to Support a Mole of Moles?

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    A mole is a unit for the amount of a substance so that one mole contains exactly 6.02214076 x 1023 particles, but a mole is also a furry mammal that lives underground and eats earthworms. As with all animals, they require sufficient space to live comfortably and to grow, and they have a preferred habitat. This paper explores how much space on the Earth is suitable for moles to inhabit and estimates how many Earths would be required to support a mole of moles

    Museums as Humanitarian and Spiritual Help for Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars

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    This article presents research on museums during the occupation and annexation of Crimea since 2014, as well as information relating to institutions in the Kyiv, Kherson, and Zhytomyr regions of Ukraine following Russia’s full-scale invasion in 2022. The first part of the article analyzes the situation of the Museum of Crimean Tatar Heritage housed in the sixteenth-century Bakhchysarai Palace. In the second part, the article discusses museums dedicated to Joseph Conrad, Polina Rayko, and Maria Prymachenko, together with activist β€˜open-air’ museums by Banksy in the de-occupied part of the Kyiv region. With these geographical emphases, this article complements others in this collection

    The Structure and Function of Enzyme 42

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    In the video game Subnautica, Enzyme 42 is an enzyme produced by the Sea Emperor Leviathan. It is able to destroy the Kharaa bacterium, a disease-causing pathogen. The structure of an enzyme is often specific to its function. This paper unites the function of Enzyme 42 with a hypothetical structure, based on both its purpose in Subnautica, and real enzymes with similar functions

    Scream 2’s Screams to Screen Scream 6

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    Randy, a character, from Scream 2 acknowledges that the sequel of a horror film has more of everything than in the original. Considering this increased amplification Scream 2 was considered as a possible fuel to screen ScreamΒ 6, except based solely on the screams in Scream 2 and the length of those screams. From calculating intensity and power of the total screams in the film, which were 58, the power turned out to be 8,264,529,160Β W and this power is enough to screen Scream 6 and the other films in the franchise at least once; 1,366,313 screenings of Scream 6 can be powered with all the screams in Scream 2

    Exploding the Mayor

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    One of Buffy’s most challenging foes was the mayor, also known as Richard Wilikins, who was a sorcerer whose main ambition was becoming a pure demon. Once in demon form, as a Olvikan, he would almost be unstoppable. Previously the demon had been killed by a volcanic explosion and, on the Day of Ascension, Buffy used dynamite to kill him. This paper explores how much dynamite would be needed recreate an explosion the size of the volcano and the impact this would have in Sunnydale

    P1 1 Tongue-tied

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    This paper examines the tensile strength of a frog’s tongue when modelled as a pendulum to demonstrate that it would not be possible for a frog’s tongue to support the weight of two rats and itself as shown in the film Flushed Away. We calculated the tension on the frog’s tongue from its own weight plus a single rat to be 16.2 N, and with an additional rat, this increased to 19.1 N. However, given the strength-related properties of a frog’s tongue, we calculated the maximum tension it can withstand to be 18.5 N. Therefore, with the combined mass of two rats, 0.3 kg each, and the frog, 1.35 kg, this tension exceeds the maximum limit suggesting that such a feat would not be possible if it occurred in real life

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