eJournal of Sunan Gunung Djati State Islamic University (UIN)
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    6721 research outputs found

    ‘FOUR LEGS GOOD, TWO LEGS BETTER’: THE CHANGE OF UTOPIA TO DYSTOPIA IN GEORGE ORWELL’S ANIMAL FARM

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    This research is an analysis of the allegorical plot of Animal Farm and its clever usage of anthropomorphism in the change from a peaceful farm to a tyrannical one. This paper indicates the major features of the change from a utopian farm to a dystopian one, such as the perpetually increasing amount of labour that each animal has to undertake, the obvious decrease of ration which the pigs use for trading otherwise, the disturbing intervention into animals' personal freedom and thought by the totalitarian pigs and many more accounts that further establish such change. The aim of this was to shed light on those distinct paths that may lead any society towards dystopia, lest any community may have already begun going down such paths, to alert them and reverberate the sounding alarm. At the beginning, this research dealt with an introduction to the background of the time and literary movement that was present during the process of writing Animal Farm, namely the rise of the Stalinisit regime, and the surge of Utopian/Dystopian novels. The second chapter studies previous research written on the same topic as this one, the early events in Animal Farm and their effect on shaping the farm, and the significance of freedom within the farm. The third chapter consists of demonstrating the fundamental changes that contributed to the decline of the farm into its eventual dystopian nature, and a conclusion on the matter. The paper uses a textual and historical approaches in analyzing the texts of the novella.  Keywords: utopia, dystopia, orwell, labour, liberty, tyranny, commandment, censorshi

    Resolution to Ethnic Conflict: Anti-Chinese Riots in Garut, Indonesia, in the middle of the Twentieth Century

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    The Anti-Chinese riots in Indonesia are a dark side of history that must be uncovered. The riots caused by ethnicity and racism worldwide, such as the recent Anti-Chinese issue in the United States, also occurred even in Indonesia after World War II. The racial riots in Garut destroyed Chinese-owned houses, factories, and shops on two consecutive days. The research uses historical methods, namely heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography, that reveal the memories of victims, perpetrators, witnesses, and rare primary personal archives. Through a social history approach, the research indicates that not only ethnicity causes violence but also social, political, and religious sentiments initiated by youth organizations, local religious leaders, and former followers of the revolutionary movement. This study provides benefits so that the public and stakeholders can manage ethnic, religious, racial, and inter-group issues to avoid ethnic conflicts that end in violence

    Development of Regional Human Rights Regime in Asia: Defining the Challenges

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    This study analyses the progress made toward establishing a cohesive regional human rights framework in Asia while identifying key obstacles that hinder its evolution. It also explores the intricate nature of constructing a unified structure for human rights in the region through a comprehensive examination of historical, cultural, political, and economic elements. The examination of current mechanisms such as the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) and the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Asian Human Rights Declaration highlights both the constraints and potential avenues for advancement. The study posits that a collaborative approach, involving regional organizations, civil society, and international collaboration, is crucial despite historical legacies, cultural differences, and economic paradoxes. The significance of addressing these challenges is highlighted by the potential advantages of establishing a unified human rights regime, which encompasses regional stability and the safeguarding of individual rights. The imperative of promoting a transformative human rights framework in Asia necessitates the maintenance of an inclusive dialogue among stakeholders moving forward

    Nonviolent Theology in the Syrian Protests: A Critical Analysis of Jawdat Sa‘īd's Qur'anic Exegesis

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    The non-violent protests in Syria against the government, before eventually being co-opted by armed forces, marked a unique resistance against the regime during that period. Jawdat Sa‘īd, a theorist, writer, and activist, inspired activists during this time by advocating for a theology of non-violence as the authentic foundation for Islamic life. The theological basis was drawn from a specific interpretation of the Quran. Sa‘īd's understanding of the Quranic revelation was analysed using the approach formulated by Shahab Ahmed, demonstrating its validity in comprehending Islamic thought deeply. The research problem addressed the non-violent characteristics of the Syrian protests, while the research goal aimed to unveil the critical role of Sa‘īd's interpretation of the Quran in shaping this movement. Through methods involving text analysis and Sa‘īd's understanding of specific verses, the research findings highlighted the impact of Sa‘īd's non-violent theology on activists and the foundation for peaceful resistance. The research conclusion emphasised the importance of contextual understanding of the Quran and a non-violent perspective in shaping social movements. This study contributes to a better understanding of contemporary Islamic thought and strategies for resistance that can be adopted in similar contexts

    Selayang Pandang Tafsir Bi Al-Ra’yi

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    Seiring berkembangnya zaman, tafsir al-Qur’an mengalami banyak problematika dalam perkembangannya, terutama pada sumber penafsiran sekunder atau tafsir bi al-ra’yi. Hal ini disebabkan karena pada dasarnya Rasulullah Saw tidak memberikan penjelasan ayat al-Qur’an secara menyeluruh, sehingga mendorong para sahabat untuk senantiasa menafsirkan dan mencari tahu makna yang terkandung pada ayat-ayat al-Qur’an. Apalagi pasca wafatnya Rasulullah Saw banyak muncul permasalahan yang belum pernah ada di zamannya, yang menjadikan penafsiran dengan menggunakan ra’yu amat dibutuhkan. Dengan demikian, diperlukan adanya pengkajian kembali tentang tafsir bi al-ra’yi untuk mengetahui lebih jauh terkait sejarah, problematika, maupun batasan-batasan yang ada pada tafsir bi al-ra’yi. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif yang menghasilkan data deskriptif berupa hal-hal yang berkaitan dengan tafsir bi al-ra'yi melalui riset kepustakaan (library research). Adapun hasil dari penelitian ini adalah tafsir bi al-ra’yi merupakan penafsiran al-Qur’an dengan menggunakan nalar dan logika. Pada dasarnya tafsir bi al-ra’yi telah muncul di zaman Rasulullah, tetapi sebagian ulama mengganggapnya sebagai tafsir bi al-ma’tsur karena bersumber dari Nabi dan segala yang bersumber dari Nabi dianggap sebagai wahyu. Pada awalnya penafsiran dengan menggunakan ra’yu mengalami banyak penolakan karena dianggap dapat membawa pada kesesatan. Tetapi seiring berjalannya waktu, sebagian ulama memperbolehkan penggunaan akal dalam menafsirkan al-Qur’an, namun dengan syarat harus mengikuti sejumlah kaidah bahasa dan ketentuan lainnya

    Spiritual Counseling: The Urgency of Spirituality Development for Inmates in Correctional Institutions

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    This research is motivated by the tendency of many problems experienced by inmate which encourages the need for guidance and counseling services, especially spiritual counseling. Spiritual counseling exists as a form of commitment and moral responsibility in helping inmates as individuals who need assistance. This study aims to obtain a comprehensive analytical review of spiritual counseling in correctional institutions. In uncovering the results, a qualitative research approach was used with library research methods, by summarizing various relevant research results on spiritual counseling which can be used narratively in developing new theories and complementing previous theories. This study obtained results in the form of an overview of the provision of spiritual counseling services in prisons based on Islam in helping inmates to alleviate emotional suffering and obtain spiritual well-being. Spiritual counseling in developing the spirituality of the inmates is given through therapeutic personal-ritual activities which are carried out through five stages, namely centering and grounding, assessment, gathering energy, directing the energy, and gratitude and closure.

    Dinamika Ilmu Pengetahuan Dunia dalam Konteks Sistem Ekonomi Konvensional dan Sistem Ekonomi Islam

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    This research explores the dynamics of world science in the context of conventional economic systems and Islamic economic systems. The background reveals the central role of science in stimulating economic growth, as stated by Joseph E. Stiglitz, while the Islamic economic system emphasizes the integration of science with Islamic ethical values, as stated by Timur Kuran. The aim of the research is to investigate the contribution of science to economic growth in both paradigms, highlighting the essential comparison and potential integration of Islamic ethical values. The research method uses a comparative approach with literature analysis and in-depth interviews with economic experts and practitioners of Islamic economics. The results of the analysis show that science plays a role in the development of conventional economic systems and Islamic economic systems and encourages innovation and growth. This is demonstrated by the Islamic economic system which combines science with Islamic ethics, offering an inclusive and sustainable model. This comparison illustrates differences in views and the potential for integration, where Islamic ethical values can guide the application of science to achieve balanced economic growth. The implication of this research is the need to increase public education and awareness, government support, and the integration of ethical values in economic policy to achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth

    Hubungan Tuhan dan Manusia dalam QS. Al-Alaq Ayat 1-5 Tafsir Lenyepaneun Karya Moh. E. Hasim

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    Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk mengetahui tentang hubungan Tuhan dan manusia yang terdapat dalam QS. al-Alaq ayat 1-5 penafsiran Moh. E. Hasim dalam tafsirnya Ayat Suci Lenyepaneun. Metode penelitian yang dilakuakan dalam penulisan ini adalah kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif analitis. Langkah awal melakukan penelusuran mengenai ayat al-Quran yang berkaitan dengan ketauhidan yakni yang berhubungan antara Tuhan dengan manusia, kemudian ditemukan QS. al-Alaq ayat 1-5 dan ditafsirkan dengan menggunakan kitab tafsir ayat suci lenyepaneun yang dikarang oleh Moh. E. Hasim, kemudian menganalisis penafsirannya, selanjutnya penulis menyimpulkan ke dalam beberapa kalimat. Penemuan pertama bahwa hubungan Tuhan dengan manusia, Allah sebagai pencipta yakni sang khaliq sedangkan manusia adalah makhluq, yakni yang diciptakan-Nya. Baik alam sekitar maupun manusia adalah ciptaan Allah Tuhan yang maha Esa. Ciptaan Tuhan yang paling khas adalah manusia, yang masing-masing mempunyai kepribadian dan kecenderungan keagamaan yang berbeda. Dimaana manusia adalah makluq yang Allah ciptakan dari segumpal darah. Allah SWT melimpahkan martabat manusia dibandingkan dengan makhluk lain dan menciptakannya sebaik mungkin. Kedua, pernyataan akan Allah Tuhan yang maha mulia. Bahwasannya mulianya Allah adalah yang maha agung dan maha suci, agung tanpa ada tandingannya, dan suci tanpa ada yang menyerupainya. Sedangkan manusia, ia makhluq yang mulia karena Allah yang meninggikan derajatnya dan karena kesucian hatinya. Ketiga, Allah yang maha ilmu, hubungan Allah sebagai Tuhan yang mengajarkan dan manusia yang diajarkan. Dia yang mengajarkan manusia tentang apa-apa yang tidak diketahui manusia

    Analysis of Literacy Levels and Determinant the Purchase of Halal Cosmetics and Skincare among High School Students

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    Saat ini kosmetik menjadi barang yang wajib dimiliki dalam kehidupan sehari-hari yang tidak hanya digunakan oleh wanita, tetapi juga pria. Umat muslim saat ini sangat memperhatikan kehalalan makanan yang dikonsumsi, termasuk kehalalan kosmetik yang digunakan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat literasi dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA) di Kota Bogor dalam pembelian produk kosmetik halal. Analisis data yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan metodeStructural Equation Model – Partial Least Squares (SEM-PLS). Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan tingkat literasi siswa, sedangkan analisis SEM-PLS digunakan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keputusan pembelian kosmetik dan skincare halal pada siswa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kegiatan penyampaian materi yang dilakukan oleh peneliti memberikan dampak positif terhadap peningkatan literasi halal di kalangan pelajar SMA di Kota Bogor. Sementara itu, hasil analisis SEM-PLS menunjukkan adanya pengaruh positif dan signifikan antara labelisasi halal terhadap keputusan pembelian kosmetik dan skincare halal di kalangan pelajar SMA.Sedangkan Islamic branding, harga, dan promosi tidak berpengaruh signifkan.

    Improving the Morals of Karimah Santri at Al-Ihsan Islamic Boarding School

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    An effective learning environment is a very important factor in the educational process to achieve educational goals. Akhlakul Karimah is the goal to be achieved in the Islamic education process. Islamic boarding schools are educational institutions that function as institutions for spreading and developing Islamic religious knowledge as well as institutions that function as producers of national cadres who have good norms and values. So, Islamic boarding schools must be designed in such a way that they can function as they should. This research aims to determine the environment of the Al Ihsan Islamic Boarding School as an effective environment in improving the morals and morals of students. The approach used is a qualitative approach. The methods used in this research are observation and interviews. The location of this research is the Al Ihsan Islamic Boarding School. The research results show that physically Al Ihsan is a clean, comfortable, safe, and beautiful Islamic boarding school. Socially, Al Ihsan and his students have a spirit of justice, responsibility, and cooperation. In terms of social systems, it has a good administrative system. Culturally, the institution created is very good, this can be seen from the material which is a combination of traditional books and contemporary books which makes Al Ihsan students literate in moderate modern sciences and a different organizational culture which will lead the students to achieve noble morals

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